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Leonardo Di Ser Piero Da Vinci

Leonardo Di Ser Piero Da Vinci

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Published by Muhammad Nomaan ❊

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Published by: Muhammad Nomaan ❊ on Jul 04, 2010
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Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci
), (April 15, 1452 – May 2, 1519), wasanItalian polymath: painter ,sculptor ,architect,musician,scientist, mathematician, engineer ,inve ntor , anatomist, geologist, cartographer ,botanistandwriter .Leonardo has often been described as thearchetypeof the Renaissance man, a man whose unquenchable curiosity was equaledonly by his powers of invention.
 He is widely considered to be one of the greatestpaintersof all time and perhaps the most diversely talented person ever to have lived.
According to arthistorian Helen Gardner ,the scope and depth of his interests were without precedent and "his mind and personality seem to us superhuman, the man himself mysterious and remote".
MarcoRosci points out, however, that while there is much speculation about Leonardo, his vision of theworld is essentially logical rather than mysterious, and that the empirical methods he employedwere unusual for his time.
Born the illegitimate son of anotary, Piero da Vinci, and a peasant woman, Caterina, atVinciin the region of  Florence,Leonardo was educated in the studio of the renowned Florentine painter ,Verrocchio.Much of his earlier working life was spent in the service of  Ludovico il MoroinMilan. He later worked inRome, Bolognaand Veniceand spent his last years in France, at the home awarded him byFrancis I.Leonardo was and is renowned
 primarily as a painter. Two of his works, the
 and
, are the most famous, most reproduced and most parodied portrait and religiouspaintings of all time, respectively, their fame approached only byMichelangelo's 
.
 Leonardo's drawing of the
is also regarded as acultural icon,
beingreproduced on everything from the Euroto text books to t-shirts. Perhaps fifteen of his paintings survive, the small number due to his constant, and frequently disastrous, experimentation withnew techniques, and his chronic procrastination.
Nevertheless, these few works, together withhis notebooks, which contain drawings, scientific diagrams, and his thoughts on the nature of painting, comprise a contribution to later generations of artists only rivalled by that of hiscontemporary,Michelangelo.Leonardo is revered
 for his technological ingenuity. He conceptualised a helicopter, a tank,concentrated solar power ,a calculator,
 thedouble hulland outlined a rudimentary theory of plate tectonics. Relatively few of his designs were constructed or were even feasible during hislifetime,
but some of his smaller inventions, such as an automatedbobbinwinder and amachine for testing thetensile strengthof wire, entered the world of manufacturing unheralded.
As a scientist, he greatly advanced the state of knowledge in the fields of  anatomy,civil engineering, optics, andhydrodynamics.
Contents
 
Childhood, 1452–1466
Leonardo's childhood home in Anchiano. Leonardo's earliest known drawing, the Arno Valley, (1473) -Uffizi
Leonardo was born on April 15, 1452, "at the third hour of the night"
 in the Tuscan hill town oVinci, in the lower valley of theArno River in the territory of Florence.
He wastheillegitimateson of the wealthy Messer Piero Fruosino di Antonio da Vinci, a Florentine legal notary, and Caterina, a peasant.
 Leonardo had no surname in the modern sense, "
da Vinci 
"simply meaning "of Vinci": his full birth name was "Lionardo di ser Piero da Vinci", meaning"Leonardo, (son) of (Mes)ser Piero from Vinci".
Little is known about Leonardo's early life. He spent his first five years inthehamletof Anchiano in the home of his mother, then from 1457 lived in the household of his father, grandparents and uncle, Francesco, in the small town of Vinci. His father had married asixteen-year-old girl named Albiera, who loved Leonardo but died young.
Leonardo received aninformal education in Latin, geometry and mathematics but did not show any particular signs of aptitude.
[
]
When Leonardo was sixteen his father married again, twenty-year-old Francesca Lanfredini. Itwas not until his third and fourth marriages that Ser Piero produced legitimate heirs.
In later life,Leonardo only recorded two childhood incidents. One, which he regarded as an omen, was whenakitedropped from the sky and hovered over his cradle, its tail feathers brushing his face.
Thesecond occurred while exploring in the mountains. He discovered a cave and was both terrifiedthat some great monster might lurk there, and driven by curiosity to find out what was inside.

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