Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
This Article is About the Race of the Titans in Greek Mythology

This Article is About the Race of the Titans in Greek Mythology

|Views: 45|Likes:
Published by Muhammad Nomaan ❊

More info:

Published by: Muhammad Nomaan ❊ on Jul 04, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





This article is about the race of the Titans in Greek mythology. For the Greek sun-deity sometimes referred to as "Titan", seeHelios.
(Greek: Τιτάν -
; plural: Τιτ
νες -
) were a race of powerful deities,descendants of GaiaandUranus,that ruled during the legendaryGolden Age. In the first generation of twelve
Titans the maleswere Oceanus, Hyperion,Coeus,Cronus, CriusandIapetusand the females were Mnemosyne, Tethys,Theia, Phoebe, RheaandThemis. The second generation of Titans consisted of Hyperion's childrenEos, Helios,and Selene;Coeus's daughtersLeto andAsteria; Iapetus's sons Atlas,Prometheus, Epimetheus, and Menoetius; and Crius's sonsAstraeus, Pallas,andPerses. The role of the Titans as Elder Godswas overthrown by a race of younger gods, theOlympians,  in theTitanomachy ("Battle with the Titans") which effected a mythologicalparadigm shiftthat the Greeks may have borrowed from theAncient Near East.
Main article:Titanomachy 
Greeks of the classical age knew of severalpoemsabout the war between the gods and many of the Titans, theTitanomachy ("War of the Titans"). The dominant one, and the only one that has survived, was in the 
attributed to Hesiod. A lost epic,
– attributed to theblind Thracian bard Thamyris,himself a legendary figure – was mentioned in passing in an essay
On Music 
that was once attributed toPlutarch. The Titans also played a prominent role in
the poems attributed toOrpheus.Although only scraps of the Orphicnarratives survive, they show interesting differences with the Hesiodic tradition.The Greek myths of the Titanomachy fall into a class of similar myths concerning a War inHeaven throughoutEuropeand the Near East, where one generation or group of gods largelyopposes the dominant one. Sometimes the Elder Gods are supplanted, and sometimes the rebelslose and are either cast out of power entirely or incorporated into thepantheon. Other examplesmight include the wars of theÆsir with theVanir  and Jotunsin Scandinavian mythology, theBabylonianepicEnuma Elish,the Hittite"Kingship in Heaven" narrative, the obscure generational conflict inUgaritic fragments, and the rebellion of Lucifer inChristian mythology.
Rhea, Cronus' wife, one of the Titans
In Orphic sources
Hesiod does not, however, have the last word on the Titans. Surviving fragments of poetryascribed toOrpheus preserve some variations on the myth. In such text,Zeus does not simply set upon his father violently. Instead, Rhea spreads out a banquet for Cronus, so that he becomesdrunk uponfermented honey. Rather than being consigned toTartarus,Cronus is dragged — still drunk — to the cave of  Nyx(Night), where he continues to dream throughout eternity. Another myth concerning the Titans that is not in Hesiod revolves aroundDionysus.At some point in his reign, Zeus decides to give up the throne in favor of the infantDionysus,who like the infant Zeus is guarded by theKouretes. The Titans decide to slay the child and claim the thronefor themselves; they paint their faces white with gypsum, distract Dionysus with toys, thendismember him and boil and roast his limbs. Zeus, enraged, slays the Titans with histhunderbolt; Athena preserves the heart in a gypsum doll, out of which a new Dionysus is made.
This story is told by the poetsCallimachusandNonnus,who call this Dionysus "Zagreus", and in a number of Orphic texts, which do not.One iteration of this story, that of theLate Antique NeoPlationistphilosopher Olympiodorus, recounted in his commentary of Plato's
affirms that humanity sprang up out of thefatty smoke of the burning Titan corpses; some scholars consider that Olympiodorus's report, theonly surviving expression of this mythic connection, embodied a tradition that dated to the BronzeAge, while Radcliffe Edmonds has suggested an element of innovativeallegorizedimprovisationto suit Olympiodorus's purpose.
Other early writers imply that humanity was born out of themalevolent blood shed by the Titans in their war against Zeus.Pindar , Plato and Oppianrefer offhandedly to man's "Titanic nature". Whether this refers to a sort of "original sin" rooted in the murder of Dionysus is hotly debated by scholars.
Children of Oceanus:
Children of Hyperion:

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->