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world war I

world war I

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Published by Muhammad Nomaan ❊

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Published by: Muhammad Nomaan ❊ on Jul 04, 2010
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This article is about the major war of 1914–18. For other uses, seeWorld War One(disambiguation)."Great War" redirects here. For other uses, see Great War (disambiguation).
World War I
Date
28 July 1914 – 11 November 1918 (Armistice)Treaty of Versailles signed 28 June 1919
Location
Europe, Africa and the Middle East (briefly in China and the Pacific Islands)
Result
Allied victory; end of theGerman, Russian,Ottoman,  and Austro-Hungarian Empires;foundation of new countries in Europe and the Middle East; transfer of German colonies and regions of the former Ottoman Empire to other powers; establishment of theLeagueof Nations.
 
(1914-17)
(1915-18)
(1917-18)
(1916-18)
(1916-18)
(1917-18)
(1915-18)
(1914-16)
(1916-18)
Casualties and lossesMilitary dead:
5,525,000
Military wounded:
12,831,500
Military missing:
4,121,000
Total:
22,477,500 KIA, WIA or MIA...
.
Military dead:
4,386,000
Military wounded:
8,388,000
Military missing:
3,629,000
Total:
16,403,000 KIA, WIA or MIA...
.
v
 
d
e
Theatres of World War I
World War I
was amilitary conflictthat lasted from 1914 to 1918 and involved most of theworld's great powers,
assembled in two opposing alliances: theAllies(centred around theTriple Entente) and theCentral Powers.
 More than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million
 
Europeans, were mobilized in one of the largest wars in history.
 More than 15 millionpeoplewere killed, making it one of thedeadliest conflictsin history.
This war (abbreviatedas
WW-I
,
WWI
, or 
WW1
) is also known as the
First World War 
, the
Great War 
, the
WorldWar 
(prior to the outbreak of  World War II), and the
War To End All Wars
.Theassassination on 28 June 1914of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, is seen as the immediate trigger of the war, though long-term causes,such asimperialistic foreign policy, played a major role. Ferdinand's assassination at the hands of  a Bosnian Serb nationalistGavrilo Principresulted in Habsburg ultimatum against theKingdom of  Serbia.
Several alliances that had been formed over the past decades were invoked, so withinweeks the major powers were at war; with all having colonies, the conflict soon spread around the world.The conflict opened with the German invasion of Belgium, Luxembourg and France; the Austro-Hungarian invasion of Serbia and a Russian attack againstPrussia. After the German march onParis was brought to a halt, the Western Frontsettled into a static battle of attrition with atrench linethat changed little until 1917. In the East, the Russian army successfully fought against theAustro-Hungarian forces but were forced back by the German army. Additional fronts opened withtheOttoman Empire joining the war in 1914, Italy in 1915 and Romania in 1916. Imperial Russialeft the war in 1917. After a 1918 German offensive along the western front, Americanforces entered the trenches and the German armies were driven back in a series of successfulallied offensives. Germany surrendered onArmistice Day, November 11, 1918.By the war's end, four major imperial powers—theGerman, Russian, Austro- Hungarianand OttomanEmpires—had been militarily and politically defeated, with the last two ceasing to exist.
The revolutionized Soviet Union emerged from the Russian Empire, while the map of  central Europe was completely redrawn into numerous smaller states.
 TheLeague of Nationswas formed in the hope of preventing another such conflict. TheEuropeannationalismspawned by the war, the repercussions of Germany's defeat, and of theTreaty of Versailles would eventually lead to the beginning of  World War IIin 1939.

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