Cambodian Education System
In nowadays’ civilized society, human resources are inevitably needed for the development of a country. What’s
more, these human resources are not justany human resources. They must be well trained both mentally and skillfully.The process that is used to harness these people, making them the next goldengenerations, is called
.However, the education system varies from one country to another, andthe difference is even wider between developed countries and the developingones. Developed countries have advanced and worldwide acknowledgededucation systems which produce human resources to the highest possible level,whereas developing countries are still struggling to create proper educationsystems for their generations who are going to be next leaders of the countries.Cambodia, a developing country and one of the poorest, notably has lots of issues
with its education system. What are those major problems? What’s more,
are there any possible methods to tackle those problems?
& Financial Problems
As a country still recovering from continuous wars that destroyed almosteverything, there is still a long way before it can become a fully developedcountry. Consequently, many issues are expected, and the most important of allis corruption. This is not just a small problem that happens only in some minorparts of the government or at a few places; the corruption in Cambodia ishappening everywhere, from the top elites to the small kids who have justenrolled for a few years in primary school. In fact, corruption occurs sofrequently that it almost becomes a culture trend for Khmer people, imprinting adeep impression in their brains and to the later generations as well. Apart frombeing a country full of corruption, Cambodia is also a very poor country.According to the statistic, 80% of the population live on less than US$2 a day,and a
average salary is only US$30 per month, and not all of Cambodian teachers live on their own; most of them have families to support,kids to feed, and the monthly bills of electricity and water to pay, and with theinflation happening frequently in the country, being a teacher is not adequate.Therefore, most of them have to find jobs elsewhere such as making their ownbusinesses, opening extra-time classes and so on. While extra-time classes areonly promising for science and Khmer literature teachers, teachers who teachsocial subjects are not very likely to have a chance. Consequently, in class, theyhave to directly violate the rule and sell papers, either lesson papers or testpapers, to their students. In fact, they can disobey the law openly and easily thatthe law seems to be only for show
; in other words, it’s called,
‘Enacted lawwithout implementation’
. They say education is free for everyone, but is it true?