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Band Music Facts Study Guide

Band Music Facts Study Guide

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Published by Susan H. Hurst
A study guide for basic band music facts.
A study guide for basic band music facts.

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Published by: Susan H. Hurst on Apr 18, 2007
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/23/2013

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Music Facts—Band1. Rhythm and Note Parts
1
Beat
or 
Count—the rhythmic pulse of music. In band, we show the pulse (
or 
beats) by tappingour foot. We can say or count the rhythm by giving each note or rest a number or syllable.
2
Duration—the number of beats or counts that a note or rest lasts
3
Notation—the way in which music is written down, usually on a staff, indicating specific pitchesand the duration of each pitch or rest.
4
Rhythm—the notation (or written form) of sound and silence using notes and rests
5
Note—a symbol which shows the duration of the sound and the pitch of the sound
6
Rest—a symbol which shows the duration of silence between notes
7
Note head—the oval shaped part of a note
8
Stem—the vertical line attached to the right orleft side of the note head
9
Flag—a flag-shaped symbol attached to theright side of a stem which changes the durationof a note
10
Stem direction rule—if the note head is on orabove the third line of the staff, the stem goesdown and is attached to the left side. If the notehead is below the third line, the stem goes upand is attached to the right side.
2. Basic Notes and Counting
11
Line notes—notes whose note heads circle a linein the staff 
12
Space notes—notes whose note heads arebetween 2 lines in the staff 
13
Whole note—4 counts of soundCounting: 1 - - - (wuh-uh-uh-un)
14
Whole rest—one complete measure of silenceCounting: R - - - (reh-eh-eh-est)
15
Half note—2 counts of soundCounting: 1 -,
or 
2 -,
or 
3 – (wuh-un,
or 
too-ooh,
or 
three-ee)
16
Half rest—2 counts of silenceCounting: R – (reh-est)
Revised 02/09/081
3
rd
line
 
17
Quarter note—1 count of soundCounting: 1,
or 
2,
or 
3,
or 
4 (one,
or 
two,
or 
three
or 
four)
18
Quarter rest—1 count of silenceCounting: R (rest)
19
Dotted half note—3 counts of soundCounting: 1 - -,
or 
2 - - (wuh-uh-un,
or 
too-oo-ooh)
20
Te (pronounced TAY)—the syllable for the second half of a count, or the off beat
21
Dotted quarter note—1 ½ counts of soundCounting: 1 -,
or 
3 – (wuh-un,
or 
three-ee)
22
Eighth note—1/2 count of soundCounting: note on the beat—1,
or 
2,
or 
3,
or 
4;note off the beat—te (pronounced tay)
23
Eighth rest—1/2 count of silenceCounting: r (rest)
24
Eighth notes—2 or more eighth notes beamedtogether. 2 eighth notes equal 1 count.Counting: note on the beat—1,
or 
2,
or 
3,
or 
4;note off the beat—te (pronounced tay)
25
Sixteenth notes—1/4 count of sound. 4 sixteenthnotes equal 1 count.Counting: 1 ta te ta,
or 
2 ta te ta,
or 
3 ta te ta,
or 
4 ta te ta (pronounced tah tay tah)
Revised 02/09/082
 
3. Staff Symbols26
Staff—the five lines and four spaces on whichmusic is written. The lines and spaces arenumbered from the bottom to the top.
27
Bar line—a vertical line which divides the staff into measures
28
Measure—the space between 2 bar lines
29
Double bar line—a thin line and a thick linewhich shows the end of a piece of music
30
Repeat—two dots placed before a double barline, which mean to go back without stopping tothe beginning or to an interior repeat and playagain
31
Treble clef—the clef sign used for the staff onwhich notes for higher sounding pitches arewritten, also called G clef because it circles theG line
32
Bass clef—the clef sign used for the staff onwhich notes for lower sounding pitches arewritten, also called F clef because the 2 dots areon either side of the F line
33
Ledger—a short line above
or 
below the staff used to write notes higher
or 
lower than thenotes in the staff 
34
Interior repeat—repeat the music enclosed bythe repeat signs
35
Multiple measure rest—more than one measureof rest, the number tells you how manymeasures to rest
Revised 02/09/083

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