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Com Para Tors

Com Para Tors

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Published by: Manvendra Pratap Singh Bisht on Jul 05, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/30/2012

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COMPARATORSCOMPARATORS
 The The
general principlegeneral principle
of comparator is to indicate theof comparator is to indicate thedifferences in size between the standard and the work being differences in size between the standard and the work being measured by means of some pointer on a scale withmeasured by means of some pointer on a scale withsufficient magnificationsufficient magnification
A
ll comparators consist of three basic features
 A
ll comparators consist of three basic features1)
 A
 1)
 A
 
s
en
s
ing device
s
en
s
ing device
 which faithfully senses the input signal which faithfully senses the input signal2)
 A
 2)
 A
 
magnifyingmagnifying
oror
amplifying
s
 y
st
emamplifying
s
 y
st
em
to increase the signal toto increase the signal tosuitable magnitude. Mechanical, Optical, Pneumatic,suitable magnitude. Mechanical, Optical, Pneumatic,hydraulic and electronic methods are used for this purpose.hydraulic and electronic methods are used for this purpose.3)
 A
 3)
 A
 
di
s
 play
s
 y
st
em (u
s
ually a
s
cale and poin
t
er) whichdi
s
 play
s
 y
st
em (u
s
ually a
s
cale and poin
t
er) whichu
t
ilize
s
 
t
he amplified
s
ignal
t
o provide a
s
ui
t
ableu
t
ilize
s
 
t
he amplified
s
ignal
t
o provide a
s
ui
t
ablereadou
t.
readou
t.
 
N
eed for a compara
t
or
N
eed for a compara
t
or
A
comparator is used in mass production to inspect
 A
comparator is used in mass production to inspectthe components to close tolerances with high degreethe components to close tolerances with high degreeof precision and speed.of precision and speed.
 Ex: Piston  Ex: Piston 
U
se of line standards such as vernier and micrometer
U
se of line standards such as vernier and micrometercalipers require considerable skillcalipers require considerable skill
Many dimensions can be checked in a very short timeMany dimensions can be checked in a very short time
C
ompara
t
or
s
can be cla
ss
ified a
s
 
C
ompara
t
or
s
can be cla
ss
ified a
s
 
1.1.
MechanicalMechanical
2.2.
OpticalOptical
3.3.
Electrical & ElectronicElectrical & Electronic
4.4.
PneumaticPneumatic
5.5.
Fluid displacement comparatorsFluid displacement comparators
 
M
echanical
C
ompara
t
or
s
M
echanical
C
ompara
t
or
s
I
n Mechanical type, the required magnification
I
n Mechanical type, the required magnificationis obtained by using mechanical linkages,is obtained by using mechanical linkages,levers, gears and other mechanical devices.levers, gears and other mechanical devices.
Examples are ;Examples are ;
1.1.
REED COMP
 A
 A
 TOR,REED COMP
 A
 A
 TOR,
2.2.
 JOH
 ANSS
O
N
M
IK 
RO
KA
 TOR  JOH
 ANSS
O
N
M
IK 
RO
KA
 TOR 
3.3.
SIG
M
 A
COMP
 A
 A
 TOR 
SIG
M
 A
COMP
 A
 A
 TOR 
4.4.
D
IAL
 
GAUG
ED
IAL
 
GAUG
E

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