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AQA Geography for A Level poster

AQA Geography for A Level poster

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Poster for new AQA Geography for A Level
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Published by: Oxford University Press Children and Schools on Jul 05, 2010
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89
weather and climate and associated hazards
 
9
rivers, loods and management
Figure 2
Rapids at a knick point
Figure 1
Rejuvenation and a river’s long profle
In this section you will learn about:
the processes of rejuvenation
the impact of rejuvenation
the characteristics and formation of knick points, waterfalls, river terraces, and incisedmeanders
River rejuvenation
1.7 
 What is rejuvenation?
O   p,   u  y  p (Fu 1). T     p         p   .I p    qubu (b)  . I y,    y b y     p.Oy   u  -b u,  u    y      -b    p. T p    
rejuvenation
.
How does a river become rejuvenated?
T u  p     u    
base level
(Fu 1). B      u     b   j      . I b  ,  ‘kk’  p  
knick point
    ’  p (Fu 1).T     u by    b       y b. T u  y   uy,           qubu by    p. Lk   ,  u  kk p   up.T    u  ju:
1 Sea-level change.
I -        ,  kk p     . T  xp     A  N I (Fu 2).
2
 
River capture.
O u  y, uy u bk   u. T   . Oy,    u bk,  bk   j y  ‘pu’ bu   by . T   b  f   p   pu     . T   kk p,    u    y, u  ju  b .
1.rki 010kmN
River Rheidol
Before – thousands of years ago
Plynlimon
Cardigan Bay River Tei
1.rki CardiganAberystwyth
Cardigan Bay Nant-y-MochReservoir 
010kmN
After – the situation now
River Tei
1.rki
Nant-y-MochReservoir 
05kmN
 W
PonterwydParson’s BridgeDevil’sBridgeMynach Falls
River  MynachRiver Rheidol
Rejuvenation of the RiverRheidol, Ceredigion
T R R   -W. I   Py up    Abyy,   xb upb u  ju.Lk  Fu 3,    R R pu    R T  D’ B,  u  bu 250  b -.W        u p ,     T     u  R R. Iy,     y  p     p      y   T.F  550   ju 45 k, R R     UK’ - .T  
 waterfalls
 D’ B  by  p    . T kk p  u  x D’ B   up     
rapids
 Py (Fu 5). T R My,  buy,   pu My F   j  R D’ B (Fu 4)   x p.
With its many waterfalls and rapids, the River Rheidol iswidely recognised as one of the most challenging rivers for canoeing in the UK.
Did you know?
Figure 3
River capture by the River Rheidol
Skills
I   yu :
u OS p  y  p juu
 p k p  k -
 k  ppS        bu 8,000 y -  uu by. M y u -   (u ), bu   by  u     ( y)        . I  u     UK,   b       -,         b   p -,  u k  p  Fu 2.
More about sea-level change
CASE STUDY
AB
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     a        l       t        i       t     u        d     e
distance downstreamsmooth long prole – the river is in a state of equilibrium withits environmentknick point – a ‘step’ in the long prole formedwhen base level dropsfall inbaseleveloriginalbase level
1.rki
Key
wind gap (abandonedriver valley)waterfall
 W
1.lrki  
1
 
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