Researcherscommunicate their aim in research report as problems statements, statementsof purpose, research questions, or hypotheses.5.
The problem statement articulates the nature,context, and significance of a problem to be studied. Problem statementstypically include several components to develop an argument
problemidentifications (What is wrong with the current situation?); background(What is the nature of the problem, or the context of the situation, thatreaders need to understand?); problem scope (How big a problem is it, howmany people are affected?); consequences of the problem (What is the cost of not fixing the problem?); knowledge gaps (What information about theproblem is lacking?); and possible solutions to the problem (How will the newstudy contribute to the solution of the problem?).6.
tatements of Purpose:
A statement of purpose, with summarizes theoverall study of goal, identifies the key concepts (variables) and the studygroup or population. Purpose statement often communicate, through the useof verbs and others key terms, the underlying research tradition of qualitativestudies, or whether study is experimental in quantitative ones.7.
A research question is the specific query researcherswant to answer in addressing the research problem. In quantitative studies,research questions usually are about the existence, nature, and direction of relationships.8.
Functional of Hypotheses in Quantitative Research
A hypotheses is a statement of predicted relationships between two or morevariables.9.
haracteristics of Testable Hypotheses:
A testable hypothesis inquantitative studies states the anticipated association between one or moreindependent and one or more dependent variables.