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General - Curs 6 - 7 - Semiologia Tesutului Celular at Muschi, Oase, Articulatii

General - Curs 6 - 7 - Semiologia Tesutului Celular at Muschi, Oase, Articulatii

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Published by synoida

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: synoida on Jul 05, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/29/2013

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SEMIOLOGIATESUTULUICELULARSUBCUTANATSemiologia dezechilibrelor hidroelectroliticeEdemulEdemul
 ±reprezinta acumularea de sodiu si apa la nivelul tesutului celular subcutanat, traducand cresterea localizata sau generalizata a volumului lichiduluiinterstitial
Cauzele edemuluiCauzele edemului
Locale ±inflamatii, procese alergiceGenerale ±renale, hepatice, casectice, endocrine, medicamentoase
Semiologia edemuluiSemiologia edemului
Aspectul tegumentelor supradiacente Durerea (spontana sau la palpare)Temperatura locala Consistenta edemului (semnul godeului)
Aspecte fiziopatologiceAspecte fiziopatologice
Retentie oculta hidrosalina (faza de preedem) oligurieedeme declive (initialvesperale, ulterior permanente) generalizarea edemului (edeme periferice + lichid inseroase = anasarca)
 
Caracteristicile semiologice ale diferitelor tipuri etiologice de edem
Edeme de cauza generala
1. E
demul cardiac2
. E
demul renal (nefritic, nefrotic si sindromul vasculo-renal gravidic)3
. E
demul hepatic4
. E
demul carential (casectic)5
. E
demul de sarcina6
. E
demul catamenial7
. E
demul din mixedem8
. E
demul din anemiile severe9
. E
demul iatrogen
 
E
demul cardiac

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