e-ch the european concept houseshigeru ban, malinova, peykova
Shigeru Ban, Paper LogShigeru Ban, Paper Log Houses
Paper architecture is based on the ideaof using a standardized element gene-rated by a production process, namelypaper tubes. Transferring the technolo-gy behind an everyday material to ano-ther made possoble a change in thin-king. The idea inevitably led to searchfor a place that most requires such alow-cost, simple material. In 1994 banconceived the idea of making prototy-pes for refugee shelters out of paper.Japan: These are temporary Paper LogHouses built for the victims of the earth-quakes in Kobe, Kaynasli and Bhuj. Thefoundation consists of donated beercrates loaded with sandbags. The wallsare made from 106mm diameter, 4mmthick paper tubes, with tenting materi-al for the roof.The 1.8m space betweenhouses was used as a common area. Forinsulation, a waterproof sponge tape ba-resident‘s needs.India: What makes the India‘s log houseunique is the foundation and the roof.Rubble from destroyed building wasused for the foundation instead of beercrates, which could not be found in thisarea. It was coated with a traditional mudﬂoor. For the roof, split bamboo was ap-plied to the rib vaults and whole bambooto the ridge beams. A locally woven canemat was placed over the bamboo ribs,followed by a clear plastic tarpaulin toprotect against rain, then another canemat. Ventilation was provided throughthe gables, where small holes in the matsallowed air to circulate. This ventilationalso allowed cooking to be done inside,with the added beneﬁt of repelling mos-quitoes. For the roof, split bamboo wascked with adhesive is sandwiched bet-ween the paper tubes of the walls. The cost of materials for one 52 squaremeter unit is below $2000. The unitare easy to dismantle, and the ma-terials easily disposed or recycled. Turkey: Based on the shelter in Kobe, Ja-pan, some improvements were applied toﬁt in with the environment in Turkey. Oneunit, for example, was 3 x 6m, a diﬀerentand slightly larger conﬁguration, whichwas due to the standard size of plywoodin Turkey and also to the country‘s largeraverage family size. Secondly, there wasmore insulation. Shredded wastepaperwas inserted inside the tubes along thewalls and ﬁberglass in the ceiling, andalso cardboard and plastic sheets wereused for more insulation, depending theJapan TurkeyIndiaapplied to the rib vaults and whole bam-boo to the ridge beams. A locally wovencane mat was placed over the bambooribs, followed by a clear plastic tarpau-lin to protect against rain. Ventilationwas provided through the gables, whe-re small holes in the mats allowed air tocirculate. This ventilation also allowedcooking to be done inside, with the ad-ded beneﬁt of repelling mosquitoes.