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Shigeru Ban

Shigeru Ban

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Published by Isben Pormante

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Isben Pormante on Jul 06, 2010
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06/21/2013

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e-ch the european concept houseshigeru ban, malinova, peykova
Shigeru Ban
1984 Received Bachelor of Architecturefrom Cooper Union1985 Established private practice in Tokyo1993-95 Adjunct Professor of Architectu-re at Tama Art University1995-00 Consultant of United Nati-ons High Commissioner for Refugees(UNHCR)1995 Established NGO (VAN)1995-99 Adjunct Professor of Architectu-re at Yokohama National University1996-00 Adjunct Professor of Architec-ture at Nihon University2000 Visiting Professor of ColumbiaUniversity2000 Visiting Fellow of Donald KeenCenter, Columbia University2001- Professor of Keio UniversityShigeru Ban Architects5-2-4 Matsubara, Setagaya-ku Tokyo 156-0043Phone +81-3-3324 6760Fax +81-3-3324 6789tokyo@ShigeruBanArchitects.comwww.shigerubanarchitects.comEstablished 1985Owner-Shigeru BanPartner-Nobutaka Hiraga Paper HousePaper Log HousesNaked HouseCurtain Wall HouseWalls-less HousePicture Window House
 
e-ch the european concept houseshigeru ban, malinova, peykova
Shigeru Ban, Paper House
two spaces of different size were definedby 110 paper tubes(2.7 high,275 mm indiameter and 148 mm thick) arranged inan s-shape above a squere 10 meters toa side. This was the first project in whichpaper tubes were authorized for use as astructural basis in a permanent building. Ten paper tubes support the verticalload and the eighty interior tubes bearthe lateral forces. The cruciform wooden joints in the bases of the columns are an-chored to the foundation by lug screwsand cantilevered from the floor. The lar-ge circle formed by the interior tubesforms a big area. A freestanding papertubes column with a 1.2m diameter inthe surrounding gallery contains a toilet. The public today has an image of Shige-ru Ban as the ’’paper architect’’. He beca-me interested in paper tubes,that is thetubes that areused in paper mills as coresfor rolled paper,around the time he retur-ned to japan from the us. He first usedthe material in the ‘’alvar alto exhibition ‘’to create freestanding walls and celling.Paper tubes have a texture differentfrom that of wood,and arranged in rowthey suggest that ancient and beautifularchitectural feature,the colonade. Banused paper tubes as an architectural ma-terial in exibition and event sites in 1989and 1990. The use of the tubes in themain structure of a building was still notpermitted by the building standard law.Ban’s first paper-tube building af-ter getting authorization was ‘’Pa-per House’’ 1995, a villa for himself. This vila is based on a certain geometryFirst floor The exterior paper tubes surroundingthe courtyard stand apart from thestructure and serve as a screen. The li-ving area in the large circle is withoutfurnishing or detail other than an isola-ted kitchen counter, sliding doors, andmovable closets. When the perimetersashes are opened, the roof, supportedby the colonnade of paper tubes, is visu-ally emphasized and a spatial continui-ty is created between the surroundinggallery space and the outdoor terrace. The sliding doors on the four sides of theequare are detached from the structure,and the relationship between exteriorand interior spaces can be freely alte-red by opening or closing these doors.View toward the outsideExterior view from the southwestThe living area, surrounded by paper
 
e-ch the european concept houseshigeru ban, malinova, peykova
Shigeru Ban, Paper LogShigeru Ban, Paper Log Houses
Paper architecture is based on the ideaof using a standardized element gene-rated by a production process, namelypaper tubes. Transferring the technolo-gy behind an everyday material to ano-ther made possoble a change in thin-king. The idea inevitably led to searchfor a place that most requires such alow-cost, simple material. In 1994 banconceived the idea of making prototy-pes for refugee shelters out of paper.Japan: These are temporary Paper LogHouses built for the victims of the earth-quakes in Kobe, Kaynasli and Bhuj. Thefoundation consists of donated beercrates loaded with sandbags. The wallsare made from 106mm diameter, 4mmthick paper tubes, with tenting materi-al for the roof.The 1.8m space betweenhouses was used as a common area. Forinsulation, a waterproof sponge tape ba-resident‘s needs.India: What makes the India‘s log houseunique is the foundation and the roof.Rubble from destroyed building wasused for the foundation instead of beercrates, which could not be found in thisarea. It was coated with a traditional mudfloor. For the roof, split bamboo was ap-plied to the rib vaults and whole bambooto the ridge beams. A locally woven canemat was placed over the bamboo ribs,followed by a clear plastic tarpaulin toprotect against rain, then another canemat. Ventilation was provided throughthe gables, where small holes in the matsallowed air to circulate. This ventilationalso allowed cooking to be done inside,with the added benefit of repelling mos-quitoes. For the roof, split bamboo wascked with adhesive is sandwiched bet-ween the paper tubes of the walls. The cost of materials for one 52 squaremeter unit is below $2000. The unitare easy to dismantle, and the ma-terials easily disposed or recycled. Turkey: Based on the shelter in Kobe, Ja-pan, some improvements were applied tofit in with the environment in Turkey. Oneunit, for example, was 3 x 6m, a differentand slightly larger configuration, whichwas due to the standard size of plywoodin Turkey and also to the country‘s largeraverage family size. Secondly, there wasmore insulation. Shredded wastepaperwas inserted inside the tubes along thewalls and fiberglass in the ceiling, andalso cardboard and plastic sheets wereused for more insulation, depending theJapan TurkeyIndiaapplied to the rib vaults and whole bam-boo to the ridge beams. A locally wovencane mat was placed over the bambooribs, followed by a clear plastic tarpau-lin to protect against rain. Ventilationwas provided through the gables, whe-re small holes in the mats allowed air tocirculate. This ventilation also allowedcooking to be done inside, with the ad-ded benefit of repelling mosquitoes.

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