(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol.
Ultra Wideband Slot Antenna with Reconfigurable Notch bands
R.NakkeeranDepartment of Electronics and Communication EngineeringPondicherry Engineering CollegePuducherry, India . 605014.Email id: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
—AnUltra Wideband (UWB) slot antenna withreconfigurable notch bands is presented in this paper. The basicUWB antenna consists of a rectangular slot with triangularstructure that acts as a tuning stub with CPW feed. The CPW
feed is designed for 50 Ω
impedance. The notch band is achievedby inserting a rectangular slot in the ground plane with a
effective length of λ/2. The
reconfigurable rejection of the bands3.1 GHz –3.9 GHz, 4 GHz–5.3 GHz and 4.1 GHz–5.9 GHz areachieved by switching the diodesplaced over the slot in theground plane. The characteristics of the designed structure areinvestigated by using MoM based electromagnetic solver, IE3D.The return loss (S
) of the antenna is measured and that arecomparable with the simulation results.The proposed antennacovers the entire UWB range 3.1 GHz to 10.6 GHz withreconfiguration. The low profile and simple configuration of theproposed antenna leads to easy fabrication that may be built inany wireless UWB device applications where reconfigurablerejection bands are required. The rejection of WiMax, IEEE802.11a and HYPERLAN/2 bands can be achieved by using theproposed antenna design.
coplanar waveguide;notch band; slot antenna;reconfiguration;ultra wideband
In the year 2002, Federal Communications Commission(FCC) released the unlicensed UWB spectrum 3.1 GHz to 10.6GHz for the commercial purposes. After the release of UWB, itgains much attention by the researchers due to its inherent properties of low power consumption, high data rate andsimple configuration . With the rapid developments of suchUWB systems, a lot of attention is being given for designingthe UWB antennas. Designingan antenna to operate in theUWB band is quiet challenging one because it has to satisfy therequirements such as ultra wide impedance bandwidth, omnidirectional radiation pattern, constant gain, high radiationefficiency, constant group delay, low profile,easymanufacturingetc. Interestingly the planar slot antennaswith CPW fed posses the above said features with simplestructure, less radiation loss, less dispersion and easyintegration of monolithic microwave integrated circuits(MMIC) .
to inherent nature of UWB system sharingthesame spectrum with other systems. The interference fromother system should be considered when you design a UWBsystem. For example, the other wireless communicationsystems such as WiMax (3.3 GHz –3.7 GHz), IEEE 802.11a(5.15 GHz -5.35 GHz and 5.725 GHz –5.825 GHz) andHYPERLAN/2(5.15 GHz -5.35 GHz and 5.47 GHz – 5.825 GHz) which are also operated in the portion of UWB band.Therefore, the UWBantenna design could play animportant role when interference with other wirelessapplicationssuch as WiMax, IEEE 802.11a and HYPERLAN/2systems which are also coexisting with UWB band (3.1 GHz – 10.6GHz), which degrades the UWB system performance.Therefore, a UWB antenna having reconfigurable frequency bandnotchcharacteristics is enviable.To mitigate the above electromagnetic interference fromnearby communication systems many antenna designs have been proposed in the literature[4-13].Many techniquesalsoused to introduce notch band for rejecting the interference inthe UWB slot antennas. It is done either by inserting half wavelength slits, stripes in the tuning stub , or insertingstub in the aperture connected to the ground planes , or inserting square ring resonator in the tuning stub , or inserting ‘L’branches in the ground plane , or withcomplementary split ring resonator , or inserting strip in theslot 
All the above methods are used for rejecting a fixed bandof frequencies.Butto effectivelyutilize the UWBspectrum and to improve theperformance of the UWB system,it is desirable to design the UWB antenna with reconfigurablenotch band. It will help to minimize the interference betweenthe systems and to improve the performance of the UWBsystems. In general, reconfiguration are popular in antennaengineering for their frequency agility, bandwidth enhancementand polarization diversity [20-23]. In  RF MEMS switchesare used for the reconfigurabilty of rejection band between thefrequencies 5 GHz to 6 GHz. In this paper a new method is proposed to obtain the reconfiguration in the frequency notch bands for WiMax, WLAN 802.11a and HYPERLAN/2 systems by making ‘on’ and ‘off’ the diodes placed over the slot that isintroduced on the ground plane. This intern changes the tuninglength of the slot, which is responsible for the desiredfrequency notch band. Through our simulation it is also foundthat the desired frequency notch band can be obtained byinserting slot in the tuning stub with appropriate length rather than on the ground plane. However this paper mainly focuses