I would like to thank all the people who have helped and inspired me during thisresearch project. Without their generosity and assistance, the completion of this thesiswould not have been possible. First of all, I would like to express my deep sense of gratitude to my advisor Dr. Abhijit Mitra, who introduced me to this ﬁeld and sug-gested this problem. His sharp insight, consistent guidance, constant encouragement,contagious enthusiasm, and friendly advice are all echoed throughout this thesis. I willalways be indebted to him for all the things I have learnt from him.I am also thankful to the members of the evaluation committee, Dr. P.R.Sahu, Dr. A.Rajesh, Dr. K.R. Singh and Dr. Sonali Chouhan, for their valuable time, commentsand interest in our work.This work would not have been possible without the love and unfailing faith of myparents that has sustained me throughout this endeavor. I have no words to expressmy thankfulness to them. I would also like to thank all my friends in IITG, who mademy undergraduate experience both memorable and fun. Last but not the least, thanksbe to the God for my life through all tests in the past four years. May your name beexalted, honoured, and gloriﬁed.
Rakesh Krishna Velama