What started as an experiment in Athens over two thousand years ago eventually pervaded everycontinent and every land. Democracy, Democracy, Democracy is the repeated call that bellowsfrom the four corners of the globe. It is the established order in a chaotic and unstable world,where every critic of democracy is viewed with heretical suspicion. For every political problem,we are told, lies a democratic solution. For every civilization, for every country for every tribe,for every time - goes the mantra - democracy is the claimed answer to all our ills. In the poeticwords of a RAWA (Revolutionary Association of the Women in Afghanistan) activist,democracy will cure all wounds and bring a dawn of freedom.
O’ freedom sun,
Thrust in darkness,
Democracy will cure the wounds,
Whichemerge from your blood-stained soil.
O’ saddened nation,
Fight your antagonists.
Take revenge for your martyrs,
On the enemy of democracy and woman.
We shall bring through knowledge,
Through blood and smoke
We shall bring the dawn of freedom,
The morn of democracy.
Meena’s flag onthe shoulders of women
Who will sing she is our pride
O’ People, arise
Fight the enemies of democracy
In revenge for the blood of your beloved martyrs
And as a message for your fighters.
Yet recent events conform to a remark by John Adams, the second President of the United States.“
Remember democracy never lasts long. It soon wastes, exhausts, and murders itself. Therenever was a democracy yet that did not commit suicide.”
Adams’ remarks were true then and arefast becoming true now, especially in the Western world, the heart of the democracy’s home turf.Corruption, incompetence, growing debt and a feeling that politics just doesn’t work for theordinary man is now prevalent in most if not all major democratic countries.Moreover, since 9-11, democracy has slaughtered so many sacred cows, plunged to ever-deeper moral lows and increasingly become what it was, theoretically, supposed to oppose: corrupt, paranoid and tyrannical rule.Yet before we get into a detailed discussion around the merits and demerits of democracy, it isimportant to define precisely what we mean by the word democracy – for it means many thingsto many people.Some use the term in a linguistic sense: to characterise consultative behaviour. A company bossis considered democratic if he or she consults their team on a regular basis, in contrast to thosewho are considered dictators when they bark orders and expect to be followed. Others refer toany type of election - from the school council to high political office – as democratic.Also, liberal secular societies do not have a monopoly on claiming democracy as their own.Many communist countries during the Cold War era described themselves as democraticrepublics; and even Saddam Hussein’s Iraq had Presidential elections. But those for whom freeand fair elections are the key characteristic of a democracy would not give democratic legitimacyto those held in communist states or in dictatorships, where only one party exists.