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U.S. v. A.Z. Brief

U.S. v. A.Z. Brief

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Published by David Gura

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Published by: David Gura on Jul 06, 2010
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09/17/2010

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12345678910111213141516171819202122232425262728Tony WestAssistant Attorney GeneralDennis K. BurkeUnited States AttorneyArthur R. GoldbergAssistant Director, Federal Programs BranchVaru Chilakamarri (NY Bar #4324299)Joshua Wilkenfeld (NY Bar #4440681)U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Division20 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W.Washington, DC 20530Tel. (202) 616-8489/Fax (202) 616-8470varudhini.chilakamarri@usdoj.gov
 Attorneys for the United States
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURTDISTRICT OF ARIZONAThe United States of America,Plaintiff,v.The State of Arizona; and Janice K. Brewer,Governor of the State of Arizona, in herOfficial Capacity,Defendants.No.
PLAINTIFF’S MOTION FORPRELIMINARY INJUNCTIONAND MEMORANDUM OF LAWIN SUPPORT THEREOF
ORAL ARGUMENT REQUESTED
 
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TABLE OF CONTENTSPage
INTRODUCTION ......................................................1BACKGROUND ...................................................... 3I.FEDERAL STATUTORY & REGULATORY FRAMEWORKGOVERNING IMMIGRATION ......................................3A.Federal Laws and Discretion Regarding the Entry, Removal,and Treatment of Aliens Within the United States ...................4B.Federal Immigration Enforcement and the Cooperation of States and Localities ......................................... 6II.ARIZONAS S.B. 1070 ............................................ 7A.Section 2 Arizonas Mandatory Alien Inspection Scheme ...........7B.Section 3 Arizonas Alien Registration Crime ................... 8 C.Section 4/Ariz. Rev. Stat
.
13-2319 – Arizona’sAlien Smuggling Crime ...................................... 9D.Section 5 Arizonas Alien Work Crime..........................9E.Section 5 – Arizonas Alien Transporting and Harboring Crime........9F.Section 6 Arizona’s Warrantless Arrest of “RemovableAliens .....10LEGAL STANDARD ...................................................10ARGUMENT .........................................................11I.THE UNITED STATES IS LIKELY TO PREVAIL ON THE MERITS .....11A.Relevant Principles of Preemption ..............................11B.The Overall Statutory Scheme of S.B. 1070 is Preempted Becauseit Sets a State-Level Immigration Policy That Interferes with FederalAdministration and Enforcement of the Immigration Laws ...........121.S.B. 1070 Represents an Unlawful Attempt to Set ImmigrationPolicy at the State Level ................................132.S.B. 1070’s Policy of “Attrition Through Enforcement”Conflicts with the Federal Immigration Framework ...........15ii
 
123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627283.S.B. 1070 Interferes with U.S. Foreign Policy ObjectivesThat Inform Federal Administration and Enforcementof the Immigration Laws................................22C.The Individual Sections of S.B. 1070 Are Preempted By Federal Law..251.Sections 2 and 6 Are Preempted Because Their MandatoryRequirements for Determining Immigration Status Conflict withFederal Law and Priorities...............................25a.Section 2 of S.B. 1070 Will Result in the Harassmentof Lawfully Present Aliens and is Therefore atOdds with Congressional Objectives..................26 b.Section 2 of S.B. 1070 Will Burden Federal Resourcesand Impede Federal Enforcement and Policy Priorities...30c.Section 6 of S.B. 1070 Extends Arizona’s WarrantlessArrest Authority to Out-of-State “Removable” Offensesand is Preempted Because it Will Lead to theHarassment of Aliens.............................322.Section 3 of S.B. 1070 – Arizona’s “Complete or Carryan Alien Registration Document” Provision – Is Preemptedby Federal Law........................................34a.Section 3 Interferes with Comprehensive FederalAlien Registration Law............................34b.Section 3 is Preempted Because it Seeks toCriminalize Unlawful Presence and Will Resultin the Harassment of Aliens ........................373.Section 4 of S.B. 1070 Amends Arizona’s Alien SmugglingStatute, Which is Preempted Because it Conflicts withFederal Law..........................................394.Section 5 of S.B. 1070 – Arizona’s New Criminal SanctionAgainst Unauthorized Aliens Who Solicit or Perform Work – isPreempted by the Federal Employer Sanctions Scheme.......425.Section 5 of S.B. 1070 – Arizona’s Transporting, Harboring, orConcealing Provision – Violates Preemption and DormantCommerce Clause Principles.............................44II.THE UNITED STATES WILL SUFFER IRREPARABLE HARMABSENT A PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION ...........................46iii

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