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P. 1
Learn Korean

Learn Korean

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Published by amie t. diamzon

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Published by: amie t. diamzon on Jul 07, 2010
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02/15/2013

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Lesson 1 Hangul Alphabet System
(1092 total words in this text)Vowels : -
"a""ya""eo""yeo""o" 
"yo""oo" or "u""yoo" or "yu""eu""i" Consonants : -
"g" or "k""n""d" or "t"" r " or " l ""m" 
"b" or "p""s"-" ch "" ch' " 
ㅌ ㅍ
" g' " or " k' "" d' "" p' "" h " Note that "
'
" means the letter is aspirated, i.e a sharp sound.
+
+
=
hanhan
+
+
=
guk gu
한국
pronounced HanGuk meaning Korea
 Lesson 2 Double vowels(218 total words in this text)
ㅘ ㅙ
 eiryeirereyerewawherewoweo
 weouwei
Lesson 3 Use of Consonants (
자음
) and Vowels (
모음
)
 
(788 total words in this text)
Vowels in the korean languages may be attached to the left, right or beneath each other in order to form a word, thefollowing are examples of their use : -
= ka
= keo
= kyeo
= kya
= ki
= ko
= pa
= peo
= pu
= pyo
= chi
= cheo
= chu
= cho
= ma
= meo
= mo
= na
= neo
= i
= ya
= ti
= ko
= tya
= yo
= o
= to
= tu
= too
= ku
When constructing a word, you must add a mixture of consonants and vowels, beginning with the consonant at the beginningof the word. In some cases, there is no need to use a consonant at the beginning in which case
(nullcharacter) is used.
+
=
a
+
+
=
rum
+
+
=
kam
+
+
=
kkoong
+
+
=
ot
+
+
ㅂㅅ
=
eop
 
+
+
=
kkot
+
+
=
han
+
+
=
guk 
More on constructing words
A syllable that consists of a consonant and a "vertical vowel" is written with theconsonant on the left and the vowel on the right
+
=
n + a = naA syllable that consists of a consonant and a "horizontal vowel" is written with theconsonant on top and the vowel underneath:
+
=
m + o = moIf a syllable has a consonant, vowel, and consonant, the final consonant, called patch'im (meaning "supporting floor" in Korean) goes to the bottom -- or floor --of that syllable.
 
+
+
=
Lesson 4 - Grammer
(259 total words in this text)
Korean Names
In general, Korean names consist of 3 syllables.The first part is the Surname ( such as Kim, Lee and Pak ), it is the followed by a two-syllable first name. InKorean, the surname always comes first which is opposite of Western Names such as Doojin Pak instead of theKorean method of Pak Doojin.When you are referring to someone who you know well, then you may be able to refer to them directly, such asusing their first name. However when youare introduced to someone to whom you are not familiar with, or ammeeting for the first time, then you would add -ssi to the end of the name. An example of this would be Doojin-
ssiMaking Polite Sentences
With verb stems which end in vowels such a ka-, ha- and sa- , it is possible to make these into polite sentences by adding -yo to the end of the words, such as
Kayo
( which means "to go", or "I go" or "he goes" ). Verbs inthe polite style can be used as statements, questions, suggestions or commands, and may be further emphasised by the tone of your voice. For example,
Chal Chinaessoyo
may be both expressed as a question by asking howsomeone is, or can be a question stating that you are fine. Another example is the more common
AnnyongHaseyo
. 
Lesson 5 - Sentence Structure and order
(276 total words in this text)
Korean Sentence Structure and Word order
In Korean the structure of sentence differ to English sentences, for example the phrase
Chal Chinaessooyo
literally means "Well have you been getting on?" which is the opposite from English.In general the structure of the Korean sentences is broken down as
subject - object - verb
"Jon the ball kicked"
"To Go" in order to do sentences
There are a few words that you may add to the end of verb stems at the end of sentences, these include
-yo
which makes sentences polite, and
-ro
which means "in order to".In some cases the verb stems may in effect end in consonants in which case
-uro
is utilised.The order of the sentences for an example sentence of "in order to buy bread I am goin to the shops" isrestructured as "bread buy-in order-to the shops go"In Korean unlike English, the subject of the sentences is optional like "I", then the "in order section" is next,which is then followed by "the place you are going".(In English)
I go to the shopsin-order -to buy bread
(in Korean)
I (optional)bread buy - in-order toshops to go
The Konglish for this sentence in Korean would be
na-do ppang sa-ro kayo
(
I-do bread buy-in order-to go
).

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