Project Report on Implementation of Firewall on Linux Platform
LAN AND INTERNET
Extension of LAN to Internet
Before Networks were introduced, two or more computers couldcommunicate only through the manual exchange of data usingmagnetic tapes, disks or card readers. Each computer had alimited degree of productivity as it had to be equipped with itsown set of resources. Resource sharing was not possible. Thisgave rise to Local Area Networks.A Local Area Network is a group of computers either connectedto each other or to a central computer, all of which are in closeproximity to each other. LAN provided the advantages of Resource sharing, Reliability and powerful communicationmedium. Sharing of both hardware and software resources wasmade possible in a network.As business organizations ventured into new horizons there was aneed for people to communicate over larger distances. This wasnot feasible with LAN's as it simply connected computers withinroom, building or campus. Hence LAN extended itself to WAN.WAN is a group of computers connected to each other or to acentral computer,all of which are not in close proximity to eachother. WAN is a network of computers connected across variouscities. Soon even this was found to be a shortcoming. Finally WANextended itself into Internet! ,which is simply a network of networks.
Security in LAN
Security policy implemented in LAN was relatively simple.All thatwas required was to station a guard at the door to the computerroom who made sure that there was no tampering of magnetictapes, disks or card readers by an unauthorised person. Thispolicy could not be extended to the internet, As it was notpossible to monitor the millions of data exchange that took placeacross the various networks in the internet. Furthermore it wasbeyond scope to insert physical security checkpoints across theinternet.
Internet and its Growth
The internet in its broadest possible terms is the network of millions of computers, all of which link together through commonstandards and protocols. The internet includes a large number of LAN's, WAN's and routers. The united states government's