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Dictionary of Explosives, Ammunition and Weapons (German Section) - USA - 1958

Dictionary of Explosives, Ammunition and Weapons (German Section) - USA - 1958

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04/30/2013

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UNYAL
TECHNICAL
REPORT
NO,
2510
DICTIONARY
Of
EXPLOSIVES,
AMMUNITION
AND
WEAPONS
(GERMAN
SECTION)
BASIL
T.
FEDOROFF
HENRY
As
AARONSON
GEORGE
D0
UFT
EARL
F,
EESE
DOVER,
NEW
JERSEY
BEST
AVAILABLE
cOPY
1958
 
TABLE
OF
CONTENTS
PAGES
Forewordi
I
-
IV'
Lfist
of
German
E~xplosives4,
Ammunition
and
Weapons
1-
264
Vocabularyof German Ordnance, etc.
-_____205
-308
List
of
Germaai
Abbreviations
of
Ordnance
and
Related
Terms
309
-
345
 
r-FRMAN
EXPLOSiVr.S.PROPIP..LANTS
A04MUNITION
V.
/
APNi
RELA.TED~
ITEMS
I
..
lj
'
%&1
0-"
.'wrivans
.,;ifek.*d
gr,";ot
,.horl-
iigh
it)
pf'
t'
them.
I,,
he
%stiei
ad
ook
poessure
st..
am.
.I
N I
Nt(
If
c
hadt.Ici
rustort
it,
qud-stifutre
xplosiv-.
hon
it
was
esire,'
-4,
lead
n1.1sl.*:.y
cancing,
the
German-
A,
I;.t.;t.c
,
of
-e
which
in
wrany
cases
aure
it-
-5I:IN.
I'EII
!I
with
-..
it
eqauii
p~tcu
of
low-nwluing
---
vi'more
e'l-%cenive
than
those
usedI
b%
the
Allie~s.
Il' -
-%lotsives
-s
:1.
.)NII
rv
%
'.
;,
..c!,
s
%ii
alboutr
the
preirell1ants.
In
.ad.iticor.
to
these
s.
e
pgI-
ives
the
Gertsoufi
il.
.!ivev!4Ifnknt
of
6erman
miilitary
extplosives
tttd
pro-
Ixegan
the
development
of
-some
ratuoi
inferinor
explosive's
Ii
I
kill
.
1~.v1
N
suhdliv'idld
into the
following:
before
VO.
f.
The'.v,
were'callced
l.satc-sprengstoffe
(qv:
IPeriod
ýeforkr
WWI.
Iil.cl,
p.owdler
wan
used
as
;a
pro-
(stobstitu-Ie
plnsi-es.
1,
1oilt
in.!
I
I.sn
exr'osive
up
to
:he
eighties
whien
it
wait
%s
te-
erollants,ahrout
5
-*cars
:%efore
WV
11,
the
Germans-
rI~
wt:.t
for,
.I
sho'rt
periodf
by brown
pcvuder
aloof
finally
in
..
caizmd
to
develop
*louble-bas~e
propellants
which
containev.
,!.1,1/e"i-`i
-:,roielelon
propellants
invented
by
lDuttenhofer.
l)(lN(in
lieu.
of
N*G)
-it!
ir
-t.*!heu
XC;
i'!.:a-
-t-:!
X
iiirle..hAse
tubula~r
prorenllant
was
.ido)pt(-,
in
1897,
under
superior
teo
NG
powders
btcaase
being
"cooler' they
caused
I
h,
ilan'tI-I/f
Rl"97
(Rohisrepulver
U197n
andl
a~
Iouble-Kasse
mouchs
ess
erouio'n
of
the
gust
barrels.
The
.levoilopment
of
iiiutlar
Oropellant
(Nitroglycerinpulvet)called
P1`.'07
was
these
propellants
was
dlone
untletr
ther
directions
of
General
A
.o'*f-e'
lin
I
n'~I.
In
aat,iirion
to
shea
d
Gefrmnan%
rokdel
a
17toe
GaIllw.tx
(See
ProrpehlantsR).
I
alk-
ri/rlol-c-nt
(ltlattcht-npulver)
and1
a
disk
or
cube
pro-
l1.P%;
led
of
WWII.
At
the
roginaing
of
the
w.%f-*-aheCiot-
rc11%nt/
'V:.rftvlpu!vo.r).
As
.i
filler
f
or
proje~ctiles
the
black
mani.
d.%'not
experiencea
shnotatase
of
aromatic
nitrorompoo.LJdis
I--Iv
%%.&,tlpiced
n
1888
for
a
sliort
pecritsl
by
picric
acid
amnd
we.
-
able
tat
usethe
fo;!owing
eirploslvers
for
hcsmaei.g(1' A
a
nd
then
in
590)2
by
rNT.
'incusn:
TNT,
I)NB.
Is
A
.
cetryl,
IINDPhA.
rnme
alone
Pvriod
of
WWI.
Dol~e
o
the
%hort.g
ir
NC.
the
Germans
and
others
In
admixtures
with
other
explosives:.
Foruntre'-
C
forced
either
to
use
single-base
propellants
or
to
sub- wa-er
explosives,
the Germans
incorporated
a'
a
-
IS-
of
;ttit~utotOil
\(I
In
double-bacse
propell.,nt-4
by
seome
other
lIE,
powdered
Al
in
the
high
extplosives,
as
had
already
!een
.0is
T%.
I
a'r
lINT.
Doring
the
I
itter
prtr
of
VWii',
when
done
by
them
in
WaV
(S~ee
iso
under
Aluminized
Explosives,
.1
1
hrag-.
cotton
di'vc
loped
tite
to
thie
Alliedl
blockade', under
A-.
thv
Ivrrni.!ris
ro'sorted
cit-
he use
of
vcoJ
1,11,~l~
n the
form
o'S
Of
the
explosives
mentionedabove,
all
except
l)NII
may
k.
p;I..-I
lir
nitractionto
X(.
rin.
.alsoi
to
the
usec
03
he
considereda'
good
military
explosives.
DNB
is
not
as
Ic.oiljliesitiotie
foot
cootaining
ainy
%(.or
NU.
(Set-
Ammonpulv'er) good
because
it
is
less powerful
And more
toxic
than
TNt'.
A%.
hithl-explo..sive'i
for
filling
projectiles
the
G;ermains
It
was
used.
however,
tostretch
the
supply of
TNTZ
in
amatnl
Se.'l
if,
.d.li
ion
its'
T'Ul
DIIt,
T"rk
and
mixtures
of
these
and
ammonal-types of
explosive
mixtures.
TLe
comparatively
"witth
Ant
nitraite.
In
tlu
later
rart
cof
the
war,
when
these'
low
mn
of
I)NR
(ca
9e~)
permitted
its
use
with
loading
mix-
.utomutic
nitroesonre'unk&
became
!.ckrce
they
began
using
ctures
cantaining
Am
nitrate,
Mowet.
Such
nixttnes
diel
not
il'I'hA.
TNN.
lsN~D'h.
*TNN\,
IIND11hl
sulfiude
and
their
e~xude
even at
tropical
temperatures.
mixtures
with
Am
nitrate,
l'b
nitrate
ant'
K
chlotrate.
Lort-
Armninr
bvteGrasbfr
T1
e
r.e'rcial
blawinpr~
explosives.
such
As
Ilonalrit
and
T'esct.halit,
A
etoe
bvteGrasbfr
TI
e
amn!
other
wore
sensitive'
explosives
wkrr.ý
used
for
proiectile's
s'elope'd
two
of the
nloat
powerful
explosives.KI)X
and
PETN.
which
were
subjected
to
little
tw
uuo
setback,
-such
as
trench
When
theae
explosi7es
became
available
on
an
indu~trial
mortair
,Ilells,
cerrs~aIdes
and bombs.
The
Germans
also
started
-scale
they started
to
replace
the
aromatic
hitrocompocidisit,
incorra-
cct
AI1
powliler
in
underwater
explosives.
All
of
as
bursting
charges
for various
projectiles,
as
boosters
and
thse
%t
itute's
were
fairly
powerful
and
superior
to
the
asbase
charges
fordetonators.
V'nen
Al
powder
was
in-
mixtwte,.which
they
were
forced
to
u!,e
during
the
later
part
zorporsced
in
wiscures
of
RDX
and
PETN
with
other
sub-
*~
stances
'he
resulting
explosives
were the
most
powerful
C.Period
Before
WWII.
Ilegi,,ningt
in the
mids;'lc
19
r,
and
brisant
underwater
explosives.
Ir
was
by~
-:.a
tame
f
these
_ie
Germains
fo'psv,
a
.
war
and
began
the
development
of
;hcthe
Germans
sank
many
American
and
British
ships.
icx,-osives
whichl
coul-I
be
used
to
replace
those
prepei
by
The enormous
demand
for
explosives
and
the
shortage
the
nitration
of
aromatic
hydrocairbons
(derivec
from
coo;
tat),
tof
raw
materials
created
a
situation,
about
1943,
which
made
of
wichit as
teutcthee
wold
e
ashotag.
Te
mst
v
necessary
to
use
substitutes
interior
to
TNT,
thus
lower-
Import
inc
of
these
explosives
were
Ilexogen
(Cyclonite
or,
ingthe
efficiency
of
their
ammunition.
Thesemixtures
Aft"
RIM)N
and.
Pcntrit
(l'etitaerythritoltetraýnitrate
or
I
ETN.
isted
4
,
and
some
of
them
described,
under
Ersatxpnsoffe
lhoth
of
these.
explosives
were
derived
from
aliphatic
comn-
(q
")
'omnmls
of
which
no
shortage
was
expected
dotring
a
wal.
III
The
Germansused
single-base
propellants
In
small
arms
adda~irion.
these
explo~sives
were
mutch
more
powerful
than
and
in
somse
smalle'
Ltans,
while
double-base
propellanats
in
I
!t
A.mi
~cnce
ry,
ht
heywee
co
enstie
t
h
which
pact
or
all
tht
NG
was
replaced
by
I)EGII)N
(or
some-
~m-ml
lne'as
rtin
chrgs
i
shll.
ris
ificutywas
tifrsea
TEVIoN),
with
or
without
N'Gu,
were
uised
;is
3
7
mm
or
aovercw.m
.
htowever,
be
cnrottiny
the
particles
of
these
X-
larger
caliber
cannon.
A
propellant
of
uua
rnltoa
j'l'sie
~lu
l,,ca
0.
~
.ainan
.,xartlie
inthemolen
used
for guns,
while either
flake
or
disk
type
wits
used
in
vmiiiork
4ch
tplo'.iv.'
mixturescould
he
aafely
press'
Folloting
ate
sromefiguesfrnhcmnhlaroutin
cahecti
nto'
m'rnectilts,
such
as
2
0mas
to:
Umm
shells
-oloin
ar
oefgrsfrth
otlrdcin
I~.laed
incto
botisters4
for
various
shell.
These mixtures
cou
-"
in
metric
cons
of
the
prina-pal
high
explosives
for
the
years
Pitt
co
r
bec:',ise
the
mn
-
'a
of
RDX
n-'
I
II-'TN
are
to
1943
arnd
1944'

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