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Foundation for Indian Scientific Heritage(R)Suratkal.

Foundation for Indian Scientific Heritage(R)Suratkal.

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Published by: Dr.Ramakrishnan Srinivasan on Jul 08, 2010
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Foundation for Indian Scientific Heritage(R)Suratkal, Karnataka, India.In search of Truth.The four questions that Prof. Narlikar asks are:1. What is the scientific content of the Vedas?2. Can astronomical allusions of the past and the present be used to date ancient writings or events, as is usually done in support of the scriptural history ofthe Indian subcontinent?3. Were any supernovae observed in India during the Siddhantic Period, the golden period of Indian astronomy? If not then how reliable Indian astronomy would bein spite of the ignorance regarding the rare cosmic phenomena that were recorded in contemporary China? And4. Why did scientific activity decline after the Siddhantic Period, if at all the period may be referred to as scientific?Answers by Arun Kumar Upadhyay-Detailed References are in articles-Common Jain and Vedic heritage, Frontiers of Science, Shaka and Samvatsara, book-Sankhya siddhanta. Summary in slide form is titled astronomy-all on scribd/Arun Upadhyay.(1) Vedas are not text books of science but foundation of all knowledge as stated in Mundakopanishad (1/1). This aspect is explained in Atharva-veda, the original in its first sentence-3 sevens envelop the world. One of the meanings is Bismillah (786). There are 7 lokas in space and its image on earth and in human body. All sciences should have minimum 7 basic elements. All political theories assume 4 basic elements-Land, people, Govt and sovereignty. To make it complete, 3 more are added in India-(i) Kosha=revenue surplus, known on economics, but ignored in political theory even by Marx. (ii) Durga-natural and artificial protection, (iii) Purohita-moral justification-constitution and laws. Similarly, completetheory of body in Ayurveda must have 7 elements.Before hand we assume that Vedas are songs of illiterate people and all numerical measures were omitted even by Svami Dayananda.When Vedic verses were composed (29100-3100 C), scientific theories were knownand were not specifically mentioned. 6 angas were needed to understand Vedas-(1)Shiksha-Personal instruction to explain symbols and structure of knowledge or subject, (2) Kalpa-Practical use and verification, (3) Vyakarana-Breaking of sounds in letter/syllables ad forming words from root verbs, then clause/sentence (chhanda-pada), (4) Nirukta-definition of words in sciences, (5) Jyotisha-structure and location/motion/direction of cosmic bodies, their image on earth and man,(6) Chhanda-measures of word as well as basic (ma chhanda) and derived units (called vayah chhanda. Vedas assume interlink between Cosmos, earth and man. But science of each has to be separately studied-that is Jain tradition, parallel to Vedas.Superior knowledge of Vedas-(1) Cosmic theory-(a) Solar system size is neither measured nor defined in modern astronomy. Rigveda (10/189/3) defines it as a zonein which light of sun is more (than background of galaxy). Its extent is 230 xearth size. Each dhama starting from earth is double of previous (BrihadaranyakaUpanishad 3/2/2). Puranas (e.g. Vishnu 2/7-8) state Solar system zones in termsof sun diameter. (1) Ratha is body= solar system of 1575 Million sun diameters.Vayu purana (6/12) tells that earth is a dot on teeth of Varaha which is 100 yojana high and 10 yojana wide. Only in terms of sun diameter, earth is between 108-109 sun diameters from sun. Isha-danda is defined as solar wind in Yajurveda first verse. Its size is 3000 yojana on each side of sun i.e. up to orbit of Uranus (my3 published articles in 1999, found by NASA in 2007). Wheel is of 1000 yojana radius, i.e. up to Saturn orbit. It is grand cycle of earth motion, only planets up to Saturn cause perturbation on earth. Katu (place of creation) is planetary orbit till Neptune, called wheel shaped earth. It is given in earth yojanas(1000 parts of diameter=12.8 km, earth is 1000 petalled lotus in space). Its diameter is 1000 million yojanas, i.e. radius of about 41 AU. Beyond that, 60000 balakhilyas of 1 angula (angushtha) =1/96 part of earth as man in space=135 kms diameter revolve (Rigveda, khila part, puranas). It is Nakshatra of solar systemat 60 AU (Surya-siddhanta 12/82)-(article in1999). NASA find in 2007-70000 bodies of 100+kms at 45-60 AU. Half of wheel earth is of 500 million yojana diameter
 
is loka (lighted) part, beyond that is aloka (dark)(b) Mahar loka (sphere of width equal to spiral arm near sun, 1000 stars are 1000 heads of Shesha) is 240, Janah loka (galaxy) is 246, Tapah loka (visible universe) is 264 and Satya loka (imaginary Purusha) is 272-all in units of earth. These measures in Puranas are in Atma yojana (sun diameter) for solar system-Jain jyotisha. For higher lokas, they are in Pramana yojana, successively 500 times bigger units.(c) All 22 or more modern theories of cosmology depend on assumption that Universe is uniform, homogeneous and isotropic (steady also in some). They use continuous equations of Tensor calculus, so ignore any discrete structure. Only Chandrashekhar limit links star size with atomic measures. James Jeans in 1930 had assumed that Universe is homogenous at level of1000 galaxies. But at largest levelsalso, it is not so as found recently. In 1931, Kurt Godel proved IncompletenessTheorem, but still, Einstein to Weinburg-Salam and Mahesh Yogi also searched elusive Unified Field theory.(d) Since one theory cannot be complete, we should take 2 or 3 complementary theories. It is like wave-particle duality. 3 complementary Vedic theories are- Purusha (Structural), Shree (Field) and Yajna (Change or transformation).(e) Purusha-Starting with man, earth, solar system, galaxy and Universe are successively 107 times bigger. 7 smaller worlds are successively 10-5 times smaller.Inner ratio of 5 gross levels are 7, and 7 micro levels are 5. These are powerswith base 10, so universe should be 10 dimensional. There is no such conclusionin any branch of modern science-though this is correct observation.(f) Shree-Universe is 10 dimensional. For Physics, 5 dimensions are sufficient-5basic units of measure are needed. That is Sankhya philosophy and Roman scriptwith 5x5 elements/letters. Then there are 5 levels of Chetana (consciousness), which does chayana (ordering). Dimension 6 is Purusha. Its Philosophy is Shaiva with 6x6=36 elements. Scripts are Arabic, Latin, Russian and Gurumukhi. Dimension7 is Rishi (Rassi in Hindi=string)-Link between two objects, 4 fundamental forces, 2 of symmetry called wings in Shatapatha Brahmana, 1 non-symmetric called tail of Suparna. Its elements are 7x7 Maruts. Script is called Devanagari, as it is nagara (chiti =arrangement, city) ot Devas in symbols-33 devas are prana of 33zones (Dhama of solar system) 3 within earth, 30 outside in solar system. Theirsymbols are consonants from k to h. Including 16 vowels, 49 letters are 49 Maruts of 49 zones of galaxy (246 x earth). Dimension 8 is Kala (partitions), formedby 8 Prakriti. Prakriti is combination of 3 Gunas, i.e. 23= 8 types. Elements are 8x8=64 Kalas. Script is Brahmi, equivalent o Tapah loka in exponential scale.Dimension 9 is randhra=defect. It is linked with partition, so its equivalent is (8+9)2=289 symbols in Vijnana Vak of Vedas to indicate all sciences. In present days, Greek symbols, mathematical operators and Chemical elements etc. have separate symbols. Vedic script has 36x3 vowels, 36x5 consonants and 1 unclassifiedOm. Dimension 10 is Rasa or Ananda, primordial original source of Universe. Ithas infinite elements, but equivalent script has 103-104 letters beyond Vyoma (Tibet) in China and Japan.(g) Brahma is collection of all matter. There is fluctuation at all points. Visible motion of particles or system is Karma, called Action=force x displacement in Physics. All action is not useful. Any action in cycle, which produces usefulwork is called Yajna. Useful work means that it continues function of an objector system. In space, the chain of yajna is visible in 5 levels-Svayambhuva (=self created, collection of galaxies), Parameshthi (=largest Brick, galaxy), solarsystem, Chandra mandala (sphere containing moonâ

s orbit) and earth. So Human yajnas are in 5 parts in 5 ways. Symbolically there are 5 ka-karas in Sikhism, 5 mahayajna and 5 Namaj daily. At root are 2 invisible states-Nirvishesha is abstract,formless, having 1000 directions of creation (sahasra-balsha). Its image is Sahasrara chakra in man. Duality of observer-observes (Shiva-Shakti, Aham-Idam), ormatter/energy is Savishesha-Paratpara. Its image in man is Ajna chakra. Imagesof 5 visible levels are 5 chakras in backbone nerve-Sushumna.(2) Physical-Ancient primitive age is called copper age whose prospecting, mining and metallurgy all are more difficult than iron. Prospecting of gold or silveris still trial and error even after all modern techniques. Gold mine of Zimbabw
 
e have been estimated at least 15000 years old. Kurma incarnation saw co-operation between Devas and Asuras for mining called Samudra manthana. Mineral bearingrock is convex called Kurma shaped. Titles of all Asuras who had come to help inmining in Chhotanagpur plateau are related to ores and metallurgy. Prospectingitself indicates advanced technology. Actually Satya, treta, dvapara, kali havebeen translated in Greek as Gold, silver, copper and iron eras.(3) All secrets of Ayurveda and Yoga are still not understood which have been written in very authentic manner. Link between man and space is also conjecture only.2. Dating-There are multiple systems of yugas, years and days. There are 7 yugasout of which 5 are used to indicate historic periods-(1) Ayana chakra-it is called manvantara of 26000 years in Brahmanda purana of 71 yugas of roughly 365 years each (360 years in round numbers). (2) Ayanabda yuga or Brahmabda of 24000 years is the actual period of glacial cycles which influence long periods of history. Milankovich theory (1923) explained it as combined effect of rotation of earth apogee in 1,00,000 years and precession in 26,000 years in reverse directionBut it is variable and there is nutation also. In India, long term component of3,12,000 years of apogee rotation has been added to give a cycle of 24,000 years with 2 parts of 12000 years each. Avasarpini starts with Satya, Treta, Dvapara, Kali of 4,3,2,1 parts and Utsarpini follows in reverse order of yugas. Kali ofday 3 of Brahmbda in Avasapini started on 17-2-3102 BC. Due to that, Brahmagupta and Bhaskara -2 had to adopt correction in cycle of 24,000 yeas-coming from Purana tradition. (3) Kraunch or Dhruva Samvatsara of 9090 Manusha years (8100 solar years). (4) Saptarshi vatsara of 3030 manusha years. The same has been called2700 divya years. Thus Manusha year =12 revolutions of moon=327 days. Divya year=solar year of 365.25 days. In astronomy, divya year is of 360 years, and yugais 43,20,000 years which is grand cycle of planets till Saturn, called wheel ofsun, or sahasraksha (1000 x aksha =sun). 1000 yugas are day of Brahma, in lightyears day-night of Brahma (8.64 billion) is radius of visible universe.Years are of two types-Shaka and Samvatsara. Shakas are calendars started with aparticular point by a king- Literally Shaka means cumulative count (of days), which is used for mathematical calculation of planetary positions. Samvatsaras are of 5 types-mostly tropical year or its multiples.Days are indicated in 5 ways, so calendar is called Panchanga. There are 2 moreelements-lagna and planetary positions. The yuga system determines date with error of about 100 years. It is not possible to determine dates more than 5000 years old with certainty, by checking astronomical observations as per modern equations.Multiple check is needed because long term variation in motions. There are 7 models of slowing down of earthâ

s axial rotation by NASA. That is to be checked by actual observations of past. But, Indian so-called scientists use it to change theobservations on recorded dates.3& 4-Siddhantika period-This is misnomer created by forgeries/destructions of west Asian civilizations. They tend to destroy everything before their accepted Prophet and assume different Gods for other races and convert them to own form. Inrecorded history, it started with destruction and burning by Greek Alexander oflibraries in Persepolis and Alexandria in addition to wiping out entire population. That is termed as creation and greatness in those civilizations. That helped in creating fake records that all science was developed in Greece only. Euclidhad studied in Alexandria to write Elements (Axiomatic geometry). Appolonius ofPerga also went to Egypt, but had to visit India to study Conic sections. But semi-literates like David Pingree quote their own fake articles to show Greek/Sumerian origin of Indian Astronomy or mathematics. Then Christianity destroyed everything prior to their religion all over Europe and wiped out about half the population of their own country by cruel tortures-continued till Goa inquisitions.Much touted saint Xavier killed 7 women daily by torture for dinner entertainment. This is as per Christian records on websites.Islamic empires forced others to read Kalamma or to accept death, but no body intheir own empire read Kalama himself which tells that There is nothing but God.All fatwas mean that nothing of rival states or populations is God. Al-Biruni h

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