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AIEEE Questions & Answers

AIEEE Questions & Answers

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Source :http://www.adichemadi.com/engine.html#IIT/exams/aieee2009-1/a1.htmlAIEEE-2009 MODEL PAPER 11) Which of the following compounds containing chiral carbonsis optically inactive?A) (R)-Lactic acidB) (R,R)-Tartaric acidC) (R,S)-Tartaric acidD) Glycine
Solution: The (R,R)-Tartaric acid is optically active as it has no plane of symmetry.But the (R,S)-Tartaric acid, which is also known as meso-Tartaric acid isoptically inactive even as there are chiral centres. It is because, themolecule possesses plane of symmetry. Hence its mirror image issuper imposable on it.Glycine is also optically inactive but it has no chiral carbon.
Which of the following radial distribution graphs correspondsto orbital with n = 3,
= 2 ?
Solution: The troughs in the above graphs represent the radial nodes. For agiven orbital, the number of radial nodes = n -
- 1For the orbital n = 3 and
= 2, the number of radial nodes = 3 - 2 - 1 =0 The radial probability distribution curve which represents correctly thisorbital is
3) Complete coagulation of one litre of an aquasol requires0.001 equivalents of Na
. Whereas the coagulation of thesame requires 0.1 equivalents of alcl
. During electrophoresisof this colloidal solution, the sol particles will migrate towards:A) anodeB) cathodeC) both anode and cathodeD) do not migrate
Solution:When electrolytes are added to the colloids (especially the lyophobicsols), the ions in them neutralize the charge on the sol particles andthus by bringing the coagulation of that colloid. The ions with oppositecharge as that on the sol particles are required for the coagulation.According to Hardy-Schutlz rule, the ability to coagulate a colloid by anelectrolyte increases with increase in the charge on the ions suppliedby the electrolyte. Hence greater the ability of an electrolyte tocoagulate, lesser is the amount of it required for coagulation. The data given in the question suggests that Na
is more efficient inbringing coagulation of the given aquasol. The phosphate ion (PO
)has greater charge than the chloride ions in alcl
. Hence the sol
particles must be positively charged. Hence they will migrate towardscathode.
4) The major product formed in the following reaction is:A)B)C)D)
can only reduce the polar double bonds (like C=O). It cannotreduce non polar double bonds (C=C). Hence the correct option is d). The reaction is initiated by the attack of hydride ion (H
) on thecarbonyl carbon. Lialh
also behaves in the same way.
5) Dioxygen is paramagnetic because:A) there are two unpaired electrons in doubly degenerate π-LUMO’s.B) there are two unpaired electrons in doubly degenerate π-HOMO’s.C) there are two unpaired electron in a σ-LUMO.D) Dioxygen is not paramagnetic and hence there are nounpaired electrons.
Solution:Following Molecular Orbital Energy Diagram for dioxygen moleculeclearly shows there are unpaired electrons in the π-HOMO's.HOMO = Highest Occupied Molecular OrbitalLUMO = Lowest Unoccupied Molecular Orbital

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