This test method covers the determination of specific gravity and absorption of coarseaggregate. The specific gravity may be expressed as bulk specific gravity, bulk specific gravity(SSD) (saturated-surface-dry), or apparent specific gravity. The bulk specific gravity (SSD)and absorption are based on aggregate after 24 hour soaking in water. This test method is not intended to be used with lightweight aggregates.
ASTM C 40: Standard Test Method for Organic Impurities in FineAggregates for Concrete
This test method covers procedures for an approximate determination of the presence of injurious organic impurities in fine aggregates that are to be used in hydraulic cement mortar or concrete.
ASTM C 136/AASHTO T 27; Standard Test Method for Sieve Analysis of Fine and Coarse Aggregates
This test method covers the determination of the particle size distribution of fine and coarseaggregates by sieving. A sample of dry aggregate of known mass is separated through a seriesof sieves of progressively smaller openings for determination of particle size distribution.
AASHTO T 103: Soundness of Aggregates by Freezing and Thawing
This test method covers three procedures in testing aggregates to determine their resistance todisintegration by freezing and thawing. It furnishes information helpful in judging thesoundness of aggregates subjected to weathering, particularly when adequate information isnot available from service records of the behavior of the aggregate.
ASTM C 88/AASHTO T 104: Soundness of Aggregate by Use of SodiumSulfate or Magnesium Sulfate
This test method covers the procedure to be followed in testing aggregates to determine their resistance to disintegration by saturated solutions of sodium sulfate or magnesium sulfate.This is accomplished by repeated immersion in saturated solutions of sodium or magnesiumsulfate followed by oven drying to partially or completely dehydrate the salt precipitated in permeable pore spaces. The internal expansive force, derived from the rehydration of the salt upon immersion, simulates the expansion of water on freezing. NOTE: this test method furnishes information helpful in judging the soundness of aggregates subject to weathering action, particularly when adequate information is not available from service records of thematerial exposed to actual weathering conditions.