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Scoping Study Cr

Scoping Study Cr

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Published by Mauricio Moreno

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Published by: Mauricio Moreno on Jul 08, 2010
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SCOPING STUDY ON COPYRIGHT AND RELATED RIGHTS AND THE PUBLIC DOMAIN
PREPARED BY
Séverine Dusollier, Professor, University of Namur, Belgium 
 ________________________ 
The views and opinions expressed in this Study are the sole responsibility of the author.The Study is not intended to reflect the views of the Member States or the WIPOSecretariat (April 30, 2010)
 
page 2I. INTRODUCTION................................................................................................................................4II. THE PLACE OF THE PUBLIC DOMAIN IN COPYRIGHT.................................................................6A. The notion of the public domain.........................................................................................................61. The traditional definition of the public domain........................................................................62. Limitations of the definition.....................................................................................................7(i) The distinction between free use and free access.................................................7(ii) Copyright Exceptions ..................................................................................................9(iii) Governmental public domain information..................................................................10(iv) Orphan and out-of-print works ..................................................................................11(v) The Public domain and traditional knowledge .....................................................12B. The role of the public domain in intellectual property.......................................................................13C. The history of the public domain ......................................................................................................14D. The justification of the public domain...............................................................................................17III. THE COMPOSITION OF THE PUBLIC DOMAIN............................................................................20A. Key principles ……………………………………………………………………………..……………. 20B. The territoriality of the public domain ...............................................................................................20C. The many parts of the public domain based on the protected subject matter.................................211. Idea/expression or the ontological public domain................................................................212. Requirements for protection or the subject-matter public domain.......................................22(i)Originality ……………………………………………………………………………….…….22(ii) Fixation ........................………………………………………………………………….23(iii) Nationality of the work ............................................................................................243. The term of protection or the temporal public domain .........................................................244. The excluded creations or the policy public domain............................................................28(i)Official acts28(ii) News of the day......................................................................................................30(iii) Other exclusions.....................................................................................................305. Relinquishment of copyright: the voluntary public domain...................................................306. Intermediary conclusions on the composition of the public domain.....................................33D. Relativity of the public domain..........................................................................................................341. Perpetual moral rights.................................................................................................422. Domain public payant………………………………………………..……………………. 463. The reconstruction of Copyright in some works ……………………………..…….……484. Property rights ……………………………………………………………...………..……...495. Privacy rights…….………………….……………………………………………….………506. Technological protection measures……………………………………………….............507. Related rights………………………………………………………………..………...............538. Other intellectual property rights…………………………………………….…………… ..55IV.INITIATIVES AND TOOLS ALLOWING GREATER ACCESS, USE, IDENTIFICATION ANDLOCATION OF THE PUBLIC DOMAIN .........................................................................................……46A. Copyleft, open source or open access licensing..............................................................................46
 
page 31. Notion…………………………………………………………………………....462. Presentation of main licensing regimes...............................................................................48(i)Open source software......................................................................................................48(ii) Creative Commons.................................................................................................48(iii) Open access to scientific publications....................................................................533. Key features of copyleft licensing.........................................................................................53(i)The Assertion of the Intellectual Property Right..............................................................53(ii) The Reverse Use of Exclusivity..............................................................................54(iii) The Absence of Discrimination...............................................................................55(iv) The viral or copyleft effect.......................................................................................55B. Data on public domain material........................................................................................................56C. Public domain calculators.................................................................................................................58D. Registration systems........................................................................................................................62E. Databases and search engines about public domain material ........................................................62F. Intermediate conclusion on public domain tools ..............................................................................63V. PROTECTION OF THE PUBLIC DOMAIN AND RECOMMENDATIONS.......................................63A. Existing protection of the public domain...........................................................................................63B. Key objectives for a robust public domain........................................................................................65C. Recommendations............................................................................................................................66ANNEXES - Comparative Analysis........................................................................................................69ANNEX I - Composition of the public domain........................................................................................70ANNEX II - Encroachments upon public domain...................................................................................80ANNEX III - Positive protection of the public domain…………………………………………95

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