Short Course on Electronic Project Design and FabricationShort Course on Electronic Project Design and FabricationShort Course on Electronic Project Design and FabricationShort Course on Electronic Project Design and Fabrication
Jointly Organized by: Dept. of EEE and IEEE RUET Student Branch
Lecture 2: LED, Seven Segment display, LCD, Dot matrix, Opto-coupler, Laser, Photo Diode, LDR
LED is acronym of Light Emitting Diode. It is a basic electronic component mainly used as lighting device in manyapplications such as torch light, traffic light, cars head light, cards back light, as indicators in TV, Keyboard, CassettePlayers etc.Now a days, LED is also used in Mobile as back light, in LCD as back light, LED Screen etc. Here we will not go into thedetails of construction but we will only show you the application of LED. If you are interested in learning theconstruction of LED then please see the Reference section for Books name and article citation at the end of this section.
Physical appearance of LED:
LED is tow terminal electronic component. If you look closely thenyou will see that one lead is longer than another led. The longerlead is known as anode or positive lead and the shorter lead iscathode (denoted by K) or negative
In the Figure the electrical symbol of LED is shown. The Coloremitted by a LED depends on which material has been used tomake that LED not on the casing color of the LED.
Basic Circuit to Drive LED:
Here is a circuit to drive LED. Never connect a LED directly across avoltage source (e.g. A battery). Always design a circuit so thatmaximum 20mA current flows through the LED. But it can be(10mA to 20mA). More than 25 mA current for
willburn out the LED.
LED in Series:
Two or more LED can be connected in series a shown in thefollowing circuit schematic. Here set the value of the resistor insuch that current does not exceed maximum value of the LED.
Md. Mahbub Hasan, EEE-061017, Tanvir Hussain, EEE-061049.