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Anatomia Del Craneo1

Anatomia Del Craneo1

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11/14/2013

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ANATOMY OF THE SKULL
DR RAFAEL MARTINEZ JAIRO G UNIVERSITY OF MAGDALENA

SKULL BONE
The skeleton of skull and face protects the brain and its annexes, houses the or
gans of sense, and supports the organs of respiration and mastication.

Human Anatomy. Latarjet - Ruiz, Liard. Pag 63
SKULL BONE
Neurocranium The cranial vault of the skull base VICEROCRÃNEO The craniofacial
SKULL - Vision lower jaw was removed and the cervical spine

Neurocranium
The neurocranium has the appearance of a hollow ball, with the major axis direct
ed anteroposteriorly, and the bulky rear end. At its anterior pole attached pres
ents the bones of the face, and its rear edge resting on the spine by setting th
e craniovertebral joint.

Human Anatomy. GarcÍa-Porrero, Hurlé. McGraw Hill. Pag 51

Neurocranium
The bones of the braincase are called flat bones. Was covered by a thin perioste
um and upholstery inside the dura mater (meningeal membranes). They consist of t
wo sheets of compact bone tissue called outer and inner tables among which is a
layer of spongy tissue of variable thickness, called diploid.

Human Anatomy. Latarjet - Ruiz, Liard. Pag 65
8 bones of the head
Occipital frontal1111 ethmoid sphenoid two temporal parietal 2
22 bones of the skull

2 2 2 nasal maxillary zygomatic lacrimal 2 2 2 shells nasal palatine vomer a jaw

1
14 bones of the face
SKULL

Consisting of 22 bones, houses: - Brain - specialized sensory organs - Holes to
the respiratory and digestive tracts
BONES OF THE HEAD

IRREGULAR ROUTE AND SOME SHORT, HOLES (sinuses)
ALOJA
* * Sense organs respiratory and digestive * NERVOUS SYSTEM
Cavities
Ossification center
Ratio:

Neurocranium viscerocranium
Fontanelle
BACK (Mayor or Bregma) BACK (Minor or Lambda) Sphenoid mastoid
* Proportion of: Bone Development neurocranium viscerocranium *

TERMINOLOGY
Norma frontalis: Presents the front of the cranial vault and face. Norma occipit
alis: Rear view skull. Norma verticalis: Top view of the skull Norma basalis: Bo
ttom view of the skull without the l mandible. Norma lateralis: Side view of sku
ll.

PARTS OF THE SKULL
* Calvary or cranial vault. - Sinciput or shell: front and top of the skull. - A
nterior cranial fossa. - Cranial fossa media. - Posterior cranial fossa. - Holes
. * Cara

Neurocranium BONES

FRONT (os frontale; squama frontalis)
From the Latin fons, Fontis = source; squama = scale. It has an outline that bec
omes ossified pair in the second year of life. Frontal suture (suture frontalis;
metopic suture) is a single bone, medium-sized symmetrical occupying the front
of the skull.

FRONTAL BONE
Scale front. Fetuses and newborns in the two halves of the scale are separated b
y the frontal or metopic suture. Forms the roof of the orbit. Above the supraorb
ital margin is the brow. Glabella: between the superciliary ridges. Tubers front
: mild frontal bossing.

R. FRONT OF BONE N.

Frontal Bone in it are considered three faces and three edges: Anterior
- Frontal or metopic suture half - Eminence or front elevation or glabella - Emi
nence Front Side - superciliary ridges - Cresta front side

Frontal Bone Underside
- In the midline ethmoid notch - the nasal spine of frontal - On each side of th
e nasal orbital (pars orbitalis), roof of the orbits
Trochlear Fovea Fovea tear

Posterior Frontal Bone
- In the midline
The front crest blind hole (foramen caecum) The frontal recess

- The graves front, sides and top - The orbital eminences, down

Frontal Bone Anterior border
- In the midline nasal notch - orbital arches, punctuated by the supraorbital no
tches or holes

Top edge
- Quadrant, jagged, cut a bevel
Posterior edge
- Delgado interrupted cutting in the central part of the ethmoidal notch

Frontal bone Frontal sinus (sinus frontalis)
- Carved in bone thickness, a right and left are usually separated by a septum -
Drain through the meatus ethmoidal infundibulum half

Edge parietal

Eminence Front
Temporal edge
Hole Edge zygomatic process supraorbital supraorbital notch supraorbital glabell

aNasal spine

VISTA FRONTAL BONE anterolateral
VISTA FRONTAL BONE inferomedial
Cara superciliary arch orbital nasal spine
Trench Gl. pófisis lacrimal igomática
Sphenoid Edge
Ethmoid notch
Foramen cecum
Frontal crest
Frontal fossa crista galli apophysis cribriform plate
PARIETAL (os parietal)

From Latin paries, parietis = wall. It is the only bone that belongs exclusively to the vault of the skull (calvaria). West pair, above the temporal, frontal be hind and in front of occipital

Parietal Bone Face Shape quadrilateral outer (lateral)
- Eminence parietal - temporal lines

Inner (medial)
- Trench wall - "Fig leaf (middle meningeal a.) - pits for Paccioni corpuscles -
Hole parietal (Santorini vein)

Parietal bone Superior border
- Sagittal suture - Canal to the superior sagittal sinus
Lower Edge
- Parietotemporal suture
Anterior border
- Coronal suture
Posterior edge
- Lambdoid suture
Parietal bone anterior superior angle
- Networking with the front and the other parietal
Anteroinferior angle
- Coordination with the greater wing of sphenoid - Canal middle meningeal artery
Posterior angle
- Networking with the occipital and parietal other

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