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The skeleton of skull and face protects the brain and its annexes, houses the or
gans of sense, and supports the organs of respiration and mastication.
The neurocranium has the appearance of a hollow ball, with the major axis direct
ed anteroposteriorly, and the bulky rear end. At its anterior pole attached pres
ents the bones of the face, and its rear edge resting on the spine by setting th
e craniovertebral joint.
The bones of the braincase are called flat bones. Was covered by a thin perioste
um and upholstery inside the dura mater (meningeal membranes). They consist of t
wo sheets of compact bone tissue called outer and inner tables among which is a
layer of spongy tissue of variable thickness, called diploid.
Human Anatomy. Latarjet - Ruiz, Liard. Pag 65
8 bones of the head
Occipital frontal1111 ethmoid sphenoid two temporal parietal 2
22 bones of the skull
14 bones of the face
IRREGULAR ROUTE AND SOME SHORT, HOLES (sinuses)
* * Sense organs respiratory and digestive * NERVOUS SYSTEM
Norma frontalis: Presents the front of the cranial vault and face. Norma occipit
alis: Rear view skull. Norma verticalis: Top view of the skull Norma basalis: Bo
ttom view of the skull without the l mandible. Norma lateralis: Side view of sku
PARTS OF THE SKULL
* Calvary or cranial vault. - Sinciput or shell: front and top of the skull. - A
nterior cranial fossa. - Cranial fossa media. - Posterior cranial fossa. - Holes
. * Cara
FRONT (os frontale; squama frontalis)
From the Latin fons, Fontis = source; squama = scale. It has an outline that bec
omes ossified pair in the second year of life. Frontal suture (suture frontalis;
metopic suture) is a single bone, medium-sized symmetrical occupying the front
of the skull.
Scale front. Fetuses and newborns in the two halves of the scale are separated b
y the frontal or metopic suture. Forms the roof of the orbit. Above the supraorb
ital margin is the brow. Glabella: between the superciliary ridges. Tubers front
: mild frontal bossing.
Frontal Bone in it are considered three faces and three edges: Anterior
- Frontal or metopic suture half - Eminence or front elevation or glabella - Emi
nence Front Side - superciliary ridges - Cresta front side
Frontal Bone Underside
- In the midline ethmoid notch - the nasal spine of frontal - On each side of th
e nasal orbital (pars orbitalis), roof of the orbits
Trochlear Fovea Fovea tear
Posterior Frontal Bone
- In the midline
The front crest blind hole (foramen caecum) The frontal recess
Frontal Bone Anterior border
- In the midline nasal notch - orbital arches, punctuated by the supraorbital no
tches or holes
Frontal bone Frontal sinus (sinus frontalis)
- Carved in bone thickness, a right and left are usually separated by a septum -
Drain through the meatus ethmoidal infundibulum half
Hole Edge zygomatic process supraorbital supraorbital notch supraorbital glabell
VISTA FRONTAL BONE anterolateral
VISTA FRONTAL BONE inferomedial
Cara superciliary arch orbital nasal spine
Trench Gl. pÃ³fisis lacrimal igomÃ¡tica
Frontal fossa crista galli apophysis cribriform plate
PARIETAL (os parietal)
From Latin paries, parietis = wall. It is the only bone that belongs exclusively to the vault of the skull (calvaria). West pair, above the temporal, frontal be hind and in front of occipital
- Trench wall - "Fig leaf (middle meningeal a.) - pits for Paccioni corpuscles -
Hole parietal (Santorini vein)
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