LET THIS STATEMENT CAN SEE THE COMPONENTS USED TO MAKE MORE POWER PLANTS IN THE HOUSES. COMPONENTS BEFORE WE WILL SEE A BRIEF STATEMENT OF HOW TO GET ELECTRICIT Y TO OUR HOUSES FROM generated in power plants. I hope it will please everyone y ou, and which might be useful for a better understanding of the electrical equip ment. THANK YOU.
UMPTION VOLTAGE 220/380V 132/400KV
APPROACH TO THE CITIES 20/132KV
World Energy Production
Energy production in Spain
MAINS AND GENERAL PROTECTION FUND (C.G.P.)
MAINS link between the network and C.G.P.
C.G.P. 3 fuse box inside the entrance. Protect the line repartidora
GENERAL FUND PROTECTION
Centralization OF INDIVIDUAL METERS AND DERIVATIVES individual Derivation
Centralization of the counters in the building
Each house takes up a pass that goes to individual distribution of each box hous
Photo of a centralized accounting
In an electric circuit the current enters by a driver in black, brown or gray-ca
he green-yellow wire is grounded.
In another room
CIRCUITS IN THE INTERIOR OF THE HOUSE
Means specific parts of the circuit wiring. Minimum circuits are circuit lightin
Safe box room where we took all the cables for the installation of that room (ki
Line diagram INSTALLATION OF A DWELLING
Switchboard or protection
TABLE OF PROTECTION ELEMENTS mission is to protect the circuit overloads, short
circuits or indirect contact.
FUSE (not used for the distribution box)
BIPOLAR breaker (PIA)
Fuse short-circuit protection device that, if a current greater than the nominal , interrupts the passage of the same. Every time you cut the supply should be re placed by a new one. The PIAS are devices that protect equipment and drivers of short circuits and overloads. PIA install a circuit such that can withstand the intensity depends on the section of the circuit conductors. There PIAs 10A, 15A, 20A, 25A or 40A (depending on the maximum power to protect the circuit: P = VXI ). Exceeding the intensity of the PIA for this short circuit the power supply in the circuit it protects. (Eg if short).
Sections of the cables and intensities of PIAS on circuits and Difencial IGA: Se ction 6 of 25 mm2 and piano A. Lighting circuit: The circuit to which all device s are connected lamps for vivienda.La minimum section is 1.5 mm2, which correspo nds to an IAP of 10 A. Outlets Circuit (strength): The circuit to which are conn ected outlets. The minimum is 2.5 mm2, which corresponds to a PIA 15A. Other cir cuits (electrical stove, heating, air conditioning): The minimum is 4 mm2, which corresponds to a PIA 20A.
IGA Sometimes the first item in the box (after clearing ICP) is a PIA which cuts all circuits to activate. This PIA is called IGA (auto switch). Be calculated f or the total contracted power. P = P = VXI 3300w, I = 15A though as we usually p ut 20 or 25A
When it comes to a normal circuit, the current travels through the phase conduct
or to a device or lamp, and returns to the generator neutral. If during the jour
ney, the driver is injured in isolation and contact the metal casing of an appli
ance, it is put under stress, and if anyone touches it offers to the current sho
rtest path to deviate to the ground, producing a unloading on the person. The ea
rth is a cable (green / yellow) which directly links the device to the ground. H
igher conductivity when it (has less resistance than the human body), if current leakage,Âthis will go the grounding cable to a metal spear on the floor of the building by jumping the gap (if any) and protected from discharge for both the ground (TT) protects against indirect contact.
the function that is to disconnect the electrical system quickly when there is a
n earth leakage (for the metal housing of the washing machine for example), so t
hat the installation was disconnected before anyone touches the unit is faulty.
If someone touches an active part, the disconnect breaker installation in a time
short enough to not cause serious harm to the person. Sensitivity is the value
that appears in the catalog that identifies the model serves to differentiate th
e value of the stream to which it is to "jump" the gap, ie leakage current value
is reached if the installation , it turns off. The type of circuit breaker used
in homes is high sensitivity (30 mA), as are those who fall below the threshold
considered dangerous to the human body. The differential cut all installation (
I.C.P. (POWER CONTROL SWITCH) is the circuit breaker that puts the power company at the beginning of the wiring of each home, according to the power that the cu stomer has contracted. If we connect the power again contracted for the ICP jump cut the supply is a switch that is sealed to prevent it from being manipulated by anyone other than the utility company and separate from other components of t he box.
I.C.P. Precinct bipolar
The powers that can be hired for housing are: 3,3 Kw 5,5 Kw 8Kw
TABLE OF DISTRIBUTION OR PROTECTION host is in charge of all safety devices, pro
PIAS (SMALL BREAKER)
INTERIOR CONNECTIONS TO THE TABLE OF THE ELEMENTS ARE SHOWING THE NEXT FIGURE
ICP = Switch power control switch IGA = automatic differential switch ID = PIA =
Small circuit breaker
BIPOLAR PIAS (Cut Phase and neutral of the circuit)
LINES is the set of characteristics which runs the wiring of an electrical insta
AIR. RIGID PIPE
CORRUGATED FLEXIBLE TUBE
JUNCTION BOXES serve to accommodate the connection of the conductors of an elect
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