d States, before 50 years, projects were managed using mostly Gantt charts, andinformal techniques and tools. At that time, two mathematical project schedulingmodels were developed: 1) the "Program Evaluation and Review Technique" or PERT2, developed as part of the program Polaris missile submarine of the U.S. Navy's (in conjunction with the Lockheed Corporation) , and 2) "Critical Path Method"(CPM) developed jointly by DuPont Corporation and Remington Rand Corporation for managing plant maintenance projects. These mathematical techniques quickly spread into many businesses. In 1969, the Project Management Institute (PMI3) was formed to serve the interest of the project management. The premise of PMI is that the tools and techniques of project management are common even among the widespread application of projects from the software industry to the construction industry. In 1981,directors of PMI authorized the development of what became a guideto the projects' Project Management Body of Knowledge'4 containing the standards and guidelines of practices that are widely used throughout the profession.February 1 March 4http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/EAP http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Program_Evaluation _and_Review_Technique http://www.pmi.org http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/PMBOK page5Project management in practiceAlthough not realize we are all the time planning. Planning is part of human existence, any plans, see: Crossing the street requires planning? Take bus requiresplanning? Flirting requires planning? Whether you are a rational being, you plan, or happen to cross the street without paying attention to sign, or not assessthe distance and speed of cars? You take any bus? And when it comes to flirting, enough anyway, or would rather watch and see how it goes "get along"? We are constantly evaluating the risk, and assess risk means assessing the risks and chances. Despite the name assess risk means evaluating the odds. We are constantlyevaluating the various factors in our decision making, flirting evaluated in thecontext, people who are close to our "victim". After trying and usually a signthat serves to probe our chances. If all goes well we tried a direct approach. See what it is in our DNA, we are beings planners, when we fail to plan what we do for pure free will, or at worst by sheer immaturity, ignorance or limitations.Children under ten years can not evaluate variable factors such as speed and distance of cars, so it should never cross the street alone, but act so immature.A visually impaired, can not take a bus alone because he has physical limitations that prevent you from doing this alone. An illiterate also can not distinguishtwo bus lines of the same transport company because you lack knowledge to identify the numerical symbols that represent each line, but still manage to get around this limitation decorating the numerical symbol that represents the bus line.Page 6Anatomy of a ProjectTo explain a little more about projects and project management, we make an analogy using the example of the didactic activity of catching the bus. Answer a fewquestions: Do you get any bus? If the bus is crowded you expect next? The moneyis exchanged? Separated? Where there is more chance of having a free place? My point is coming, I need to head to the exit? Probably you do not catch any bus, coach decides to take a function of several variables such as: Which coaches getdepends on the path, can go where you want to only have a bus route or it may bethat nearly all spend on your destination. If you are a person with habits próativos5 should be with enough time to call is egaraoseudestinoat OHORI river will be programmed and can afford to wait for more empty buses pass. Who uses the money to pay the passage, usually have the money exchanged hands, and pay separatelyfor the passage thus prevents the queue becomes "bottled" waiting for you to pay, and does not usually draw attention to the money you have in your wallet.