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Handout of Project Management

Handout of Project Management

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Published by: 4gen_0 on Jul 08, 2010
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Project ManagementApplied to the WebTeacherJoao Carlos Caribecaribe@entropia.blog.brIntroductionHistory of Project Management45Project management in practiceAnatomy of a ProjectControllable and uncontrollable variablesPredictable or controllable variablesUnpredictable or uncontrollable variablesJune 78August 8The variables in the triangle of project managementTime or deadlineCostScope or context99 September 9Critical PathRelationships between tasks1010Contingency planPareto Principle1112Stages of a projectCycle of monitoring and control1213Approaches to project managementTraditional ApproachAgile software developmentSCRUMCharacteristics of Scrum Product backlog and sprint backlogPlanning sprintScrum simplifiedSome characteristics of Scrum 1313 15 15 1617 17 17 18Scheduling daily discussionsSolo Scrum18 18Knowledge management in project management19
Mind Maps19Available TechnologiesFor use in computerMicrosoft ProjectSerena Open Project202020 20For online useSerena On Demand ProjectsdotProject2020 20Assistive technologiesMindmeister2020IntroductionProject management or project management is the application of knowledge, skillsand techniques in the development of activities related to achieving a set of predefined goals. The knowledge and practice of project management are best described in terms of its component processes. These processes can be classified intofive process groups (initiating, planning, execution, controlling and closing)and nine knowledge areas (project integration management, project scope management, time management of projects, project cost management , quality management ofprojects, human resources management project, project communications management, risk management and project management of procurement projects). Reduced to its simplest form, project management is the discipline to keep the risks of failure as low as necessary during the life cycle of the project. The risk of failureincreases with the presence of uncertainty during all stages of the project. One point of view alternative says that project management is the discipline to set and achieve goals at the same time that optimizes the use of resources (time,money, people, space, etc.). Project management is often the responsibility of an individual entitled project manager. Ideally, this individual seldom participates directly in the activities that produce the final result. Instead, the project manager works to maintain the progress and mutual interaction of the variousparticipants in the progressive development in order to reduce the risk of project failure.Page 4History of Project ManagementAs a discipline, project management was developed from several different application fields, including construction, mechanical engineering, military projects,etc.. In the United States, the forefather of project management is Henry Gantt,called the father of techniques of planning and control, which is known for hisuse of the 'bar' as a project management tool, to be an associate the theoriesof Frederick Winslow Taylor's scientific management, and for his work study andmanagement of Navy ship building. His work is the precursor to many tools of modern project management, such as the WBS (work breakdown structure) or EAP1 (workbreakdown structure) and resource allocation work.Gantt chartThe '50s marked the beginning of the modern project management. Again, the Unite
d States, before 50 years, projects were managed using mostly Gantt charts, andinformal techniques and tools. At that time, two mathematical project schedulingmodels were developed: 1) the "Program Evaluation and Review Technique" or PERT2, developed as part of the program Polaris missile submarine of the U.S. Navy's (in conjunction with the Lockheed Corporation) , and 2) "Critical Path Method"(CPM) developed jointly by DuPont Corporation and Remington Rand Corporation for managing plant maintenance projects. These mathematical techniques quickly spread into many businesses. In 1969, the Project Management Institute (PMI3) was formed to serve the interest of the project management. The premise of PMI is that the tools and techniques of project management are common even among the widespread application of projects from the software industry to the construction industry. In 1981,€directors of PMI authorized the development of what became a guideto the projects' Project Management Body of Knowledge'4 containing the standards and guidelines of practices that are widely used throughout the profession.February 1 March 4http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/EAP http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Program_Evaluation _and_Review_Technique http://www.pmi.org http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/PMBOK page5Project management in practiceAlthough not realize we are all the time planning. Planning is part of human existence, any plans, see: Crossing the street requires planning? Take bus requiresplanning? Flirting requires planning? Whether you are a rational being, you plan, or happen to cross the street without paying attention to sign, or not assessthe distance and speed of cars? You take any bus? And when it comes to flirting, enough anyway, or would rather watch and see how it goes "get along"? We are constantly evaluating the risk, and assess risk means assessing the risks and chances. Despite the name assess risk means evaluating the odds. We are constantlyevaluating the various factors in our decision making, flirting evaluated in thecontext, people who are close to our "victim". After trying and usually a signthat serves to probe our chances. If all goes well we tried a direct approach. See what it is in our DNA, we are beings planners, when we fail to plan what we do for pure free will, or at worst by sheer immaturity, ignorance or limitations.Children under ten years can not evaluate variable factors such as speed and distance of cars, so it should never cross the street alone, but act so immature.A visually impaired, can not take a bus alone because he has physical limitations that prevent you from doing this alone. An illiterate also can not distinguishtwo bus lines of the same transport company because you lack knowledge to identify the numerical symbols that represent each line, but still manage to get around this limitation decorating the numerical symbol that represents the bus line.Page 6Anatomy of a ProjectTo explain a little more about projects and project management, we make an analogy using the example of the didactic activity of catching the bus. Answer a fewquestions: Do you get any bus? If the bus is crowded you expect next? The moneyis exchanged? Separated? Where there is more chance of having a free place? My point is coming, I need to head to the exit? Probably you do not catch any bus, coach decides to take a function of several variables such as: Which coaches getdepends on the path, can go where you want to only have a bus route or it may bethat nearly all spend on your destination. If you are a person with habits próativos5 should be with enough time to call is egaraoseudestinoat OHORI river will be programmed and can afford to wait for more empty buses pass. Who uses the money to pay the passage, usually have the money exchanged hands, and pay separatelyfor the passage thus prevents the queue becomes "bottled" waiting for you to pay, and does not usually draw attention to the money you have in your wallet.

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