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Free GIS

Free GIS

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11/14/2013

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8POTENTIAL SOLUTIONS TO COVER FREE SIG NEEDS OF MUNICIPAL MANAGEMENT IN MEDIUM AN

D SMALL TOWN HALLS
José Carlos Martínez Llario
Doctors Officials Professor Department of Cartographic Engineering, Geodesy and
Photogrammetry. E.T.S.I. Geodesy, Cartography and Surveying, Polytechnic Univers
ity of Valencia

Eloina Coll Aliaga
Doctors Officials Professor Department of Cartographic Engineering, Geodesy and
Photogrammetry. E.T.S.I. Geodesy, Cartography and Surveying, Polytechnic Univers
ity of Valencia

Jesus Irigoyen Gaztelumendi
Doctors Officials Professor Department of Cartographic Engineering, Geodesy and
Photogrammetry. E.T.S.I. Geodesy, Cartography and Surveying, Polytechnic Univers
ity of Valencia

1White
8POTENTIAL SOLUTIONS TO COVER FREE SIG NEEDS OF MUNICIPAL MANAGEMENT IN MEDIUM AN
D SMALL TOWN HALLS

1. INTRODUCTION
In recent decades, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) have evolved rapidly. Th
ey have gone from being a very specific tools in the hands of a few experts to b
e one of the foundations of any rigorous spatial analysis. GIS software is of fu
ndamental importance in any process and geographical analysis and calculation of
these tools should be developed from different points of view. In this regard,
as well as proprietary software, are developing GIS Free. This kind of software
plays an important role in the advancement of GIS technology, by encouraging the
development of experimental applications and provides access to GIS technology
to users who are unable or unwilling to resort to proprietary software. Free Sof
tware represents a revolution in the way they are designed the current software.
This kind of software places no limits on creativity or ingenuity of the potent
ial user. Furthermore, this software will always be cheaper than proprietary sof
tware. The GNU General Public License provides full freedom of use to the user.
The only restrictions imposed by this license protects the inputs from different
users from its possible use in proprietary software. GIS users need to develop
their skills according to their needs. That is why the idea of open source GIS i
s so necessary. These studies are included within the preliminary work done in t
he first phase of the research project SIGMUN, BIA2003-07 914 Project funded by
the Ministry of Science and Technology and FEDER funds, project described in mor
e detail in the paper presented at this conference with the title "Pilot study o
f municipal needs for the implementation of a geographic information system for
municipal management in medium and small municipalities." In this research proje
ct has made a study of the needs for the implementation of a GIS in medium and s
mall municipalities, as discussed in this project one of the agents involved in
the solution model are development companies that create software custom GIS app
lications for local councils: "These companies are now able to find solutions to
municipal management through user-friendly GIS tools at low cost and adaptable
to the particular needs of each municipality. Many municipalities have receptive
to the advantages of these herramientas.Constituyen, therefore, many customers
who implement and maintain GIS software updated with new versions of operating s
ystems or new technical developments. Logically, these companies have to charge
their service creation, development and customization of software as well as the
implementation and adaptation to each particular case. It is necessary that a b

ody such as the councils are in charge of focusing on this type of projects invo lving municipalities. The cost of software and their adaptation to each case sho uld be borne by the councils themselves. " This is the point where it enters our proposal to use free GIS software. This licensing costs would disappear, leavin g only the responsibility of the Provincial upgrade, customization, enhancement, and support of software used by municipalities. In this article we will describ e several GIS products GPL (General Public Licence). The aim of this study is to show the different alternatives available in the GIS world free€although altern atives are going to mold by a specific software actually represent different blo cks according to the methodology you wish to use to meet the needs of the user o f the product.

28, 29, September 30 and October 1 / 2004
e-Cooperation in Public Administration
38José Carlos Martínez Llario, Eloina Coll Aliaga, Jesús Irigoyen Gaztelumendi

These blocks would be defined by the following features: • A block A which repre sents large consolidated programs in the GIS market, but its use by the end user presents difficulties because among other reasons the austere interface used by the software. In this block describe the GRASS program originally developed by the USA-CERL (U.S. Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratories). GRASS O fficial Website: http://grass.itc.it/index.html • A block B represents a model p rogram with a much nicer interface and easy to use but is not as established in the market nor does it have functionality as varied as the programs of the first block. The software described in this block is the JUMP program in which they h ave participated among others Vivid Solutions group. JUMP Official Website: http ://www.jump-project.org/ • A block C which represents perhaps the most advanced technological solution. In this part describe the software that implements a Pos tGIS spatial database on the System Database Manager (DBMS) PostgreSQL. In contr ast, this solution has the great inconvenience of not presenting a graphical inp ut or editing of spatial data. PostGIS has been developed by refractions Researc h Inc as a research project database technologies in open source. PostGIS Offici al Website: http://postgis.refractions.net/ The two blocks below do not represen t a complete GIS software as above, but a development library (Openmap), and a m ap server (MapServer), these blocks have been treated more briefly in this artic le. • A block which represents D programming libraries through which you can imp lement a GIS itself. This option is what makes the programmer more freedom to me et the needs of the municipalities but also that more work is involved. This blo ck will comment on the library Openmap version released as open source Java impl ementation in 1998 and in whose creation involved the group BBN Technologies. Op enmap Official Website: http://openmap.bbn.com/ • Finally, we describe a block E which includes solutions in the field of mapping servers, with the aim of publi shing the map content on the Internet by construction of different types of disp lays that are integrated within the browser. This block is represented by the ma p server MapServer was originally developed by the University of Minnesota. Offi cial Website: http://mapserver.gis.umn.edu/index.html

2. GRASS
2.1. DESCRIPTION AND CAPABILITIES GRASS (Geographical Resources Analysis Support
System) is a GIS with raster and vector capabilities. It also has integrated da
ta visualization and image processing.

428, 29, September 30 and October 1 / 2004

e-Cooperation in Public Administration
8POTENTIAL SOLUTIONS TO COVER FREE SIG NEEDS OF MUNICIPAL MANAGEMENT IN MEDIUM AN
D SMALL TOWN HALLS

GRASS contains over 350 modules for management, processing, analysis and visuali zation of georeferenced data. GRASS is GNU GPL since 1999. This license protects GRASS contributors over the use of their contributions to project owners who do not provide free access to source code. The GPL ensures that all code released based on GPL code only can be published at the same time under the GPL. GRASS is available via the Internet and CD-ROM as a precompiled binary versions for vari ous UNIX platforms, Mac OS X and MS-Windows. In addition to the binaries, we can obtain the full source code in C. The GPL GRASS provides the status of Free Sof tware and protects its authors may offer commercial services related to GRASS an d are welcome by both the developers and the user community. GRASS GIS is a modu lar data organized as raster, vector and points. GRASS provides a variety of too ls to classify it as a high performance GIS.€The following summarizes the main f eatures of GRASS: - Integration of spatial data - data processing raster - vecto r data processing - Processing of data points - Image Processing - Visualization - Modeling and Simulations - Support for temporal data - 3D Data Processing - L inks to other tools in GRASS version 5.0 has limited support for 3D and temporal data, however, the experimental version 5.7 (version 5.7.0 has been released re cently in June 2004) is being designed as a complete 3D GIS with support for 3D raster, 3D vector data and 3D data points. GRASS supports the import, export to popular formats both raster and vector. 2.2. USER INTERFACE GRASS Although opera ting systems can run under Windows NT, 2000 or XP (using cygwin, a Linux environ ment for Windows), to ensure proper operation it is advisable to use the GNU / L inux. Each capacity or functionality of GRASS is materialized by the correspondi ng command in console mode, which is a handicap for the end user and even more b ut has knowledge of LINUX. While it is true that we have implemented a windowing environment with TCL / TK no longer a compromise and does not offer the potenti al of using a GUI (Graphical User Interface) such as GNOME or KDE.

28, 29, September 30 and October 1 / 2004
e-Cooperation in Public Administration
58José Carlos Martínez Llario, Eloina Coll Aliaga, Jesús Irigoyen Gaztelumendi

2.3. SOURCE CODE PROGRAMMING AND GRASS code is available to the entire community in C. Although the code is well documented, presents difficulties of organizati on and complexity to a language not using object-oriented programming (OOP), as the developer meets hundreds of methods with their arguments and requires a long learning period to get started in programming environment. The source code can be obtained from current CVS (Concurrent Versions System) that provides a networ k transparent to the source control for groups of developers. In version 5.7, st ill under development, is significantly improved as a new library of vector geom etry, external format support without conversion, support for PostGIS, improving the spatial indexing, storing attributes in a DBMS, new graphical interface, et c..

3. JUMP
3.1. DESCRIPTION AND CAPABILITIES The JUMP project (Unified Mapping Platform) is
an application based on a graphical user interface (GUI) to display and process
spatial data. It includes many of the most common functions used in GIS. JUMP i

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