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Local Network Design

Local Network Design

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Published by: 4gen_3 on Jul 08, 2010
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Computer Networks
This material belongs to Carlos A. Majer, University Professor of Information Te

chnology and Superior Teaching Specialist University of São Paulo City - UNICID

Use License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Enabled t he Derivative Works 2.5 Brazil. To view a copy of this license, visit http://cre ativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/2.5/br/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 55 9 Nathan Abbott Way, Stanford, California 94305, USA. This means that you can co py, distribute and make derivative works of this work with the following restric tions: -

You should always refer to the author (ie, I) You may not use this work for ille
gal, immoral or so to denigrate or harm other people or institutions.
For more information send an email to or cmajer@uol.com.br cmajer@ig.com.br.
If you believe this material has helped you, please e-mail of thanks. This is en
ough to motivate me to continue developing this type of material and make it ava
ilable to the public. If you notice any errors or have any suggestions, feel fre
e to contact me. Please contact if you need this material in Word for supporting
their students in developing their projects.

Introduction Numerous benefits can be checked in using a local network, includin g: Resource Sharing Centralizing Information Access Control Centralized Facility Backup Facility routines routines routines contingency Ease of integration and consolidation of information for small businesses often create a network means i nstalling a hub or switch in one of the dependencies of an office and stick your network cables, connecting their equipment to then configure the operating syst em of computers to share resources. The aim of this paper is to extrapolate this simple model of the network and give you an idea of how to create a larger netw ork design for a company whose equipment is located on several floors in one bui lding. This network design should be used as a standard for future subsidiaries of the company, providing a structure in a three-storey building. It must be cre ated by providing the company's growth, so that future organizational units (hea dquarters and branches) can communicate. Project Structure The project will be s tructured as follows: 1. Purpose and Scope 2. Project - Network LAN a. B. Brief Description Technologies Used c. Logic Diagram d. Topology Diagram o o o e. Wiri ng Diagram - 1, 2 and 3 Floors f. Definition Cabling 3. Map of Banda - 4 IP addr esses. Forecast Cost a. B. Definition of Equipment C. Definition of Material Man power d. Budget Summary 5. Router Configuration Prof. Carlos Majer Page 1

Computer Networks

Step 1 - Defining the Purpose and Scope This item should give a clear view of th e design and scope to be achieved. It should be noted that in some cases the ult imate goal may be greater than the specific project, so that it becomes a step i n the ultimate goal. Example: -

1. Purpose and Scope
Objective This project envisages the creation of a network model for data commun
ication between different organizational units of the company through the use of
technology industry standards, considering the cost-effectiveness, security and
company growth. Scope in this proposal include the creation of the project netw
ork (LAN), its complete documentation, configuring routers, firewall installatio
n and functional testing, installation, labeling and certification of structured

Premises (under the responsibility of the contractor): ⢠Electrical installation
s appropriate (sockets, earthing, lightning, etc). ⢠Installation of channel w /
passage of cabling ⢠Required Software properly installed and functional networ
k administrator or technical personnel qualified to setup the software and suppo
rt in testing the operation of the network.
Note that although the project is the creation of a model of communication betwe
en headquarters and subsidiaries, the scope defines the creation of a local netw
ork. This means that a job will be done initially but located so that the compan
y is already prepared for future growth.

Step 2 - LAN Network Project In this step, we entered into certain details perta ining to operational part, ie in relation to technology, geographical dispositio n (internal) company, films, etc.. First, we make a description of the company a nd its functional distribution.

a) Brief Description
This network design will be used as standard for the creation of new regional ne
tworks and revision of existing ones. The functional profile of each region is c
omposed of approximately 28 employees, distributed in 2 floors with about 3 450m
. It is important to provide the basis to project referencing the concepts or pa
tterns that will be used.

b) Technologies Used
Basically it will use the standard OSI model for operation of local networks. Am
ong the materials and equipment will be used Category 5 UTP cable for connecting

the equipment, Cisco equipment and TCP / IP.
Prof. Carlos Majer
Page 2
Computer Networks

In this model, we consider the use of cabling to each floor of the building (hor izontal cabling) that connects to the backbone (cabling central). On each floor there will be a HCC (Horizontal cross-connect = Horizontal Cross-Connect), which is a room into which all cables from the floor, connecting the network devices to a patch panel, which will be connected to the central backbone. In the centra l floor of the building will have a MCC (Main cross-connect Cross-Connect = Main ), which acts as a central point of the network in a format of a star. Topology Diagram In each HCC will use a switch to center devices on the floor. These swit ches will be connected to a central switch that will check the destination of pa ckets and if necessary will forward the packets to the router that will make ext ernal access (Internet, WAN). The network will be segmented into sub-networks in order to group the same level of devices to restrict unauthorized access and se gment the collision domain of the packets in transit on the network. The company 's servers are directly connected to the MCC in order to provide a layer of shar ed access to various network devices.

Wiring diagram of the distribution 1. Prof Storey. Carlos Majer Page 3
Computer Networks
It is interesting to create a sketch containing the locations of points of netwo

rk hydraulic structure and physical division of the company. In this design sket
ches were created for all floors. In this sketch made available to the cable net
work showing the devices they connect and identify each of the cables, extra poi
nts and loose ends (reserve). Distribution 2. Floor

Prof. Carlos Majer
Page 4
Computer Networks

Sometimes, determining the number of cables for a given area can be a complicate
d task. In this project, we consider an extra point (network) for each set of th
ree devices (computers, networking equipment, etc.), and a cable for each bookin
g two extra points. In a room with two devices, the rule is to have an extra poi
nt and an extra cable. By pulling network cables, be careful to identify them be
fore. In this project, we used the following nomenclature identifying NXX / PMM
/ ZZZ, where: N = Destination Port Equipment XX = P = Point of Destination / Sou
rce Port No. = MM Dot / Source Port = ZZZ Place of Origin Distribution of 3. Flo

Definition Cabling
Relate this information by developing a spreadsheet that contains connection and
Point Source, Connection Point and Destination, Location, cable ID, Film and St
atus. Used CAT-5e Cable - UTP and distributed to points across the channel. Tota
l Points: 66 total footage of cable used: 2374 mts cable (8 boxes of 300 mts).
Origin Destination Port Connection Point 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Connecting Superv. Commer
cial Point Cape Extra Extra Assistant Superv. Commercial Door Extra Extra Point
Cape Point P32 P33 P34 P35 P36 P37 P38 Location first. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. AndarAn
darAndarAndarAndarAndarAndarSala Room Room Room Room Room Room4444 3 3 3 ID
Cape 2HA/P32/S4 3HA/P33/S4 4HA/P34/S4 5HA/P35/S4 6HA/P36/S3 7HA/P37/S3 8HA/P38 /
Film Cape S3 27 23 27 22 34 30 34 Status Not used Not operational use In use In
use Not used Not operational

Prof. Carlos Majer
Page 5

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Assistant Su
perv. Commercial Point Cape Extra Extra Assistant Superv. Commercial Point Cape
Extra Extra Extra Assistant Receptionist Point Cape Point Security Extra Extra E
xtra Cable HCC-HCC-B-C HCC Server - Print Server - SAP Server - File Server - Bu
s Router Point Extra Extra Extra Point Cape Point March 2 Destination Port 4 5 6
7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Connection Superv. Logistics
Assistant Cape Point Extra Extra Extra Extra Point Wizard Cape Superv. Financia
l Assistant Cape Point Extra Extra Superv. Extra Point Marketing first. Extra se
cond promoter Cape. Promoter third. Promoter Extra Point 4. Promoter fifth. Prom
oter 6. Promoter 7. Promoter 8.€Promoter Destination Connection Regional Manage
r Cape Point Extra Extra Extra Extra Point Cape Assistant Secretary Cape Point E
xtra Extra Point Door Supervisor IT P9 P10 P11 P12 P13 P14 P15 P16 P17 P18 P19 P
20 P21 P22 P23 P24 P25 P26 P27 P28 P29 P30 P31 Location 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2.
2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. 2. Floor Floor Floor Floor Floor Floor
Floor Floor Floor Floor Floor Floor Floor Floor Floor Floor Floor Floor Floor F
loor Floor Floor Floor----------------------- Sala Sala S
ala Sala Room Room Room Room Room Room Room Room Room Room Room Room Room Room R

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