Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Cholesterol - good explicadinho

Cholesterol - good explicadinho

Ratings: (0)|Views: 0|Likes:
Published by 4gen_4

More info:

Published by: 4gen_4 on Jul 08, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as TXT, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/12/2014

pdf

text

original

Co ro l east Iss What is it?
XWe work for life
What is Cholesterol?
Cholesterol is a fat found only in animalsImportant in Life:
Structure of the human body (cells) Growth Production Reproduction of vi
tD
But excess in the blood can be fatal!
We work for life
Where to find the Cholesterol?

Sources of Cholesterol
Made in the body:
primarily by the liver

Food:
Animal foods that have cholesterol:Red meat, butter, cheese, poultry skin

Intestine
We work for life
LDL
XHDL

We work for life
The good and bad cholesterol
Water (blood) and fat (cholesterol) do not mix
Cholesterol is transported in the blood to organs and liver by lipoproteins

LDL (bad cholesterol) at high levels can adhere to artery walls obstructing the passage of blood and clog arteries and cause atherosclerosis, especially in the heart HDL C (good cholesterol) is the cholesterol that helps remove LDL-C in t he body. Its excess protects the heart arteries but its lack is also bad for the body

We work for life
Cholesterol - Silent Enemy
Normally High Cholesterol does not cause symptoms in most people.cholestero

l levels high for a long time resulting in atherosclerosis (disease of the arter ies) that leads to heart attacks and strokes. In some people high cholesterol produces some signs called xanthomas and xanthelasma.

We work for life
Triglycerides
They are an important energy reserve of the body.
They are fats that are elevated in the blood after eating fatty foods.Their
levels are also increased and along with the harmful LDL-C increase the risk of
coronary disease.
We work for life
Leading causes of death worldwide
+We work for life
What is Atherosclerosis?
Is the fat deposits on artery walls, which over time leads to the formation of
a plaque that hampers the passage of blood can lead to a blockage at the site.
This obstruction leads to decreased blood flow to organs with serious conseque

nces for the heart and brain
We work for life
Consequences of Atherosclerosis

Heart:
Angina: chest pain from lack of blood and oxygen Infarction: Death of a piec
e of the heart muscle, for complete lack of circulation and oxygenation at the s
ite
Brain:
Spill or ischemic stroke: Death of part of brain tissue by complete lack of ci

rculation and oxygenation at the site. Spill or hemorrhagic stroke: The place to form the atherosclerotic plaque can result in a disruption of the vessel in t he brain, causing interruption of blood flow and death of brain tissue at the si te.

We work for life
Atherosclerosis is a disease that has many causes and begins in childhood
Atherosclerosis begins in childhood and usually will show up after 55 years of

age in men and 65 women, however, can get ahead! Factors that help in the devel
opment of atherosclerosis • LDL (bad cholesterol high)
• HDL (good cholesterol below) • Older age • Inactivity

• Smoking
• High blood pressure • Diabetes • Obesity
We work for life

The sum of the risk factors multiply the risk of Coronary Heart Disease
Incidence of CHD per 1000 people
USA - 1984

200 160 120 80 60 0
Risk Factors:
- Smoking - High Cholesterol - Hypertension
6X More
No
One factor Two factors All three factors
Source - Department of Health of the United States of America. We work for life
Why control the risk factors?

Control cholesterol = - 33% of heart attack risk - 25% risk of death - 20% ris

k of stroke. Control of blood pressure = 15% of heart attack risk - 42% risk o f stroke Stop smoking = - 50% of heart attack risk - 70% risk of death. Lose weight and exercise = - 25% risk of diabetes Important: who has diabetes has

a risk about four times more likely to die of cardiovascular disease.
We work for life
Progression and Impact of Cardiovascular Disease
Clinical Consequences:
Angina
Myocardial Infarction
Left Ventricular Hypertrophy
Heart Failure
AVC
Renal
Peripheral Vascular Disease
We work for life
Is it possible to adequately prevent atherosclerosis?

To prevent atherosclerosis is necessary to identify who is at risk of having t

his disease. This is very easy, just a doctor's appointment, For the patient 's history and physical examination and simple blood tests can make the diagnosi s and assess the risk of atherosclerosis

We work for life
Who is at risk for myocardial infarction and death from heart disease?
Anyone who has had stroke, obstruction of arteries in the legs or who are diab

etic aorta Who has high cholesterol who already had heart attacks, angina, made of bypass surgery or angioplasty Who is familiar with infarction or sudd en death

Sedentary, overweight, smoker
We work for life
Why is it important to Reduce High Cholesterol

10% reduction
15% reduction in CHD
11% reduction in mortality
We work for life
Treatment goals

Prevent Coronary Heart Disease Mortality Prevent Preventing Complications:
Infarction, Stroke, Impotence, angina (chest pain)
Improving quality of life.see their grandchildren grow.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->