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Romanesque and Gothic Art

Romanesque and Gothic Art

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Published by: 4gen_7 on Jul 09, 2010
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11/14/2013

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Alternative Education Project Citizen - Professor Cássia Silveira Text 14 - Rom
anesque and Gothic Art

Table comparing and Romanesque styles Gótico1: Season Features Local Structure Plan constructions Facade Decoration Internal Painting Sculpture Grounds Grounds sociological philosophical Grounds of Religious Romance XI-XII centuries, until the thirteenth in Italy and Spain. Southern Europe: places with plenty of stone and strong natural light. Shaped cruciform (cross shaped) horizontally, compact ness; buildings were called "strongholds of God." Canopy crib, thick pillars, wa lls wide. Architectural elements (columns, arches, ribs etc) and mural painting. Integrated architecture. Two-dimensional (only in two dimensions) geometry. Ass ociated with the fief-clericalism. Augustinian Neoplatonism. Symbolism. Middle o f XII century Gothic to the late fifteenth century. Northern Europe: places with a lot of limestone, little light, but with stained glass timber to blow. Crucif orm Verticality, lightness, presence of "shrine". Ogival vault. Stained glass. A utonomous art. By the twelfth century Romanesque to prey, then start of Naturali sm in Italy (Giotto). Associated with the development of urban segments. Scholas tic Aristotelianism. Naturalism.

Figures illustrating the above characteristics: cruciform plan:
Pisa Cathedral: its plant has shape of a cross. Romanesque style.
1Table extracted from the book JUNIOR, Hilary Franco. Ages: birth of the West. SÃ

£o Paulo: Brasiliense, 2001.
Horizontal facade:
Cathedral of Pisa: Looking to build out, we realized that it "spreads" the land

horizontally. Romanesque style.
Church of Santa Maria de Ripoll: just as the Cathedral of Pisa, presented horizo

ntally.
Vertical facade:
Chartres Cathedral: unlike the Cathedral of Pisa and the Church of Santa Maria d

e Ripoll, this cathedral was built with vertical structure, as if he could "reac

h God". Gothic style.
Inside the Cathedral of Chartres. Also notice the vertical. Gothic style.
Compactness:
Murbach Abbey: the building has no lightness, it is compact and heavy. Romanesqu

e style. So this style was built known as "Fort God."
Lightness:
Siena Cathedral: the Gothic buildings, unlike in the Romanesque style, the struc

ture has lightness, as if, once again, could reach the heavens. Remember the "sa

nd castles." Gothic.
Reliquary:
Gothic Reliquary of 1426: part where the relics were kept.
Barrel vault:

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