1 .- What is AutoCad?
AutoCad is a program of computer-aided design (CAD). A CAD program is a powerful
tool that allows us to draw and design by the computer using a series of comman
ds. Some of the most notable applications of AutoCad in their volume of use are:
and 3D. design changes. Delineation of the designs created. Calculation of physical properties of the elements. Generation Computer graphics and photo realistic images marketing
2 .- Coordinates
The AutoCAD drawing area can be regarded as a role with infinite dimensions in w
hich we find an origin of coordinates. We can introduce the coordinates of four
y. Are the distances to the point of origin for the x (horizontal) and y (verti cal). Relative or incremental Cartesian coordinates: the coordinates x, y are in troduced relating to the last point marked by prepending the @ symbol. (@ X, y) absolute polar coordinates: the distance from point indicate the origin of coord inates and angles formed by the positive X-axis with the line joining the point with the origin. Are introduced in the form module and argument separated by the symbol <. (30 <45) on polar coordinates or incremental: they are more used than before. Coordinates are marked on the last point, putting the @ symbol. (@ 60 < 90)
1Teacher: Laura Lopez Garcia UNIT 1 .- Drawing Exercise: Draw the line joining po
,20) and point B are (50.40).
TECHNOLOGY - 2 º ESO AUTOCAD PRACTICES
Exercise: Draw the segment AB knowing the absolute Cartesian coordinates of poin
dinates, Cartesian and polar on incremental.
4 .- Review of orders
2Teacher: Laura Lopez Garcia UNIT 1 .- Drawing
We review, then a series of orders that have been used when drawing the icon of the previous year: Delete: serves to delete objects in the drawing. Once we ente red the order requested to check the objects to be removed. There are three type s of designations: manual, window capture. Moves: Used to move or transport enti ties. After executing the command and designated entities to move, AutoCad ask u s a base point or displacement and the end point of displacement.
5 .- Order "circle"
This is the command that you use AutoCad to draw circles. There are the followin
TECHNOLOGY - 2 º ESO AUTOCAD PRACTICES
3Point TTR: two objects are requested and then the tangency radius of the circle
Command is widely used as adjunct to mark or reference. Exercise: Locate on the
6 .- Order "zoom"
This command lets you enlarge or reduce areas of drawing, or drawing in its enti
rety. Consider the following options:
7 .- Order "grid"
This command creates an array of benchmarks that extends to the limits of the dr
awing set with the command "limits." The options are: range (x), ACT, DES, Forzc
4Teacher: Laura Lopez Garcia UNIT 1 .- Drawing
8.- Order "forzcoor"
Generates an invisible grid whose step will set the cursor movement. (Note the w
indow coordinates) Exercise: Draw only half of the house from previous years usi
ng only the mouse and helping the orders "forzcoor" and "grid." It must take int
o account all necessary coordinates are multiples of 10.
9 .- Order "symmetry"
Generates a mirror image of a group of entities. Entities are selected and then
two points which form the axis of symmetry. AutoCad Then ask if you want to dele
te the objects reflected. Exercise: Using the symmetry order to complete the hou
se last year.
10 .- Order "refent"
Allows you to enter coordinates referring them to other entities and drawn point
s: an intersection, a tangent to two arcs, the center of a circle or arc, etc. T
he most important are:
FIN: choose the closest endpoint of an entity INT: Select the intersecting point where two entities. MED: select the midpoint of an entity. PER: select a point that is perpendicular to the last point made regarding the entity of which it fo rms part.
5Teacher: Laura Lopez Garcia UNIT 1 .- Drawing
11 .- Order "ortho"
The cursor will move in all directions, but when drawing entities will only be d
rawn horizontally or vertically, or orthogonal. The option to enable drawing ACT
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