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AutoCAD

AutoCAD

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Teacher: Laura Lopez Garcia UNIT 1 .- Drawing
TECHNOLOGY - 2 º ESO AUTOCAD PRACTICES

1 .- What is AutoCad?
AutoCad is a program of computer-aided design (CAD). A CAD program is a powerful
tool that allows us to draw and design by the computer using a series of comman
ds. Some of the most notable applications of AutoCad in their volume of use are:

Delineation comfortable, accurate and fast. technical project design in 2D

and 3D. design changes. Delineation of the designs created. Calculation of physical properties of the elements. Generation Computer graphics and photo realistic images marketing

2 .- Coordinates
The AutoCAD drawing area can be regarded as a role with infinite dimensions in w
hich we find an origin of coordinates. We can introduce the coordinates of four
ways:

Absolute Cartesian coordinates: separated by commas are inserted in the order x,

y. Are the distances to the point of origin for the x (horizontal) and y (verti cal). Relative or incremental Cartesian coordinates: the coordinates x, y are in troduced relating to the last point marked by prepending the @ symbol. (@ X, y) absolute polar coordinates: the distance from point indicate the origin of coord inates and angles formed by the positive X-axis with the line joining the point with the origin. Are introduced in the form module and argument separated by the symbol <. (30 <45) on polar coordinates or incremental: they are more used than before. Coordinates are marked on the last point, putting the @ symbol. (@ 60 < 90)

3 .- Order "Line"
The command "line" allows us to draw a segment indicated the coordinates of the

endpoints.
Autocad Practices
Page:
1Teacher: Laura Lopez Garcia UNIT 1 .- Drawing Exercise: Draw the line joining po

ints A and B, knowing that the absolute Cartesian coordinates of point A are (10

,20) and point B are (50.40).
TECHNOLOGY - 2 º ESO AUTOCAD PRACTICES
Exercise: Draw the segment AB knowing the absolute Cartesian coordinates of poin

t A are (20,20) and point B is 40 units from point A in the direction of axis x
and 30 units in the y-axis (Cartesian coordinates on .)
Exercise: Draw the segment AB is 50 units and which is inclined 45 degrees, know
ing that the absolute Cartesian coordinates of point A are (20,20).
Exercise: Develop the following drawing of a house using absolute Cartesian coor

dinates, Cartesian and polar on incremental.
4 .- Review of orders
Autocad Practices
Page:
2Teacher: Laura Lopez Garcia UNIT 1 .- Drawing

TECHNOLOGY - 2 º ESO AUTOCAD PRACTICES

We review, then a series of orders that have been used when drawing the icon of the previous year: Delete: serves to delete objects in the drawing. Once we ente red the order requested to check the objects to be removed. There are three type s of designations: manual, window capture. Moves: Used to move or transport enti ties. After executing the command and designated entities to move, AutoCad ask u s a base point or displacement and the end point of displacement.

Exercise: Perform the following drawing of a table combining Cartesian and polar
coordinates, both absolute and relative terms.

5 .- Order "circle"
This is the command that you use AutoCad to draw circles. There are the followin
g:

CEN, RAD <for defecto> Page:
Autocad Practices
3Teacher: Laura Lopez Garcia UNIT 1 .- Drawing

TECHNOLOGY - 2 º ESO AUTOCAD PRACTICES
3Point TTR: two objects are requested and then the tangency radius of the circle
Command is widely used as adjunct to mark or reference. Exercise: Locate on the

above drawing of the house three circular windows in the coordinates indicated.
Exercise: draw the figure on the left using the three methods allows us to draw
a circle.

6 .- Order "zoom"
This command lets you enlarge or reduce areas of drawing, or drawing in its enti
rety. Consider the following options:

Window: designating a display window by two points (the corners) and displayed a
s framed by that window. Previous: restores the previous view. All: adjusts the
window size to the limits of your drawing.

7 .- Order "grid"
This command creates an array of benchmarks that extends to the limits of the dr
awing set with the command "limits." The options are: range (x), ACT, DES, Forzc
oor, Appearance.

Autocad Practices
Page:
4Teacher: Laura Lopez Garcia UNIT 1 .- Drawing

TECHNOLOGY - 2 º ESO AUTOCAD PRACTICES

8.- Order "forzcoor"
Generates an invisible grid whose step will set the cursor movement. (Note the w
indow coordinates) Exercise: Draw only half of the house from previous years usi
ng only the mouse and helping the orders "forzcoor" and "grid." It must take int
o account all necessary coordinates are multiples of 10.

9 .- Order "symmetry"
Generates a mirror image of a group of entities. Entities are selected and then
two points which form the axis of symmetry. AutoCad Then ask if you want to dele
te the objects reflected. Exercise: Using the symmetry order to complete the hou
se last year.

10 .- Order "refent"
Allows you to enter coordinates referring them to other entities and drawn point
s: an intersection, a tangent to two arcs, the center of a circle or arc, etc. T
he most important are:

FIN: choose the closest endpoint of an entity INT: Select the intersecting point where two entities. MED: select the midpoint of an entity. PER: select a point that is perpendicular to the last point made regarding the entity of which it fo rms part.

Reference modes can be used at the time that we request any point.
Exercise: draw a triangle with sides 40, 50 and 60 units respectively. Think how
you would perform with a ruler and compass (you must use circles and entity ref

erences).
Autocad Practices
Page:
5Teacher: Laura Lopez Garcia UNIT 1 .- Drawing

TECHNOLOGY - 2 º ESO AUTOCAD PRACTICES

11 .- Order "ortho"
The cursor will move in all directions, but when drawing entities will only be d
rawn horizontally or vertically, or orthogonal. The option to enable drawing ACT

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