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Threaded

Threaded

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Published by: 4gen_7 on Jul 09, 2010
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11/14/2013

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MECHANICAL TECHNOLOGY
THREAD AND BOLTS

Threaded
Threaded elements are used extensively in the manufacture of almost all engineer
ing designs. The screws provide a relatively quick and easy to hold together two
parts and to exert a force that can be used to adjust inserts. DEFINITIONS OF T
HE TERMINOLOGY OF THREAD

Thread: is a continuous thread of uniform section, coiled like an ellipse on the outer and inner surface of a cylinder. External thread: a thread on the outer s urface of a cylinder. Internal Thread: thread is carved on the inside of a piece , such as a nut. Inside diameter: the largest diameter of an internal or externa l threads. Core diameter: the smaller diameter of an internal or external thread s. Diameter on the flanks (or half) is the diameter of an imaginary cylinder pas sing through the fillet at the point where the width of these is equal to the sp ace between them. Step: is the distance between successive crests of two fillets . The distance from a point on a steak to the corresponding point on the fillet adjacent measured parallel to the axis. Preview: is the distance that would adva nce the screw on the nut in a rotation. For a single threaded screw advancement is equal to the step, to a double screw, progress is twice the step, and so on.

MECHANICAL AREA RAGGIO
Page 1 of 10
TECHNICAL SCHOOLS
MECHANICAL TECHNOLOGY
THREAD AND BOLTS
RULES AND STANDARDS standards bodies in the table presented below shows the stan

dards bodies of various nations. Abbreviation NORMA UNE ISO DIN NF GOST standard s body BSI USASI UNI International Organization for Standardization. Streamlinin g and Standardization Institute. German Standards Committee. Soviet National Sta ndards Body. French Standards Association. English Standards Institute. Italian National Agency of Unification. Standards Institute for American.

PAIS International Germany Russia England France Spain Italy America

REPRESENTATION, annotations and STANDARD PARTS DESIGNATION The vast diversity of mechanisms and machines in general, a large number of accessory parts that comp ose them have shapes and dimensions and a predetermined set of rules, ie, they a re standard parts. In general, the use of standard parts is greatly facilitated the work of drawing, as using this type of piece, we avoid having to make corres ponding shop drawings. These rules specify: shape, dimensions, tolerances, mater ials, and other technical characteristics. DESIGNATION OF THE SCREWS Basically, the designation of a screw includes the following information: type of screw acc ording to the shape of his head, description of the thread, length and standard that defines it. These data can be added others, relating to material strength, precision, etc. Example: Hexagon screw M20 x 2 x 60 x 8.8 960.mg DIN To analyze each element to see that. a) Title or name: Screw Hexagonal b) Designation of Th read: M20 x 2 c) Shaft length: 60 d) To: Heads in dish-shaped knob

MECHANICAL AREA RAGGIO
Page 2 of 10

TECHNICAL SCHOOLS
MECHANICAL TECHNOLOGY
THREAD AND BOLTS

e) Standard that specifies the shape and characteristics of the screw: DIN 960 f ) mg: Implementation and measurement accuracy g) 8.8: kind of resistance or mech anical properties. Length involved in the description is as follows: 1. 2. In ge neral, the relevant length corresponds to the total length of the stem. To end w ith lug bolts, the relevant length includes the length of the pin. 3. For counte rsunk screws, the length shown is the total length of the screw.

Ldd
LLdDESIGNATION OF THE THREAD. The designation or nomenclature of the thread is to i

dentify the main elements involved in the manufacture of a particular thread, it is through his representative and indicating the point size of outer diameter a nd pitch. The latter is indicated directly in millimeters for the metric, while the unified thread Witworth is indicated by the number of existing threads withi n an inch. For example, the screw M 3.5 x 0.6 indicates a normal metric 3.5 mm o uter diameter with a pitch of 0.6 mm. The thread W 3 / 4''- 10 is equivalent to a normal Witworth thread 3 / 4 inch outside diameter and 10 threads per inch.€Th e designation of the threads and Unified Do differently: For example a classific ation in a plane normal workshop could be: 1 / 4-28 UNF - 3B - LH And the examin ation of each element must be: 1 / 4 inch is the nominal diameter of the thread. 28 is the number of threads per inch. UNF is the number of threads, in this cas e unified fine. 3B: 3 indicates the setting (the ratio between internal and exte rnal threads when assembled), B indicates an inner nut. An A indicates an extern al nut. LH indicates that the thread is left. (When no indication is assumed tha t the thread is right) The following table provides information to recognize the type of thread through its lyrics feature, listed most of the threads used in m echanical engineering

MECHANICAL AREA RAGGIO
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TECHNICAL SCHOOLS
MECHANICAL TECHNOLOGY
THREAD AND BOLTS

Tapping SimbolossSímbolos usual common name American Petroleum Institute Associa tion British International Standards Organisation Edison Screw Thread Thread bik e round fillet steaks trapesoidales Thread Thread Whitworth pipe thread passing armored normal fine pitch thread Thread Whitworth Whitworth Whitworth thread cyl indrical pipe thread Metric Thread Metric normal gait paso fino American Thread Unified p. Unified Thread normal American p. American Unified Fine Thread Thread p.exrafino American Cylindrical Tapered Pipe Thread Pipe Thread American Americ an American Thread Cylindrical special steps "dryseal" American Pipe Tapered Thr

ead "dryseal" API pipe Rd Tr BA CE ISO PG BSPT BSW BSF BSP UNC MM UNS UNF UNEF S

PL NPSF NPT NPTF
Other
Pr W KR R SI SIF NC, NF USS, SAE NEF ASTP NS

With respect to the direction of rotation, in the designation indicates "left" i f a thread of meaning left, nothing is indicated if the right sense. Similarly, if you have more than one entry indicates "2 ent" or "3 ent." If not indicated a nything about it, it underlies this is a thread of a entry and right forward dir ection. In American-made threads, add more symbols to report the degree of fit a nd treatments may create a thread with non-standard dimensions, but it is always advisable to use standard threads to acquire hardware, and facilitate the locat ion of the spare parts. The manufacture and machining of special parts increases the cost of any design, therefore recommend the use of the pieces are in place. Thread Thread Types V-Acute applies where the subject is important or friction fit, as in precision instruments, but their use is now rare.

P 60 °
P/2

MECHANICAL AREA RAGGIO
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TECHNICAL SCHOOLS
0.87 P
MECHANICAL TECHNOLOGY
THREAD AND BOLTS
Rounded Screw caps are used for bottles and bulbs, which do not require much str

ength, it is quite appropriate when the threads are to be cast or rolled metal s
heet P.
P/2R=P/4
P/2
This American National Unified thread form is the standard base of the threads i
n the U.S., Canada and Britain.
P 60 °
P/8
P/2

Square thread This thread can transmit all the forces in the direction almost pa rallel to the axis, sometimes changes the way giving you a square fillet taper o r slope of 5 ° to the sides.

PP/2PP/2P/2
MECHANICAL AREA RAGGIO

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