Laboratory reports of 07/03/2007 and 28/03/2007 Course Physics Iprof. GerbaldoTHE SIMPLE PENDULUM1. Report Camillo Stefanucci. Bachelor in Engineering Physics
OBJECTIVES OF EXPERIENCE IN LABORATORYThe two laboratory experiments proposed to study the motion of simple pendulum in accordance with the classical mechanics to achieve basically two distinct conclusions: - A review of theoretical law for small angles of oscillation to obtainan approximately correct value of the acceleration of gravity. - The test of proportionality between period and length in order to gain experience from a physical law. - Statistical analysis of data through charts and error evaluation.
MATERIAL form of usage- Pendulum simple: it consists of a nylon thread tied to a stable with adjustable height to which end is connected to a metal ball. - Stopwatch Digital Timer used to determine the period of the pendulum, electronic and handy with differentkeys and with a precision of 0.001 s. - Size: instrument to measure small lengthmeasurements with a precision of 0.02 mm (as indicated by the manufacturer) - Measuring tape: very common meter used to measure various lengths which has an accuracy of 1 mm.
DESCRIPTION OF EXPERIENCEThe laboratory experience consisted of several stages in making measurements with instruments at the disposal and reprocessing both physical and statistical analysis. 1) Measuring the length of the pendulum The first steps taken in the laboratory were conducted on spherical mass at the end of this wire (which we consider rigid and inextensible to meet the standards of classical mechanics) to determine the size and consequently the total length of the the pendulum. Through thegauge has been given an estimate of the diameter of the mass trying to be as accurate as possible in the center of the end2. Report Camillo Stefanucci. Bachelor in Engineering Physicsinstrument in the middle of the sphere. Repeating this delicate operation two tothree times has led to a measure that has been reported in the table on page (7) with its error in this case represents the uncertainty of the instrument used.In addition to the diameter you need to know but also the length h of the nylonthread used. Since in this case a considerable one-dimensional object is to usetape. Placing one end of the meter on the bottom of the support to which was attached the wire (binding point of the pendulum so simple question) and the otherend on top of the ground (where they ended the line) is drawn with its length uncertainty (larger than the first due to a less sensitive) after several measurements (3-4) trying to keep the meter as close as possible to the wire taut. Unfortunately, the total length of the physical system can be determined experimentally only through the sum of these two measurements that is within + wire becausewe realized that the wire is not exactly related to the ball but a pin whose size can not be neglected. That had to be calculated using the gauge again and this time whereas the vertical distance ball pin + denote by p. This measurement allows us to find the length of the physical law taken into account considering the length of wire, that of the pin and the radius of the mass as follows:A small note that will be refined below the choice to consider as the distance from binding to the center of mass, this is not a case because the mechanically simple pendulum should have a material point to its end and not a physical body.2) Measurement of the oscillation period of the next step is to measure the period of oscillation of the pendulum. For this we used the digital clock at our disposal and we characterized their times measured are given in the table on page (