n When infected people for the first time?
Tn How can someone get?
n the '90s began to see people with a hitherto unknown disease, which is called "variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease" for his resemblance to her. In 1996 the Brit ish health minister acknowledged that there were 10 patients with this variant, and could be related to the cows.
n How does the old in the wholesomeness of the meat?
An information produced by
El consumption risk increases with age of animals. In Spain, 85% of the meat cons
umed comes from young cattle between 6 and 18 months (in Galicia between 7 and 1 0 months), which are those with less risk. It is recommended to take meat from y oung individuals.
n What are the symptoms?
a new disease in humans is a "variant of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease." The old Cre
utzfeldt-Jakob disease affects one person per million and listed 55 to 65 years.
Start with nervous symptoms such as difficulty sleeping, problems with vision,
uncoordinated movements, and causes death within a year. The new variant, associ
ated with the bovine disease, differs in that it can occur at younger ages from
15 years and the symptoms are psychiatric in nature (depression, dementia, etc).
Since the individual is infected until the disease manifests itself may take mo
re than six years. For now there is no treatment.
n What parts of the cow are dangerous?
n What other products are at risk?
EHo know that the infectious agent (prion) was transmitted from cows to people (ev
en been isolated) and the need for a minimum amount of prions that infection suc
cess. It is believed that the disease had been transmitted through food, but is
not fully demonstrated. In fact, not be explained with a single reason the sprea
d of all those who have fallen ill. There is more prevalent in persons working w
ith animals (farmers, 13 veterinarians, butchers). Not Yet demostra12, 3 do that
blood is one route of infection among persons 12.2 12.1.
11.23 11.22 11.21 11.1 11.1 11.21 11.22 11.23 12 13.11 13.12 13.13 13.2 13.31 13
l 64% of an adult animal prions are found in the brain (brains). The spinal cord , which runs inside the backbone, contains 25.6%. Ganglia that are located near the spine, intestines, eyes, tonsils, spleen, kidneys, liver, lung, pancreas, pl acenta, lymph nodes and add the rest. The direct consumption of these tissues or foods made from them can spread the disease. Other organs and tissues have a ne
gligible infectivity. In muscles, for example, no infectivity has been detected, not even if you want on the tongue and other muscles of the head. Nor has it be en found in milk, semen and saliva.
destroyed during preparation. Materials of bovine origin used in hamburgers, ho t dogs, sausages, ready meals and frozen. Also in the preparation of some medici nes, cosmetics and sweets in these cases, even when prions might exist in the ra w material should be destroyed in the process.
The human protein that can become a prion is determined by a gene located on chr
at first epidemic of mad cow disease appeared in Britain in 1984 and has affecte d more than 180,000 animals. The British did not take action to protect consumer s until the end of 1989, so for about six years, the population was exposed to i nfectious agents. For more risk, are fond of eating meat
adult bull and cow, unlike the Spanish who prefer beef. The second outbreak appe ared between 1989 and 1991 in Switzerland, Ireland, Portugal and France, IRELAND 1989 counted in each country more than 120 cases (some patients exceeds 500 ani mals). It has been shown that arose from the use of imported feed was contaminat ed.
2000 GERMANY LUX. SWITZERLAND 1997 1990
BELGIUM FRANCE 1997 1993
Tll have the protein that can become a prion, but there is a genetic component th
at causes resistance or sensitivity and is involved in disease progression. In s heep, the resistant individuals lengthen the incubation period to the point that the disease may never occur,Âeven if they are infected. The considerable short
ening the incubation time to get sick in a year.
DESIGN AND LAYOUT
CoruÃ±a Science Museums
n How did the evil mad cow disease?
At December 31, 2000
n Why sick cows are older?
Thousands of head
8000 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0
E870 000 6.089 million
sta cow disease affects adults of any race or sex. It has been diagnosed primari ly among those dedicated to dairy production and to a lesser extent, to the meat . The incubation period, since the animal becomes infected until the disease man ifests itself, is about four years. So usually occurs in animals older than thre e years but exceptionally can anticipate them. The clinical course, which happen s in about two months, is progressive, irreversible and leads to death.
as investigations found that the cattle had been infected by feeding, and that i ts appearance was related to a change in the manufacture of feed were made of bo nes and remains of terrestrial animals. By 1981-82 it had sought savings in prod uction, reducing the temperature and time were subjected to animal remains. In B ritain it is common as scrapie and do not have the custom of eating lamb brains, they ended in the flours. The change meant that infectious agents were not dest royed and contaminated feed.
Transformation of the prion protein to its infectious form
East December 2000, the Science Museum opened a hotline to accommodate the concer
ns and concerns of citizens about the evil of mad cow disease. During the week r emained active were received about 300 calls. Most were related to food issues, sensitive animals and routes of infection. This is what you can now respond.
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