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Tim Ah

Tim Ah

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Published by Fatin 안으로
Additional Mathematics Final Project
Additional Mathematics Final Project

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Published by: Fatin 안으로 on Jul 10, 2010
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10/25/2012

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PROJECT WORK 
INTRODUCTION
The students taking Additional Mathematics are required to carry out a project work while weare in Form 5.This year the Curriculum Development Division, Ministry of Education has prepared four tasks for us. We are to choose and complete only ONE task based on our area of interest. This project can be done in groups or individually, and I gladly choose to do thisindividually. Upon completion of the Additional Mathematics Project Work, we are to gainvaluable experiences and able to :
Apply and adapt a variety of problem solving strategies to solve routine and nonroutine problems
Experience classroom environments which are challenging, interesting andmeaningful and hence improve their thinking skills
Experience classroom environments where knowledge and skills are applied inmeaningful ways in solving real-life problems.
Experience classroom environments where expressing ones mathematical thinking,reasoning and communication are highly encouraged and expected
Experience a classroom environment that stimulates and enhances effective learning.
Acquire effective mathematical communication through oral and writing, and to usethe language of mathematics to express mathematical ideas correctlyand precisely
Enhance acquisition of mathematical knowledge and skills through problem-solving inways that increase interest and confidence
Prepare ourselves for the demand of our future undertakings and in workplace
Realise that mathematics is an important and powerful tool in solving real-life problems and hence develop positive attitude towards mathematics
Train ourselves not only to be independent learners but also to collaborate, to cooperate, and to share knowledge in an engaging and healthyenvironment
Use technology especially the ICT appropriately andeffectively
Train ourselves to appreciate the intrinsic values of mathematics and to becomemore creative and innovative
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PROJECT WORK 
APPRECIATION
 
Alhamdulillah, thank you to Allah for giving the will to me to complete this Additional Mathematics project. Secondly, I would like to thank the principle of Sekolah Menengah All Saint, Datin LornaMatthews for giving me the permission to do my this Additional Mathematics Project Work. I also liketo thank my Additional Mathematics teacher, Teacher Bala for the guide and giving useful andimportant information for me to complete this project work. Besides that, I would like to thank my parents for their support and encouragement. Lastly, a special thanks to all my friends for their help andcooperation in searching for information and completing this project work.
A BRIEF HISTORY OF STATISTICS
By the 18th century, the term "statistics" designated the systematic collection of demographic and economic data by states. In the early 19th century, the meaning of "statistics" broadened, then including the discipline concerned with the collection, summary, and analysis of data. Today statistics is widely employed in government, business, and all the sciences. Electronic
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PROJECT WORK 
computers have expedited statistical computation, and have allowed statisticians to develop"computer-intensive" methods.The term "mathematical statistics" designates the mathematical theories of probability andstatistical inference, which are used in statistical practice. The relation between statistics and probability theory developed rather late, however. In the 19th century, statistics increasingly used probability theory, whose initial results were found in the17th and 18th centuries, particularly inthe analysis of games of chance (gambling). By 1800, astronomy used probability models andstatistical theories, particularly the method of least squares, which was invented by Legendre andGauss. Early probability theory and statistics was systematized and extended by Laplace;following Laplace, probability and statistics have been in continual development. In the 19thcentury, social scientists used statistical reasoning and probability models to advance the newsciences of experimental psychology and sociology; physical scientists used statistical reasoningand probability models to advance the new sciences of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics.The development of statistical reasoning was closely associated with the development of inductivelogic and the scientific method. Statistics is not a field of mathematics but an autonomousmathematical science, like computer science or operations research. Unlike mathematics, statisticshad its origins in public administration and maintains a special concern with demography andeconomics. Being concerned with the scientific method and inductive logic, statistical theory hasclose association with the philosophy of science; with its emphasis on learning from data andmaking best predictions, statistics has great overlap with the decision science andmicroeconomics. With its concerns with data, statistics has overlap with information science andcomputer science.
STATISTICS TODAY
During the 20th century, the creation of precise instruments for agricultural research, public healthconcerns (epidemiology, biostatistics, etc.), industrial quality control, and economic and social purposes (unemployment rate,econometry, etc.) necessitated substantial advances in statistical practices.
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