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RECOMMENDATIONS FOR GAUSHALA AND OTHER ORGANIZED MILK PRODUCERS - Naresh Kadyan

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR GAUSHALA AND OTHER ORGANIZED MILK PRODUCERS - Naresh Kadyan

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Published by Naresh Kadyan
This Indian Standard was adopted by the Indian Standards Institution on 31
December, 1986, after the draft finalized by the Animal Structures and Equipment
Sectional Committee had been approved by the Agricultural and Food Products
Division Council.
This Indian Standard was adopted by the Indian Standards Institution on 31
December, 1986, after the draft finalized by the Animal Structures and Equipment
Sectional Committee had been approved by the Agricultural and Food Products
Division Council.

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Published by: Naresh Kadyan on Jul 10, 2010
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IS: 11942 – 1986
Indian Standard 
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR
GAUSHALA
ANDOTHER ORGANIZED MILK PRODUCERS
0. FOREWORD0.1
This Indian Standard was adopted by the Indian Standards Institution on 31December, 1986, after the draft finalized by the Animal Structures and EquipmentSectional Committee had been approved by the Agricultural and Food ProductsDivision Council.
0.2
Proper housing is an important feature in raising the production capabilitiesof animals, in addition to good breeding, feeding, selection and disease control. Itis conducive to good health, comfort and protection from inclement weather and theanimals are capable of utilizing their genetic abilities and feed for optimumproduction.
0.3
Cattle raising and dairying is practised in the country by various interests.Generally these interests are: (a) an Average Farmer who has not more than a pair of 
 
bullocks and two or three milch animals with their calves; (b) rural MilkProducers normally having a total of about 20 animals including about 12 milchanimals, their followers and a pair of bullocks; (c)
gaushalas
and other organizedmilk producers; and (d) Large Dairy Farms.
0.4
This standard covers recommendations for shed for 
GAUSHALA
and other organized milk producers. It supersedes IS: 4466 (Part 3)-1968*, IS: 5605 (Part 3)-1970†, and IS: 8845 (Part 3)-1978‡. Since India’s climatic conditions, unlike mostof the principal dairy countries of the world, are very varied, hence shed of cattlewould also vary according to the climatic conditions prevailing in a particular region. In order to meet these varied requirements, wherever necessary specificrecommendation has been made for (a) plain areas with medium rainfall, (b) aridarea, (c) high altitude areas, and (d) heavy rainfall and high humidity areas.
1. SCOPE1.1
This standard recommends layout and constructional details of a cattleshed meant for 
GAUSHALA
and other organized milk producer.
2. TERMINOLOGY2.1
For the purpose of this standard, the following definitions shall apply.
2.1 Paddock or Yard
—An open area surrounded by walls, fences or rails for accommodating cattle. This area is meant to provide open air exercise to the
* Recommendations for farm cattle housing for plain areas with medium rainfall: Part 3 Farm cattlesheds for 
GAUSHALAS 
and other organized milk producers,† Recommendations for farm cattle housing for heavy rainfall and high humidity areas: Part 3 Farmcattle sheds for 
GAUSHALAS 
and other organized milk producers.‡ Recommendations for farm cattle housing for arid areas: Part 3 Farm cattle sheds for 
GAUSHALAS 
and other organized milk producers.
 
animals. It generally contains manger(s) or trough(s) with or without ties to controlanimals for different purposes.
2.2 Standing (Stall)
—The floor space provided within a shed for an individualanimal to stand or lie.
3. SELECTIONS OF SITE3.1
The shed shall be located on dry, elevated and well-drained area withconsideration for future expansion.
3.2
The shed shall preferably be located at a place where three are enoughsuitably placed trees to serve as wind-breaks and to provide shade. In order tobreak the wind it is recommended that a row of trees be also planted across thedirection of wind at the boundary of the farm.
Note
—In case there are no shaded trees on the site, these should be planted immediately keepinga minimum distance of 4 m from the shed.
3.3
The site shall be away from public road but easily accessible throughoutthe year.
3.4
The site shall be such that arrangement could be made for adequate andgood water supply.
3.5
The site shall be such that the long axis of the shed could be oriented eastto west in all areas except temperate Himalayan and hilly regions. In desert areas,the shed shall be oriented across the prevailing direction of the wind in order toprotect the roof from being blown off by high wind.
3.5.1
In coastal areas the shed shall be oriented along the prevailing winddirection in order to protect the roof from being blown off by high wind and atthe same time to provide sufficient air movement in the shed. In sub-mountainousregion, the buildings should be so sited as to avail of the natural aeration anddrying
4. HERD SIZE4.1
It is assumed that producers in this interest shall normally maintain a herdof about 130 animals consisting of 40 milch animals, 40 dry animals, two bulls,and the rest comprising followers, as also about three pairs of bullocks.
5. BUILDING UNITS5.1
The units should comprise sheds (
see
5.1.1) for housing different categoriesof animals and the necessary ancillary structures (
see
5.1.2) required for thisinterest.
5.1.1
Shed—Various types of sheds (
see
7) that are required under this interestare as follows:(a)Milch animals shed,(b)Dry animal shed,(c)Down-calver shed,(d)Sick-animal shed,
 
(e)Young stock shed,(f)Calf shed, and(g)Bull shed.
5.1.1.1
There shall be a paddock attached to each of the sheds.
5.1.2
The ancillary structures (
see
10) required under this interest shall be asfollows:(a)Milk collection, recording and testing room;(b)Utensils room;(c)Ration room;(d)Store;(e)Office room;(f)Fodder processing and storage room;(g)Trevis; and(h)Foot bath.
6. LAYOUT6.1
A typical layout comprising the various units is given in Fig. 1.
Note
—The layout with these units could be modified depending upon local conditions like shape,size and topography of available land, size of enterprises, finances, etc.
7. DESCRIPTION OF SHEDS7.1
 
Milch Animal Shed
—The standings of the milch animal shed shall be of a tail-to-tail system with a central passage. The length and width of the standingshall be decided according to the size of the animal and may vary from 1.5 to 1.7m in length and 1.0 to 1.2 m in width. In coastal region, sometimes buffaloes withspreading horns are found in that case width per animal may vary from 1.2 to1.3m.
7.1.1
The width of the central passage may be 1.8 m. The central passage shallbe sloped from the centre outwards towards drains. There shall be a drain on either side of the central passage.
7.1.2
There shall be two continuous mangers (
see
8.2) , one on each side in frontof the standings with a cross passage of one metre width at the end of every 8standings for easy movement.
7.1.3
There shall be pillars (
see
8.4) along with length of the sheds to supportthe beam of the roof. The roof of the shed shall be gabled
(see
8.6).
7.1.4
The shed may, if necessary, be extended to accommodate calving
(see
7.3)as also calves (
see
7.6).
7.2 Dry Animal Shed
—The standings of the shed shall be constructed on thehead-to-head system with a central manger and if in a single line, facing the wall(
see
Fig. 1). The length and width of each standing shall be in the same range asspecified for the milch animals (
see
7.1). There shall be a drain behind each lineof animals. There shall be pillars along the length of the sheds to support the beam

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