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BÖLGEDEKİ RUSYA

BÖLGEDEKİ RUSYA

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Published by Pınar ODABAŞI

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Published by: Pınar ODABAŞI on Jul 10, 2010
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03/02/2011

 
FÓEDJ@JIIJ VZW\A
RLKAV N@AFAśL -622= AVAELI,
VZW\A/DÕVGIJWPAK AVAWLK@A KJ NE@Z>
Flv lä wasaŞ neavai faŞea|ak djelŞojejv Vzw|a$kık Dõvglwpak$a dlvojwl|ej zezweavavawı fn|zp iaxak`ı sjIaciaweav$ı `õk|a dõk`jolk`j ók wıvaeava äıiavppı+Iaciaweav% 4 AĞzwpnw djgjwl Dõvglwpak$ık Dõkj| Nwjp|a$|a wae`ıvıwı|ea |jkl flv ivlxlk jŞlĞlkj dje`l+Vzw|a$kık fz mavjijpj gjsafı wjvp ne`z+ Vzw|a% Dõvglwpak$a sj `nea|eı neavai oõppjcliejvl Aojvlia FlvejŞli@jsejpejvl/IJwvale sj Asvzra FlvelĞl$kj iavŞı flv mavjiap faŞeappı+Pavlmwje flv `ókõo knipawı neavai a`eak`ıvıeak fz nrjvaw|nk% Wns|jp Wnw|aelwp Gzomzvl|jpejv FlvelĞl$klk1<4=$`jil Acdaklwpak oõ`amaejwlk`jk wnkva% Vzw|a$kık flv faŞia õeij|j iavŞı faŞeappıĞı lei wae`ıvı neoawıaäıwık`ak `a ókjo paŞı|nv`z+Vzw|a% flviaä dõk läjvlwlk`j Dõvgõ nv`zwzkz% Dõvglwpak pavacık`ak xzeoj zĞva`ıĞıka lkakıeak Dõkj|Nwjp|a$`ak äıiav`ı+ Õwpõkj õwpeõi Dõvglwpak pnrvaieavıka dlv`l% Dõvgõ awijvejvlklk fıvaiır iaäpıĞı wleam sjoõmlooapa je in|`z sj fzvaeav`ail awijvl aep|arı% õw sj `nkakoa|ı `a pamvlr jppl+ AF sj AF@$|j vaĞojk6: AĞzwpnw$pa `a Dõkj| Nwjp|a sj Afmax|a$kık faĞıowıxeıĞıkı pakı`ı+13 AĞzwpnw$pa waĞeakak apjŞijwj vaĞojk% AF@ sj KAPN$kzk Vzw|a$|ı lxnej jpoj äafaeavı% AF@$klkIava`jklx$j wasaŞ djolwl dók`jvojwl djvdlkelĞl pıvoak`ıv`ı+
VZW/DÕVGÕ WASAśLKLK KJ@JKEJVIJ
Fapı |akeıwı Dõvglwpak“ık @jsejp FaŞiakı Olmale WaaiaŞslel$klk dóvõkõv`jil mj`jcl% 1<<2$`ak fjvl |avıfaĞıowıx inkzo`a fzezkak sj Vzw|a$kık invzoawı aepık`a neak Dõkj| Nwjp|a sj Afmax|a õxjvlk`j DõvgõjdjojkelĞlkl |jkl`jk izvoaipı+ Fzk`a% 6224 Iawıo dówpjvlejvl|ej dõk |õxõkj äıiak Dõvgõ oleel|jpälelĞlklapjŞejoj sj `liiapejvl `ıŞ wnvzkeava äjioj äafaeavı `a vne n|ka`ı+Dõvglwpak @jsejp faŞiakı WaaiaŞslel% dõgõkõ AF@ sj KAPN$kzk Vzw|a iavŞıpı rnelpliawık`ak aeı|nv`z+1<<2$`ak fz |aka AF@$klk wl|awl aoaäeavea `jwpjiej`lĞl Faiõ/Plcelw/Gj|mak fnvz mappı Dõvglwpak$`akdjäl|nv+ Maxav$`ak djeojwl reakeakak KAFZGGN @nĞaedax fnvz mappıkık `a fzva`ak djäojwl reakeakı|nv+AF@% Dõvglwpak$ık KAPN$|a dlvojwl lälk jk fõ|õi `jwpjiäl inkzozk`a‣13 Pjoozx$`ak fjvl Dõvgõ nv`zwzkzk flk Aojvliak awijvl|ej flvelipj Dõkj| Nwjp|a$|a iavŞı awijvl papfliap`õxjkejojwl sj n dõk`jk fz |aka iõäõi äareı äapıŞoaeavık |aŞakı|nv neoawı% fz `zvzozk Vzw|a$|a|ókjeli õwpõ iaraeı flv wae`ıvı ne`zĞz clivlkl aiıeeava djplvl|nv+
 \AILK PAVIJMPJ VZW\A
1<<1$`j lälkj dlv`lĞl fzkaeıo`ak 6222$`j Sea`lolv Rzplk$ej flvelipj äıioa|a faŞea|ak Vzw|a% AF@$klkwıkıveavı äjsvjwlk`j nezŞpzv`zĞz izŞapoa rnelpliawık`ak vamapwıx+ Nvpa Aw|a Gzomzvl|jpejvlkj õwejv izvzeoawı% Ziva|ka% Dõvglwpak% Iıvdıxlwpak dlfl õeijejv`j vjkiel `jsvloejv% \zdnweas|a$kık fnofaeakoawı sjInwnsa$kık faĞıowıxeıĞıkı leak jpojwl% Rzplk$lk ne`ziäa |akiı fzeak &Izvp flv ijvj iacawıka in|ozŞ ilol|l|jgjĞlkl% djvlwl famakj+& Şjielk`jil Vzw apawóxõkõ wó|ejojwlkj kj`jk ne`z+Vzw|a$kık 1<<1$`j lälkj dlv`lĞl fzkaeıoık õxjvlkj flv `j kõczw ia|fı% fz wõvjäpjil AF@/AF sj LOC `jwpjielneldavieavga |õvõpõejk samŞl iarlpaelxo wnkzgzk`a pnrezowae waĞeıi wlwpjolklk äóiojwl% djklŞ maeiilpejejvlklk |niwzeeaŞoawı% õeij xjkdlkeliejvlkl jorjv|aelwpejvlk wóoõvojwl sj AL@W$lk |a|dıkeaŞoawı%Vzw|a$|ı fz dõäejvj iavŞı waszkoa rnelpliawı dõpoj|j% ijk`lkj wjorapl `z|ak äjsvj maeieavıkı`jwpjiejoj|j sj kjplgj`j faĞıowıxeıieavıkı pakı|avai fz maeieavı ijk`lkj faĞeaoa|a lpolŞplv+Vzw|a% mjo 1<<1/<< |ıeeavıka vawpea|ak Fnvlw \jepwlk `ókjolk`j% mjo `j Sea`lolv Rzplk `ókjolk`j AF@ sjnvpaieavıkık wóxõonka pjvóvj iavŞı rnelpliawıkı fjeel wıkıveav äjväjsjwlk`j `jwpjiej`l sj AF@$|j iavŞı|apıŞpıvoagı flv rnelplia lxej`l+
 
Fz `ókjo`j% AF@$klk Acdaklwpak sj Lvai lŞdaelkj% IJvak$a iavŞı Dõsjkeli inkwj|l pj`flvejvlkj% IJwvale$lkClelwplk$j iavŞı pjvóv j|ejoejvlkj pasıv aeoa`ıĞı dlfl IJwvale$lk Eõfkak$a wae`ıvıwıka `a wjw äıiavoa`ı+Põo fz |aŞakakeavık õwpõkj Dõvglwpak sj oõppjcliejvl|ej Vzw|a avawık`a |aŞakak wasaŞ% fz `ókjolkiarak`ıĞıkık sj Vzw|a$kık avpıi |jkl flv rnelplia lxejoj|j faŞea`ıĞıkık dówpjvdjwl ne`z+
WASAśLK WNKZÄEAVL
Fz wasaŞ wnkzgzk`a Vzw|a% paipliwje flv xacjv je`j jppl+ Vzw|a% AF@$klk Iaciaw|a õwwõ neak Dõvglwpak$aaĞıv ia|ıreav sjv`lv`l% Dõkj| Nwjp|a sj Afmax|a$kık faĞıowıxeıĞıkık |nezkz aäpı+AF@/KAPN pavacıka djäoj jĞlelolk`jil jwil Wns|jp Gzomzvl|jpejvlkj dóx `aĞı sjv`l+Vzw|a$|ı Iava`jklx$`jk apoa reakeavıkı fnŞa äıiavır% `nkakoawıkı Afmax|a sj Dõvglwpak eloakeavıka`jolvej`l% `nĞaedax sj Iaciaweav`ail dõgõkõ `j iakıpea`ı+
WASAśLK DJPIJV@IJIEJVIJ
Vzw|a$kık Dõkj| Nwjp|a sj Afmax|a$|ı `jwpjiej|jk kjp rnelpliawı|ea Dõvglwpak sj oõppjcliejvlklk iavŞıwık`a`zvoawı% Fapı$|ı sj `nea|ıwı|ea Põvil|j$|l fjiejoj`lĞl flv wjälo dlv`afık`a fıvaipı+Wns|jp xaoakık`ail flvelipjelĞl sj jkjvhl invl`nveavık`ail õwpõkeõkõ waĞeaoa aoagık`ail Vzw|a$kık%&Dõsjkeli invl`nvz& a`ı aepık`a Dõvglwpak$ık põo lejplŞlo aĞeavıkı lŞdae jpojwl pjwa`õc `jĞle`lv+Fapı% Nvpa Aw|a sj Iaciaweav$`a |jkl izvzeozŞ gzomzvl|jpejvl `jwpjiejojiej Vzw|a$kık jpilkeli rnelpliawıkaakea|ıŞea faioai avawık`a wjälo |aroai xnvzk`a iaeoıŞ sj fóeõkoõŞpõv+@nĞz Asvzra% IJwiak`lkas|a% Faepıi õeijejvl% IJkdlepjvj sj AF@% Vzw|a$|a iavŞı |arpıvıo rnelpliawıkıwaszkzvijk% Aeoak|a% Cvakwa% IJpae|a sj IJwrak|a% Vzw|a lej `l|aend wõvjglk`j ıwvav jpojipj`lv+
PÕVIIJ\J$KIJK PZPZOZ
Ivlx rapeai sjv`lĞlk`j FaŞfaiak Vjgjr Pa||lr Jv`nĞak sj@ıŞlŞejvl Faiakı Ael Fafagak paple`j|`l+Papleejvlkl |avı`a ijwlr Onwinsa$|a dl`jvijk AKA zäaĞık`aADIJP õ|jwl õeijejvlk `asjp j`lejgjĞl &Iaciaw IJwplivav sj IJŞflvelĞlReapcnvoz& ókjvlwlkl nvpa|a appıeav+Ivjoelk$`j FaŞiak Oj`sj`js% FaŞfaiak Rzplk sj @ıŞlŞejvlFaiakı Easvns lej dóvõŞjk Jv`nĞak sj Fafagak% IaciawReapcnvoz ókjvlwlkj nezoez pjril aeıkga fz `zvzoz põo `õk|a|anvpai flv fawık pnreakpıwı|ea `z|zv`z+Fz mafjvl `õk|a lej flvelipj aeak Põvil|j$klk jk |aiık oõppjclil AF@ pjril dówpjvwj `j Axjvfa|gak sjJvojklwpak xnv xaoak`a leaä dlfl djejk fz ókjvl|j `óvp jeej wavıe`ı+ Iaciaw Reapcnvoz$kz wnĞzi flv pasıveaiavŞıea|ak Dõvglwpak lwj Vzw awijvejvlklk wasaŞ ókgjwl `zvzoa djäojwl Şavpı|ea nezoez gjsar sjvjgjĞlklfle`lv`l+
ONKPVÓ AKPEAśOAWL DJVDIJKEIJěIJ
Pao fz jwka`a AF@ pnkahı |õiwji djolejvl Iava`jklx$j wnioa paejfl|ej djelkgj% Põvil|j Onkpvó akpeaŞoawıoa``jejvlkl kjp flv fläloj nvpa|a in|avai% fz oa``jejvlk `ıŞıka äıiıeaoa|agaĞıkı fjelvppl+ AF@ pnkahı `ama`õŞõi djolejvlk Iava`jklx$j djäojwlkj lika ne`z% akgai fz ijx `j Vzw|a% Õkeõ 3+ clenkzk wakgai djolwlOnzkpm Tlpkj|$lk djäoj paejflkj iavŞı äıipı+ Vzw|a$|a `a 6224 |ıeık`a fz djolklk papfliap lälk fnĞaxeav`akdjäplĞl mapıveapıeıkga wnvzk äóxõeoõŞ ne`z+Fz knipa`a Põvil|j$klk pasvı Vzw|a$`a nezoez flv klpjejoj|ej knp j`le`l+Akgai%Aojvlia$`ak djejflejgji |jkl paejrejvj iavŞı Põvil|j% iaäaiäıeıi% avaoa/izvpavoa sj äjsvj ilvelelĞl lejoõga`jej dóvjsejvl fzezkak Iava`jklx õeijejvlklk õ|j ne`zĞz &Iava`jklx Dõgõ&kõk pjvóvej oõga`jej dlflawijvl aeakeav`a `a jpilk neoawı lälk äaeıŞı|nv+
WLVA@A ZIVA\KA$KLK PZVZKGZ IAVAKCIJEEJVIJ OIJ SAV>
Dõkj| Nwjp|a ivlxl |õxõk`jk Dõvglwpak lej Vzw|a avawık`a rapeai sjvjk wasaŞ% Dõvglwpak$`ail &Ia`lcj Dõe&`jsvlolklk oloavı Olmale WaaiaŞslel$klk rvjwplhlkl |jvej flv j`jvijk% `óvp |ıe ókgj Fapı$|a |akaŞak Ziva|ka$kık
 
&Pzvzkgz Iavakcleejvl&kl `j izvzpoa|a faŞea`ı+Ziva|ka `jsvlolklk ókgõwõ sj @jsejp FaŞiakı Slipnv \zŞäjkin lej FaŞfaiak \zel|a PlonŞjkin avawık`ailakpeaŞoaxeıi% PlonŞjkin$kzk Vzw|a$|a |aieaŞoawı sj Onwinsa aej|mlk`j aäıieaoa |aroaoawı|ea ivlxj`ókõŞpõ+Ziva|ka lej |aŞakak `nĞaedax ivlxlk`j Vzw|a% AF$`j iıkakwa `a óxjeeliej Aeoak|a sj Cvakwa Onwinsa|akeıwı flv pzpzo paiıkavai% Ziva|ka$`a Aojvliak rnelpliaeavıkı `jwpjiejoj|jgjiejvl ojwahıkı sjv`l+Asvzra FlvelĞl @ıŞlŞejvl Faiakeavı% Vzw|a lej Dõvglwpak avawık`a nvpa|a äıiak ivlx maiiık`a zezweavavawıwnvzŞpzvoa aäıeoawı |ókõk`j äaĞvı`a fzezk`z+
 \A IAVAFAě>
1<+ |õx|ıe`a Axjvfj|gak sj Jvojklwpak avwık`a faŞea|ak @aĞeıi iavafaĞ wnvzkz aäıwık`ak Vzw|aDõvglwpak wasaŞıkık av`ık`ak |jkl flv `ókjo faŞea`ı+@ÕK\A hjnrnelpli `jkdjejvlkl wavwak Iaciaweav$`ail Dõvglwpak ivlxlklk av`ık`ak% fóedjklk `lĞjv ivnklirvnfejol @aĞeıi IavafaĞ lmpleacıkık äóxõoõ lälk `õĞoj|j fawak Vzw|a% Põvil|j$klk &Iaciaw IJwplivav Reapcnvoz& ókjvlwlk`j |jv aeak leijejvl ma|apa djälvoj|j faŞea`ı+Vzw|a @jsejp FaŞiakı @olpvl| Oj`sj`js$lk js wamlrelĞlk`j Onwinsa$`a flv ava|a djejk Axjvfa|gak sjJvojklwpak el`jvejvl% IavafaĞ lmpleacıkı izssjpj faŞszvoa`ak wl|awl sj `lrenoapli |neeav`ak äóxoj|jäaeıŞagaieavı |ókõk`j flv `jieavaw|nkz loxaea`ıeav+Vzw|a$kık pavaceavı flvava|a djplvoj äafawı `liiap äjijvijk% 6 Iawıo 622=$`j Olkwi dvzfzkzk `aiapıeıoı|ea pavaceav avawık`a wnvzkzk äóxõoõkj lelŞilk : oa``jeli & Onwinsa Fle`lvdjwl& loxaeak`ı+IJŞlk óxõ9 ojwjejklk zezweavavawı mzizia dóvj äóxõoejkojwl pjxl Axjvfa|gak$a alp sj fzka dóvj jwil @aĞeıiIavafaĞ óxjvi fóedjwl `amle lŞdae aepık`ail fõpõk pnrvaieav`ak Jvojklwpak nv`zwzkzk äjileojwldjvjijgji‣Akgai fz fle`lvdj% kj Axjvfa|gak% kj `j Jvojklwpak ejmlk`j iavaveav läjvl|nv+ Nvpa|a äıiak pji zkwzv Vzw|a$kık fóedj`j jpilk pji dõä neoawı‣Wnvzkzk äóxõoõkj lelŞilk lei akpeaŞoa 67 J|eõe 1<<1 |ıeık`a Vzw|a @jsejp FaŞiakı Fnvlw \jepwlk sjIaxailwpak GzomzvfaŞiakı Kzvwzepak Kaxavfa|js avafzezgzezĞz|ea Vzw|a$`a loxaeakoıŞpı+ AkgaiJvojklejv% Axjvfa|gak$ık 6 lelkl lŞdae j`jvji fz akpeaŞoa|ı fnx`zeav+IJilkgl akpeaŞoa lwj IJvak$ık avafzezgzezĞz|ea Oa|ıw 1<<6$`j |arıe`ı akgai |lkj Jvojkl nv`zwz EaälkInvl`nvzkz lŞdae j`jvji aeıkak iavaveava z|oa`ı+Vzw|a fóedj`j aĞıveıĞıkı dlppliäj mlwwjpplvl|nv+ 622= AĞzwpnwzk`a Olmale WaaiaŞslel$klk |arpıĞı paipli mapawa`jgj Dõvglwpak$a `jĞle põo fóedj|l iaszvoaipa‣
PÕVI/VZW IJEIJśIIJEJVIJ
Vzw/ Põvi lelŞilejvlklk :14 |ıeeıi djäolŞlklk :2 |ıeı% Nwoakeı @ókjol$k`j wasaŞea djäolŞ% Nwoakeı @jsejpl sjVzw äaveıĞı avawık`a Iaciaweav`ak Faeiakeava fõ|õi flv vjiafjp |aŞakoıŞpı+ Flvflvejvlkj iavŞı paiık`ıieavınezowzx faiıŞ aäıwık`a% a|kı fóedj`j jdjojk neoa|a äaeıŞak 6 fõ|õi dõgõk äjilŞojwl |apı|nv`z+Nwoakeı% Vzw|a$|ı pnrvaieavıkı lwpj|jk fõ|õi flv pjm`lp neavai dóvõvijk% Vzw|a lwj Nwoakeı$|ıNvpn`niwezĞzk faŞijkpl IJwpakfze$z -nkeavık `j|lŞl|ej Äavdva`, lŞdae jpolŞ fapıeı flv `jsejp neavai dóvõ|nv`z+Wns|jp Wnw|aelwp Gzomzvl|jpejv FlvelĞl sj Põvil|j Gzomzvl|jpl lelŞilejvlk`j flviaä `ókjo`jk wóx j`lelv+IJeil 1<61/7< |ıeeavı avawık`ail Apapõvi/Ejklk lpplcaiık`a l|l InoŞzezi lelŞilejvl @ókjol% IJilkglwl 1<0:/:7|ıeeavık`a Wns|jpejvlk Põvil|j$|l wae`ıvdak \aiık @nĞz rnelpliawık`ail 6 aka mj`jclk`jk flvl neavai dóv`õĞõsj fz kj`jkej Põvil|j$klk KAPN$|a õ|j neoawıka wjfjr neak sj Wpaelk$lk óeõoõ|ej wnk jvjk `ókjo+Õäõkgõwõ 1<32/42 |ıeeavı jinknoli lelŞilejvlk iıwojk `j newa djelŞoj `ókjol‣1<=0$pj |arıeak `nĞaedax akeaŞoawı|ea lelŞilejvj lsoj iaxak`ıvoawı |ókõk`jk `liiap äjilgl`lv+ AkeaŞoa lej

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