was widespread, including in his previous team, ONCE, managed by Manolo Saiz. ONCE withdrew from theTour in 1998 in protest at police tactics, but a team doctor, Nicolas Terrados, was charged with illegallyimporting doping products (although no team members were implicated).Saiz was arrested as part of
and his team, Liberty Seguros-Würth, for which Roberto Herasrode for in 2005, was denied a place in the 2006 Tour de France.It was not the first time that the Tour organization had banned a whole team. The Kelme squad was banned in2004 following accusations by team rider Jesus Manzano of systematic doping. The doctor for the team was,of course, Eufemiano Fuentes. Suspended Phonak rider Santiago Perez rode for Kelme in 2002 and wasnamed in the
investigation. Two more former Phonak riders, José Enrique Gutierrez (2nd place in theGiro in 2006) and Santiago Botero were also implicated – both having ridden for Kelme.Botero was allegedly filmed entering Fuentes’ clinic, but was cleared by the Colombian cycling federation toresume racing. Interestingly, he was suspended early in his career for high testosterone levels.Another former Kelme alumni, Oscar Sevilla, riding for T-Mobile last year, was also implicated but, in theabsence of a suspension, is still racing. Roberto Heras also rode for Kelme from 1995-2000 before joining USPostal from 2001-2003 to support Lance Armstrong. Javier Pascual Llorente was the only rider to fail a drugtest in the 2003 Tour, blaming French detection methods for his positive test for EPO. In a further historicaltwist, Kelme also withdrew from the 1998 Tour following the police crack-down.
Alex Zulle at the Giro in 1998 for Festina, 3 stage wins and 11 days in the Maglia Rosa
Twists and turns
did not just appear out-of-the-blue. Recall, of course, the lengthy legal process in Italyfrom 2000 to 2004 with the trials of Professor Francesco Conconi and his former assistant Dr. MicheleFerrari. Files seized in the process revealed a list of 22 cyclists that had their blood data recorded duringConconi’s research, including many high-profile Italian riders from the 1990s such as Ivan Gotti, ClaudioChiappucci, Gianni Bugno (to name only three from the list) as well as other international riders such as PavelTonkov. (Bugno was caught up in another scandal in 1999 when a Mapei soigneur Tiziano Morassut, who waslater charged, sent amphetamines to team member Bugno in Italy).The judge in the case concluded that systematic EPO doping had taken place, which threw the varyinghaematocrit levels of riders such as Bjarne Riis and Marco Pantani during that time right into the public
le grimpeur – Doping and climbing: an introductionhttp://le-grimpeur.net/blog/archives/92 of 1010/07/2010 23:33