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DHF (DBD)

DHF (DBD)

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Published by Rus Ikuyz
Pengetahuan itu hak semua orang
Pengetahuan itu hak semua orang

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Published by: Rus Ikuyz on Jul 11, 2010
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04/01/2013

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1
DENGUE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER (DHF)
A.
 
Definition of Dengue fever
(DB) or 
d
engue hemorrhagic fever
(DHF)Is a disease found febril acute in the tropics, with a geographical spreadsimilar to malaria. The disease is caused by one of the four serotypes of thevirus from the genus
 Flavivirus,
family Flaviviridae. Each serotype isdifferent enough so that no cross-protection and epidemics caused by severalserotypes (hiperendemisitas) can occur.Dengue fever is spread to humans by mosquitoes
 Aedes aegypti
.Disease Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) (medical language is calledDengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF)) is a disease caused by dengue virus istransmitted by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes and Aedes albopictus, which causesinterference with the capillary blood vessels and the system blood clots,resulting in bleeding-bleeding.
B
.
 
Signs an
d
symptoms
 The disease is indicated by the appearance of fever suddenly,accompanied by severe headaches, pain in joints and muscles (myalgia andarthralgia) and rashes; rash of dengue fever have a characteristic bright red, petekial and usually appear first on the lower body - the some patients, itspread to cover almost the entire body. In addition, stomach ulcers could alsoarise with the combination of abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting or diarrhea,mild colds with coughing. This alert condition needs to be addressed with a
 
 
2 broad know
l
dge of 
t
e pa
ti
en
t
or fam
il
 
t
o consu
lt
a doc
t
or 
i
mmed
i
a
t
e
l
 
i
 pa
ti
en
t
s / pa
ti
en
t
s exper 
i
enced h
i
gh fever 3 days
i
n a row. Many pa
ti
en
t
s or  pa
ti
en
t
fam
ili
es exper 
i
enc
i
ng a fa
t
a
l
cond
iti
on because he cons
i
dered m
il
dsymp
t
oms.Dengue fever 
i
s genera
ll
y
t
he
l
eng
t
h of abou
t
s
i
x or seven days w
it
h afever 
t
ha
t
peaks occur a
t
 
t
he sma
ll
er end of fever. C
li
n
i
ca
ll
y,
t
he p
l
a
t
e
l
e
t
 coun
t
w
ill
fa
ll
un
til
 
t
he pa
ti
en
t
 
i
s cons
i
dered afebr 
il
.Dengue V
i
rusAf 
t
er 
t
he shoo
t
/
i
ncuba
ti
on for 3 - 15 days
t
he
i
nfec
t
ed person canexper 
i
ence / suffer from
t
h
i
s d
i
sease
i
n one of 
t
he fo
ll
ow
i
ng 4 forms:
y
 
Abor 
ti
f form,
t
he pa
ti
en
t
does no
t
fee
l
any of 
t
he symp
t
oms.
y
 
C
l
ass
i
ca
l
dengue,
t
he pa
ti
en
t
had h
i
gh fever for 4
t
o 7 days, pa
i
n, bone pa
i
n, fo
ll
owed by
t
he appearance of spo
t
s or pa
t
ches of b
l
eed
i
ng under 
t
hesk 
i
n.
 
 
3
 
y
 
Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (Dengue Fever dengue
/
DHF) symptomssimilar to classic dengue plus bleeding from the nose (epistaksis
/
 nosebleeds), mouth, anus, etc..
y
 
Dengue Shock Syndrome, symptoms similar to dengue shock plus
/
  presyok. This form often leads to death.Because of frequent bleeding and shock, then the disease mortality rateis high, therefore any patient suspected of having dengue fever disease in anylevel must be taken to a doctor or hospital, given the subject to the shock 
/
 death.The cause of dengue fever shows higher fever, bleeding,thrombocytopenia and hemokonsentrasi. A number of small cases can lead to
dengue shock 
syndrome which has a high mortality rate.
C.
 
Diagnosis
 The diagnosis of dengue fever usually done clinically. Usually whathappens is fever without a source of infection, rash petekial withthrombocytopenia and leukopenia relative.Serology and polymerase chain reaction is available to confirm thediagnosis of dengue if clinically indicated.Diagnose dengue fever at an early stage can reduce the risk of deathrather than waiting for acute.

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