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KTS1_C1_pdf

KTS1_C1_pdf

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Published by thongle01

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: thongle01 on Jul 11, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/28/2010

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Chöông 1: HEÄ THOÁNG SOÁ ÑEÁM –SOÁ NHÒ PHAÂN
I. Caùc heä thoáng soá ñeám:1. Caùc khaùi nieäm:-Cô s(r -radix):á 
laø soá löôïng kyù töï chöõ soá (kyù soá -digit)söû duïng ñeå bieåu dieãn trong heä thoáng soá ñeám
 
1
-ï-Giaù t(value):
ñaïi löôïng bieåu dieãn cho vò trí cuûa 1 con soá trong chuoãi soá.
Troïng soá = Cô soá 
Vò trí 
tính baèng toång theo troïng soá 
Giaù trò =
Σ  ΣΣ  Σ  
(Kyù soá 
x
Troïng soá)
 
400 + 0 + 7 + 0.6 + 0.02 + 0.005 =
407.625 
407.625
10
2
10
1
10
0
. 10
-1
10
-2
10
-3
4x10
2
0x10
1
7x10
0
. 6x10
-1
2x10
-2
5x10
-3
400 0 7 . 0.6 0.02 0.005
a. Soá thaäp phaân (Decimal):Cô soá r = 10
 
2
b. Soá nhò phaân (Binary):Cô soá r = 2
101.0114 + 0 + 1 + 0 + 0.25 + 0.125 =
5.375 
2
2
2
1
2
0
. 2
-1
2
-2
2
-3
1x2
2
0x2
1
1x2
0
. 0x2
-1
1x2
-2
1x2
-3
4 0 1 . 0 0.25 0.125
 
c. Soá thaäp luïc phaân (Hexadecimal):Cô soá r = 16
HexadecimalDecimalBinaryHexadecimalDecimalBinary 01234501234500000001001000110100010189ABCD8910111213100010011010101111001101
 
3
770111F151111
5A0.4D11280 + 160 + 0 + 0.25 + 0.0508 + 0.0002 =
1440.301
16
2
16
1
16
0
. 16
-1
16
-2
16
-3
5x16
2
10x16
1
0x16
0
. 4x16
-1
13x16
-2
1x16
-3
1280 160 0 . 0.25 0.0508 0.0002

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