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Youth Suicide Risk Assessment v2

Youth Suicide Risk Assessment v2

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Published by: ChrisSchaffner on Jul 11, 2010
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12/06/2012

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Suicide Facts
2005 data from the National Center for Health Statistics

 A
person dies by suicide about every 16 minutes in the United States.

 A
suicide attempt is estimated to be made once every minute.
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More people die from suicide than from homicide.
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Overall, suicide is the 11th leading cause of death for all
 A
mericans,
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Suicide is the fifth leading cause of death among those 5-14 years old.
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Suicide is the third leading cause of death among those 15-24 years old.
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Between the mid-1950s and the late 1970s, the suicide rate among U.S. males aged15-24 more than tripled (from 6.3 per 100,000 in 1955 to 21.3 in 1977).
 A
mong femalesaged 15-24, the rate more than doubled during this time period (from 2.0 to 5.2). Theyouth suicide rate generally leveled off during the 1980s and early 1990s, and since themid-1990s has been steadily decreasing.
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mong young people aged 10-14 years, the rate hasdoubled in the last two decades.
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Between 1980-1996, the suicide rate for 
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frican-
 A
merican males aged 15-19 has alsodoubled.
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Risk factors for suicide among the young include suicidal thoughts, psychiatricdisorders (such as depression, impulsive aggressive behavior, bipolar disorder, certainanxiety disorders), drug and/or alcohol abuse and previous suicide attempts, with the riskincreased if there is situational stress and access to firearms.
P
rotective factors include the following as stated positivelyby the individual:
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individual is involved in hobbies or activities
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there is family involvement
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involvement in the community
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social and economic stability
P
rotective person
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has a close relationship with the individual, and is available to be with the individual
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agrees to remain with the individual until follow up occurs
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has a suitable environment in which to stay with the individual
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has been determined to be competent
 
Several factors increase the risk that a teenager will attemptsuicide:
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Depression or feelings of loneliness or helplessness
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lcohol or drug addiction
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family history of abuse, suicide, or violence
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P
revious suicide attempts; almost half of teens who commit suicide had attemptedsuicide previously.
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recent loss such as a death, break-up, or parents¶ divorce Illness or disability
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Stress over school, relationships, performance expectations, etc.
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Fear of ridicule for getting help for problems
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Being bullied or being a bully
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Exposure to other teens committing suicide, such as at school or in the media
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 A
ccess to firearms or other lethal objects
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belief that suicide is noble
90 percent of people who attempt or commit suicide suffer from a mental illness, such as:
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Depression, which causes a teen to feel sad, lonely, withdrawn, and unable toaccomplish simple tasks.
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Bipolar disorder, where a teen alternates between periods of depression and mania,characterized by exuberance, insomnia, irritability, and inability to concentrate.
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Schizophrenia, a complicated condition where a teen has hallucinations or distortedperceptions of reality.
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lcoholism or drug addiction, especially when combined with another mental healthdisorder; 20 to 50 percent of suicide attempts are related to drug or alcohol use.
Hospitalization:
Research tells us that individuals have significantly increased suicide risks in the week followinghospitalization (102 times higher for men and 246 times higher for women). Individuals withaffective disorders have a risk of suicide significantly higher throughout their hospitalization andupon release. Individuals whose lengths of stay were shorter than the median were significantlymore likely to commit suicide. (2005)
Teen Suicide Statistics Sources:
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National Institute of Mental Health, "In Harm¶s Way: Suicide in
 A
merica" [online]
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National Institute of Mental Health, "What to do When a Friend is Depressed" [online]
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National Institute of Mental Health, "Schizophrenia" [online]
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Center for Disease Control, National Center for Injury
P
revention and Control, "Suicide:Fact Sheet" [online]
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GirlsHealth.gov, "Suicide" National Youth Violence
P
revention Resource Center [online]
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Suicide
 A
wareness Voices of Education [online] National Mental Health
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ssociation,"Fact Sheet: Suicide" [online]
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Substance
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buse and Mental Health Services
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dministration, "Depression,
P
articularlyIn Combination with Substance
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buse, Significant Risk Factor for Suicide" [online]
 
Youth Suicide Risk
 A
ssessment
Youth¶s Name: DOB:
 
Male
 
FemaleInformation Sources:Staff Completing
 A
ssessment: Date of 
 A
ssessment:
Information
 Yes No
1.Have you been sadder than usual? If yes, for how long?2.Have you been more irritable than usual? If yes, for how long?3.Have you been thinking of killing yourself? If yes, for how long?4.Have you thought about how you would killyourself?If yes, how?
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pills/overdose
 
cut wrist
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jumping
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hanging
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gun
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other __________ 5.Do you have, or could you get, what you needto kill yourself?6. When were you thinking of killing yourself?7.Have you been hearing voices that are tellingyou to kill yourself?8.Have you thought about killing yourself beforethis time?9.Have you ever tried to kill yourself before? If no, go to question 12 below.10.What happened after you tried killing yourself (i.e. medical attention, interventions,outcomes)?11.Has anyone in your family committed suicide? If yes, who?12.Has anyone close to you died recently? If yes, who?13.Have you had something bad or stressfulhappen to you lately?If yes, what?14.If you have thoughts of killing yourself, wouldyou be able to talk to a trusted adult or notify astaff member?If yes, who?15.Will you make a commitment to tell a trustedadult or staff member if you feel like harming or killing yourself?

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