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Number Patterns and Sequences

# Number Patterns and Sequences

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01/14/2013

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CHAPTER 2NUMBER PATTERNS & NUMBERSEQUENCES
Subject:Mathematics Form 1
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Learning Objective:Number Patterns and Number SequencesLearning Outcomes:1.Identify patterns of number sequences.2.Extend, complete and construct number sequences.3.Recognize odd and even numbers and explore their general properties.4.Identify prime numbers.5.Understand factors and prime factors.6.Find the common factors and highest common factors (HCF).7.Understand multiples.8.Find the common multiples and lowest common multiples (LCM).
2.1 Number Patterns & Number Sequences
- A list of numbers that follow a certain pattern is called number sequence.- In a number sequence, we can see how the number pattern is form.
Describe the number patterns for these number sequences.
1.3, 7, 11, 15, 19
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Pattern : begin with 3 and add 4 to the number before it (+4)2.305, 300, 295, 290, 285Pattern :begin with 305 then minus / subtract 5 from the number before it (- 5)3.2, 6, 18, 54, 162Pattern :begin with 2, then multiply each number by 3 (x3)4.64, 32, 16, 8, 4Pattern :begin with 64 then divide each number by 2 (÷ 2)
Complete the missing number in the number sequences
1.
3, 6,9, 12,15, 18 Pattern : + 3
2.
64,56, 48, 40,32, 29 Pattern :- 8
3.
7, 21,63, 189, 567,1761  Pattern : x 3
4.
800, 400, 200, 100,50, 25 Pattern : ÷ 2
List the number sequences for these number patterns
1.List down the whole numbers between 30 to 3731, 32, 33, 34, 35, 362.Add 5 to whole numbers from 3 to 283, 8, 13, 18, 23, 283.Subtract 3 from whole number from 13 to 113, 10, 7, 4, 14.Multiply 4 to whole numbers from 2 to 1282, 8, 32, 128
2.2 Even Numbers & Odd Numbers
- Even numbers are whole numbers that can be divided by 2 exactly (no remainder).Example:2, 4, 6, 8, 10, - Odd numbers are whole numbers that cannot be divided by 2 exactly (has remainder).Example:1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, - ‘0’ is neither an add number nor an even number
Determine whether these numbers are even numbers or odd numbers
1.
214214 ÷ 2 = 107therefore 214 is an even numbe
2.
735735 ÷ 2 = 367 remainder 1therefore 735 is an odd numbe
3.
2 5792 579 ÷ 2 = 1 289 remainder 1therefore 2 579 is an odd number
4.
5 5505 550 ÷ 2 = 2 775therefore 5 550 is an even numbe
Relation Between Even Numbers And Odd Numbers
SUM ( + )DIFFERENCE ( - )PRODUCT (X )2 even numbersa) 4 and 1014(even)6(even)40(even)
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