Camille Pissarro(1830-1903)Camille Jacob Pissarro was a French impressionist painter whosefriendship and support provided encouragement for manyyounger painters. Pissarro was born in Saint Thomas,Virgin Islands, and moved to Paris in 1855, where he studiedwith the French landscape painter Camille Corot. At firstassociated with the Barbizon school, Pissarro subsequently joined the impressionists and was represented in all their exhibitions. During the Franco-Prussian War (1870-71),he lived in England and made a study of English art, particularlythe landscapes of Joseph Mallord William Turner. For a time in the1880s Pissarro, discouraged with his work, experimented withpointillism; the new style, however, proved unpopular with collectors and dealers,and he returned to a freer impressionist style.A painter of sunshine and thescintillating play of light,Pissarro produced many quiet rural landscapes and river scenes; he also painted street scenes in Paris, Le Havre, and London. An excellent teacher, he counted among his pupils and associates the Frenchpainters Paul Gauguin and Paul Cézanne, his son Lucien Pissarro, and the Americanimpressionist Mary Cassatt. Of Pissarro's great output (including paintings,watercolors, and graphics),ny works hang in the Luxembourg Gallery, Paris,and in the leading galleries of Europe.The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, has his Bather in the Woods (1895).