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Millennium Village Project Malawi

Millennium Village Project Malawi

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Published by Amol Shinde

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Published by: Amol Shinde on Jul 12, 2010
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Millennium Village Project Malawi
Key Activities
 YEAR: 1
Key Activities:
Distribute subsidized fertilizer and improved seeds and train farmers in improved techniquesDistribute long-lasting, insecticide- treated bed nets and provide training on proper useBegin rehabilitation and construction of schools, health clinics and water points
Ou
tcomes:
Increased food security through increased staple crop yieldsDecreased prevalence of malariaImproved key facilities
 YEAR: 2
Key Activities:
Introduce
crop diversification
and
link farmers to local markets
for crop salesExpand
locally-so
u
rced school meals program
using new crop surplusesExpand disease control for HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis and other tropical diseases
Ou
tcomes:
Increased production of higher value and more nutritious cropsIncreased school attendanceReduced child mortality and maternal mortality ratesImproved health care and disease control
 YEAR: 3, 4, 5
Key Activities:
Expand
access to agric
u
lt
u
ral finance
 
and promote business developmentExtend the
electricity grid (
where possible) and introduce alternative energy sourcesConstruct and maintain
roads
 Initiate piped water systems and large scale
irrigation projects
 Establish and improve
mobile telephone and internet connection
 
Ou
tcomes:
Increased self-financing of agricultural inputsGrowth in local business and entrepreneurshipGreater access to energy, improved transport and information and communication technologies (ICT) Achievement of Millennium Development Goals for child mortality, education, environment, health, gender equality, maternal mortality and
 
 
water 
B
u
dget Model
Financial Contrib
u
tions from Key StakeholdersB
u
dget Allocation by Sector 
 
 
Sustainability and cost 
The Millennium Village financing model is built on the premise that, with modest support, Millennium Village economies can transition fromsubsistence farming to self-sustaining commercial activity.Funding and implementing a Millennium Village is a shared effort among the Millennium Villages project, donors, NGOs, local and nationalgovernments, and the village community itself. Each Millennium Village requires a modest
investment of $300,000 per year for fiveyears
. This includes a cost of $250,000 per village per year (5,000 villagers per village multiplied by $50 per villager) and an additional$50,000 per village per year to cover logistical and operational costs associated with implementation, community training, and monitoring andevaluation. The other $60 per villager per year comes from village members, local and national governments and partner organizations,making for total funding of $110 per person per year.The Government of 
Japan
(through its Human Security Trust Fund) and private philanthropic donors (through the Earth Institute at ColumbiaUniversity) provided the financing the first set of Millennium Villages, reaching some 60,000 people.The project can be taken to broad scale since the financing needs for the Millennium Villages are fully in line with global commitments toincreased official development assistance (ODA). The per capita support to each village is consistent with the international target of 0.7% of rich countries' GNI in official development assistance. This target was agreed at the 2002 Monterrey Conference on Financing for Development and has been reaffirmed at the 2005 World Summit. The EU-15 countries have all committed themselves to achieving the 0.7%target by no later than 2015. Moreover, the G8 countries committed at their 2005 Gleneagles Summit to provide $50 billion per year in ODA to Africa by 2010, which is equivalent to roughly $70 per African per year and again entirely consistent with the budget framework for theMillennium Villages. The G8 leaders also recently reaffirmed this commitment at the 2007 summit in Heiligendamm
L
ocal Ownership
Critical to the sustainability of the Millennium Villages is the need to empower the entire community, including women and vulnerable groups, bybuilding local technical, administrative, and entrepreneurial capacity. In conjunction with improved health and education, this transformationencourages women and men to establish their own businesses, to take advantage of microfinance and micro-enterprise opportunities and to exploreincome earning possibilities beyond farming.Participatory,
comm
u
nity-led decision-making is central to the way Millenni
u
m Villages work and is also f 
u
ndamental tos
u
stainability
. Establishing community agreement to become one of the Millennium Villages sites takes place through a series of discussions withelected and appointed officials, community committees, and open forums at the local level. Discussions entail a description of the MDGs, a brief summary of the UN Task Force Recommendations for meeting the MDGs, and the concept behind the Millennium Villages project. This villagedialogue is a means of assuring transparency and carries through the course of the entire project.Once agreement is established, specific committees and community members begin the process of identifying and evaluating project possibilities withthe support of a scientific team and local partners. Together they create a package of village-specific project initiatives that are deemed mostappropriate and cost effective. They also produce a community action plan for implementing and managing these projects. All along, MillenniumVillages fosters and empowers democratic practices, and actively promotes gender equality in decision-making and allocation of resources.On-site facilitators in community management and oversight, agriculture and the environment, and health and infrastructure are hired through thevillage budget. Wherever possible these facilitators are seconded from line ministries or hired locally. A training center is also established in thecommunity.Technical capacity building, beginning at the onset of implementation, provides villagers with the skills they need to sustain the project initiatives in thelong-term. Training courses for health and nutrition, agricultural and environment, energy and transport services, water resources and sanitation, andbusiness and communications provide villagers with the skills they need in each area.

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