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Derivation of Meaning in Proverbs 1 and 2 Misurata Journal 2

Derivation of Meaning in Proverbs 1 and 2 Misurata Journal 2

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In this article, the meaning of proverbs with reference to their syntactic structure has been discussed. Concepts such as illocutionary denegation, conditional illocutionary speech act, conjunctional illocutionary speech act have been taken up for discussion.The ka:rmik linguistic theory is used as the model.
In this article, the meaning of proverbs with reference to their syntactic structure has been discussed. Concepts such as illocutionary denegation, conditional illocutionary speech act, conjunctional illocutionary speech act have been taken up for discussion.The ka:rmik linguistic theory is used as the model.

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Published by: bhuvaneswar Chilukuri on Jul 12, 2010
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Chilukuri Bhuvaneswar Derivation of Syntactic Meaning in Proverbs2010
Derivation of Referential Meaning in Proverbs 2 - SyntacticMeaning:A Ka:rmik Linguistic Analysis
Chilukuri Bhuvaneswar, University of Sebha, Sebha
 ABSTRACT 
The derivation of meaning in proverbs is a complex tristratal process whichinvolves the derivation of 
the referential meaning
of the proverb; its
prototypical meaning
, and finally its
contextual meaning
. In this second article in continuation to the first article on the
Derivation of ReferentialMeaning 1 - Propositional Meaning: A Ka:rmik Linguistic Analysis,
an attempt has been made to study 
the syntactic meaning of parallel patterns andcomplex sentences i
n proverbs from a ka:rmik linguistic perspective. In aKa:mik Linguistic perspective, meaning is
an emergent experiential awareness
; it is born out of dispositional understanding mediated throughthe I-I-I (interconnected-interrelated-interdependent) networking of theformal, functional, and cognitive levels of the contextual (lingual) actionalreality for the construction of dispositional reality. Such a shift in paradigmopens up a new way of deriving meaning of proverbs and language aslanguage for individual experience
ka:r 
mik prag
matics
or 
ka:rmatics
 )instead of language for communication (as
semantics
 ) or language in usefor social communication ( 
 pragmatics
 ).
Symbols used in the Article
I-I-I Network Node; Impacts on; Gives Rise to by Transformation;Leads to in the Direction of the Arrow; Apparently Transformsinto;
Reflected on
 
(like an adjunct)
Reflected in (like a quality)
 ;
Delink intrer-categorially leads to as opposed to Intra-categorially leads toa:nushangikally gives rise to; inherently qualified ;Through the Means of Connecting Node in a Cyclic Network; Superimposed onis analyzed ● Heart or Nucleus of the Circular/Cyclic Network 
 
The Individual Consciousness (soul or the ji:va)
1 |Page
 
Chilukuri Bhuvaneswar Derivation of Syntactic Meaning in Proverbs2010
 
The Triad of Qualities [ 
sattva
(luminosity or cognitivity) giving knowledge of activity;
rajas
(activity or analyticity) giving choice and pattern of activity by traits;and 
tamas
(inertia or substantivity) giving inertia or materiality of activity by va:sana:s] of Disposition
.
 
Reversal of Order
I.Introduction
In the
Derivation of Referential Meaning 1- Propositional Meaning: A Ka:rmik Linguistic Analysis
, an attempt has been made to derive the propositionalmeaning of literal, restricted (subject specific), and figurative proverbs byexamining such figurative proverbs as similaic, hyperbolical, paradoxical,and metaphorical proverbs. In addition, the formation of metaphoricalproverbs is motivated from such concepts as the principle of least effort,complexity in prototypicalization, ease in the computation of meaning, andaesthetic appeal. This is with reference to their propositional meaning fromthe perspective of their style. There is another area that is also worthconsideration, namely, the syntactic meaning derived from parallelism andcomplexity in their syntactic structure.In this article, an attempt has been made to examine how parallelism andcomplex sentence structure contribute to the building up of meaning inproverbs.
II.Literature Review
A large volume of literature is available on the derivation of meaning inproverbs (see Mieder: 1982, 90, 93 for extensive references). However, theirmeaning is not derived from a tristratal perspective as in the Ka:rmikLinguistic Paradigm. In the general literature on semantics and pragmatics,proverbs as a special topic have not been studied extensively. For example,in Lyons (1979 a, b), Vanderveken (1990, 91), and Searle (1969, 79 a, b)which are seminal works on semantics and pragmatics, no specific chaptersare allocated to discuss the meaning proverbs as a genre. Leech (1983)examines and analyses meaning in a Gricean perspective and extends it tohis own means-ends model by adapting the Hallidayan metafunctions of language (interpersonal, ideational, and textual). In Bhuvaneswar (2000 a-d),an attempt has been made to study the semantics of proverbs from a formallinguistic perspective and integrate it into the ka:rmik linguistic perspectiveof considering meaning as dispositional, experiential (ka:rmik) meaning.Such a motivation is further supported by proverbial discourse analysis(Bhuvaneswar 1998, 99, 2010) and general discourse analysis (Schiffrin1994; Berry 1981 a, b, c). In this paradigm, the meaning of proverbs isderived from their
referential, prototypical, and contextual
meaningperspectives and integrated into
a unified experiential meaning
of theproverb used in a context in a cause-means-effect analysis. In such aperspective, meaning is not complete unless and otherwise all the formal,functional, and cognitive planes as well as the cognitive,
2 |Page
 
Chilukuri Bhuvaneswar Derivation of Syntactic Meaning in Proverbs2010
socioculturalspiritual, and contextual actional realities of the concernedlingual action (proverbial action) are integrated into a unified experientialmeaning. The formal, functional, and cognitive linguistic models are
atomic
andtherefore inadequate to provide such a description.
In a Ka:mik Linguistic perspective, meaning is an emergent 
(w)holistic
experiential awareness; it is born out of dispositional understanding mediated through the I-I-I(interconnected-interrelated-interdependent) networking of the formal,functional, and semantic levels of the contextual (lingual) actional reality for the construction of dispositional reality.
In such a process, meaning isdispositionally generated, specified, directed, and materialized through itssystematic and holorchical mediation through the cognitive andsocioculturalspiritual realities in its context of lingual action. Hence, theka:rmik linguistic paradigm integrates all these planes into a unifiedframework and therefore it is claimed that it is better suited to derive themeaning in a single framework.Vanderveken (ibid.) is a seminal work that considers language from ageneral semantics perspective and studies the speech acts from thatperspective. In a similar way, Lyons (ibid.) is also an important contributiontowards understanding the nature of meaning. However, in both theseworks, proverbs are not dealt with. Therefore, there is a need to studyproverbs from the semantic perspective and see the differences betweenordinary language and proverb-language. In this paper, an attempt has beenmade to initiate discussion from a general semantics perspective and offerleads towards a ka:rmik pragmatic
(
ka:rmatic
)
derivation of meaning inproverbs.
III. Syntactic Meaning in Proverbs: Its Derivation
1. Syntactic Meaning of Parallel Patterns
A proverb by definition contains the essential characteristic “prototype’along with the other essential characteristics “cultural confirmation”, and“frozen textuality” in its definition which is given by Bhuvaneswar (2002) asfollows:
(12) A proverb is a culturally confirmed frozen text of a prototypical practice (or illocution).
In this definition, the concept of 
frozen textuality 
is easily determined as aformal feature:
a fixed and finite set of words in a syntactic pattern which all proverbs have whether they are the original ones or their variations.
Hence,the number of words, their arrangement in an order, and the syntacticpattern in which these words are arranged are fixed for a particular proverb.Any variation in that particular order leads to a variation in the proverb and
3 |Page

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