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In the Eye of the Perfect Storm by La Vina Et Al

In the Eye of the Perfect Storm by La Vina Et Al

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Published by: crisjava on Jul 13, 2010
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07/28/2013

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WORKING PAPER 08 July 2008SCJ Professorial Lecture 1
IINNTTHHEEEEYYEEOOFFTTHHEEPPEEFFEECCTTSSTTOOMM:: WWHHAATTTTHHEEPPHHIILLIIPPPPIINNEESSSSHHOOUULLDDDDOOAABBOOUUTT CCLLIIMMAATTEECCHHAANNGGEE
 
By:Jose Ramon T. Villarin, Ph.D. S.J.Ma. Antonia Y. LoyzagaAntonio G.M. La Viña, J.S.D.With:Emmi B. CapiliSandee G. Recabar Donna Lyne S. Sanidad Naderev M. SañoDeanna Marie P. Olaguer 
I.
 
INTRODUCTION
The perfect storm is the convergence of two or more events with exceptional, powerful results. The recent popular use of the term was inspired by a meteorologist’sdescription of how the combination of three smaller storms turned out to be the “perfectsituation” to unexpectedly produce an unimaginably calamitous event. Now, the motion picture based on this event shares its title as an oft-used modern idiom applied not just tothe weather but to education, health, sports, or even food prices.Climate change represents the most serious, most pervasive environmental threatthe world faces. The “perfect storm” is the result of the convergence of humanity’simprovident past, its difficult present, and the uncertain future. The issues are not merelyscientific; climate change spans political, social, and economic dimensions, crossesnational boundaries, and promises to impact future generations in a crisis of global proportions.The consensus in the scientific community solidly points to evidence that theearth is indeed warming up, and such warming is attributed to the dramatic rise in human-induced greenhouse gas emissions since the mid 20th-century. Overwhelming scientificevidence paints an unmistakable picture. Climate change is real, it is caused to a largeextent by human activities, and its impacts will be serious and highly damaging. TheIntergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the international body tasked withstudying the greenhouse effect, concluded that the warming has become “evident fromobservations of increases in global average air and ocean temperatures, widespread
 
WORKING PAPER 08 July 2008SCJ Professorial Lecture 2
melting of snow and ice, and rising global average sea level.” The IPCC declared that the“warming of the earth’s climate system is unequivocal” (IPCC AR4, 2007).The Philippines incessantly confronts the predicament of being prone to bothnatural and man-made disasters. Climate change intensifies the convergence of thesedifferent storms. Given that a majority of our people is mired in poverty, withlivelihoods highly dependent on fragile natural resources, and living in settlementsextremely vulnerable to climatic events, the Philippines finds itself in the eye of the perfect storm.
Beyond Science and Technology
Climate change is inexorably linked to economic activities crucial to most modernsocieties – energy production and consumption, transportation, agriculture and forestry,real estate, marine resource utilization, industry and manufacturing, insurance, and so on.As such, it cannot be separated from the fundamental concerns of human society: nationaleconomic planning, public administration, and the quality of life for individuals, families,and communities.Ultimately, the issue of climate change goes beyond science and technology andis about ethics. It poses a question to all of us about what kind of world we want to livein. All technological choices represent a hierarchy of values. These values manifestthemselves in systems of inclusion and exclusion. Each society’s survival ultimatelyrests on the dominant culture’s capacity to wrestle with development options – and toaffirm or reject them. It should also be noted that the persons most affected by climatechange are not the present but the future generations. Finally, the irrelevance of national boundaries in dealing with the challenges presented by climate change provides theultimate demonstration of global interdependence. Indeed, climate change negotiationsinvolve the very foundations of global security and the development of nations. As theGeneral Assembly of the United Nations (U.N.) accurately asserts:
Climate change affects humanity as a whole and should be confronted within a global framework so as to take into account the vital interests of all mankind 
(UN General Assembly, 1988).
 
WORKING PAPER 08 July 2008SCJ Professorial Lecture 3
Overview of the Paper
 In the Eye of the Perfect Storm: What the Philippines Should Do About ClimateChange
explores the entire spectrum of climate change issues – from scientific to political dilemmas, from global to local impacts, and from international to Philippineresponses.The
 Introduction
provides the context of the whole paper by describing theclimate change crisis as a convergence of societal, political, and environmental factorsthat result in a perfect storm. It also presents the issue ultimately as an ethical one.
The Science of Climate Change: Implications for the Philippines
explores thecurrent scientific evidence of climate change and discusses the causes as well as theuncertainties behind the science.
The Impacts of Climate Change
explains the impacts on a global scale, on theAsian region, and on the Philippines, with emphasis on the vulnerability of people toclimate and weather-related risks.
 The Philippines and the Global Response to Climate Change
presents the historyof the global community’s response to combating climate change, with a thoroughdescription of the international climate treaties and the road from Rio de Janeiro toKyoto, and from Bali to Copenhagen. This chapter also outlines the country’s efforts inaddressing climate change.
 Policy and Implementation Options for the Philippines
discusses what the nationcan do in terms of mitigation and adaptation strategies to deal with the consequences of climate change. It highlights the solutions that do exist, but points to the urgent need for an integrated Adaptation-Mitigation framework that will ensure the effectiveness of thesesolutions especially for the Philippines. In order to successfully respond to the enormouschallenge, it is imperative, not only for the industrialized countries but also for thePhilippines, to adopt robust and effective policies that will result in both mitigation andadaptation schemes to address climate change.

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