Manpower Planning which is also called as Human Resource Planning consists of putting rightnumber of people, right kind of people at the right place, right time, doing the right things for which they are suited for the achievement of goals of the organization. Human ResourcePlanning has to be a systems approach and is carried out in a set procedure. The procedure isas follows:1.Analysing the current manpower inventory2.Making future manpower forecasts3.Developing employment programmes4.Design training programmes
Need of Manpower Planning
Manpower Planning is a two-phased process because manpower planning not only analysesthe current human resources but also makes manpower forecasts and thereby drawemployment programmes. Manpower Planning is advantageous to firm in following manner:1.Shortages and surpluses can be identified so that quick action can be taken wherever required.2.All the recruitment and selection programmes are based on manpower planning.3.It also helps to reduce the labour cost as excess staff can be identified and therebyoverstaffing can be avoided.4.It also helps to identify the available talents in a concern and accordingly trainingprogrammes can be chalked out to develop those talents.5.It helps in growth and diversification of business. Through manpower planning, humanresources can be readily available and they can be utilized in best manner.6.It helps the organization to realize the importance of manpower management whichultimately helps in the stability of a concern.
Advantages of manpower planning:
Manpower planning ensures optimum use of available human resources.1. It is useful both for organization and nation.2. It generates facilities to educate people in the organization.3. It brings about fast economic developments.4. It boosts the geographical mobility of labor.5. It provides smooth working even after expansion of the organization.6. It opens possibility for workers for future promotions, thus providing incentive.7. It creates healthy atmosphere of encouragement and motivation in theorganization.8. Training becomes effective.9. It provides help for career development of the employees.
Steps in Manpower planning
1. Predict manpower plans2. Design job description and the job requirements3. Find adequate sources of recruitment.4. Give boost to youngsters by appointment to higher posts.5. Best motivation for internal promotion.6. Look after the expected losses due to retirement, transfer and other issues.