Beberapa pengertian Peradaban/tamadun dari pelbagai perspektif 1- civilization, civilisation -(a society in an advanced state of social development (e.g., with complex legal and political and religious organizations); "the people slowly progressed from barbarism to civilization")-> society -- (an extended social group having a distinctive cultural and economic organization)2-civilization, civilisation -- (the social process whereby societies achieve civilization)-> social process -- (a process involved in the formation of groups of persons)=> assimilation, absorption -- (the social process of absorbing one cultural groupinto harmony with another)=> decentralization, decentalisation -- (the social process in which population and industry moves from urban centers to outlying districts)=> urbanization, urbanisation -- (the social process whereby cities grow and societies become more urban)3-refinement, civilization, civilisation -- (the quality of excellence in thought and manners and taste; "a man of intellectual refinement"; "he is remembered for his generosity and civilization")-> excellence -- (the quality of excelling; possessing good qualities in high degree)=> admirability, admirableness, wonderfulness -- (admirable excellence)=> impressiveness, grandness, magnificence -- (splendid or imposing in size or a ppearance; "the grandness of the architecture")=> refinement, civilization, civilisation -- (the quality of excellence in thought and manners and taste; "a man of intellectual refinement"; "he is remembered for his generosity and civilization")
1. a human society that has a complex cultural, poltical, and legal organization: anadvanced state in social development. 2. the peoples or nations collectively who haveachieved such a state. 3. the total culture and way of life of a particular people, nation,region, or period 4. the process of bringing or achieving civilization. 5.inletectual,cultural, and moral refinement 6. cities or populated areas, as contrasted with sparselyinhabited areas, deserts, etc.
A civilization is the tangible creations of a single community.a- A group of people become a community when they share the same morality,which in turn allows them to develop a collective intelligence, which reveals itself through a single shared language. b- The collective, or communal, intelligence of the community is superior tothe intelligence of the individual because it is more than the sum of its citizens'efforts. It's memory , thus its wisdom, is not constrained by human anatomy but is practically unlimited in scope or duration.