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Agro Housing

Agro Housing

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Published by yhuanista07

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Published by: yhuanista07 on Jul 13, 2010
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11/02/2012

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Conceptual approach
According to the UN report in 2010, about 50% of the Chinese population will residein cities. This huge migration from rural regiones to new urban megalopolises willcreate a dramatic cultural and social crisis, a loss of existing cultural traditions andconsiderable unemployment. Massive urbanization will form random communities andwill severely exhaust natural resources such as water and energy, will exhaust urbaninfrastructures and transportation systems and will intensify air and soil pollution.The
concept of Agro-Housing is a presentation of a new urban and social vision
thatwill address problems of chaotic urbanization, by creating a new order in the city andmore specifically in the housing environment.Agro-Housing is a program that combines high-rise apartments with a verticalgreenhouse within the same building.The idea behind Agro-Housing is to create, a close to home space where families canproduce their own food supply according to their abilities, tastes, and choices allowingcitizens more independence, freedom, and an additional income.
The Advantages ofAgro-Housing:Self-production of food for the tenants and the community.Production of organic and healthy food free from diseases andfertilizersAbundance of crops for self-consumption and sale to the neighbors.Need no special skill set to operate a greenhouse.Flexibility in work hours in the greenhouse and more independence.Creation of extra income and new jobs for the inhabitants in thebuildingCreation of a sense of community and softening the crisis of migrationto cities.Preservation of a part of the rural traditions and social order.Creation of sustainable housing conditions and the reduction of air andsoil pollution levels.Improvment in the building’s microclimate and reduction in the use ofenergy (cooling and heating)Use water from the existing high water table and recycle the greywater to gardening.DwellingUrbanRuralTreeOrganicNatureAgricultureCultureSustainabiltyRecycleEnvironmentLand useglobal wormingairgreen buildingHybridwaterFuture
Towards a more sustainable society
Wuhan, China
The City of
1000
Lakes
Wuhan urban grouth
  U r  b a n  i z e a g r  i c u  l t u r e  V e r t  i c a  l   L a n  d s c a p e
The Agro-Housing assemblage
    C
  i t y  f  i e  l  d
3D Greenhouse
AgricultureLayered agricultureUrban dwellingRural dwelling
Agro Housing
Urban Population
Agro-Housing
www.kkarc.comKnafo Klimor Architects
Page 1
 
The New Agro-Urban Vision
The interests of cities to adopt the idea of Agro-Housing:
Growth of cities with less investments in infrastructures andtransportation systems.Creation of new jobs within neighborhoods and independenceof citizens.Development of public awareness to sustainable ideas andtheirs benefits.Contribution to environment preservation.Reduction in water and energy consumption.Economic independence for cities and improvement of qualityof urban life.Less traffic and commercial spaces for moving and sellingagriculture products.Agro-Housing is a place for dwelling, but it will create a new urbanity,contributing to the preservation of traditions and communityvalues.Agro-Housing will promote the idea of sustainability and willdramatically reduce environment problems in an era of globalizationand urban migration.
Greenhouse Components
IrrigationComplete drip irrigation system.Advanced fertilizer dosing systemIrrigation controllerWater disinfection systemWater recycling systemWater treatment solutionGrowing MethodsSoil-less material: coco peat, rockwool, volcanic ash, perlite, etc.Growing gutter systemTrellis systemControlFull range of climate and irrigationcontrollers, according to one’s needs.Active Ventilation/CoolingCirculation fansShading/thermal screensHanging systemVersatile system fit for a variety ofcrops and treatments.
The concept
of Agro-Housing is a housing program that will allow the formationof a new social and urban order and that can be replicated as it represents basichuman values lost in the process of modernization and progress. Agro-Housing willreduce the need for commuting and the extra development of the transportationsystem and it will replace the urban zoning strategy by more sustainable urbanconception.
The GreenhouseThe vertical agro-spacepermits production offresh food for familiesand the community,reducing commutingand creating a harmonicand holistic environmentof sustainable life inurban realm.SW ViewGrowingDwellingGreenhouse: Soil-less agricultureGreenhouse view from patioGreenhouse viewNW view7th floor greenhouse entrance
Agro-Housing
www.kkarc.comKnafo Klimor Architects
Page 2
 
flr 10flr 07flr 03Roofflr 08flr 09flr 11flr 06flr 05flr 04flr 02flr 01
Collectors for forcedsolar systemManually operablewindows toreduce electricityusage
th-East wind
 
n
 
Fresh AirFresh
 
Manually operable windowscreate a 'thermal chimney.'This causes pressuredifferences and thereforeenables air circulation in theapartments and publicareas, sucking the hot airout of the building andallowing cooler fresh air insideThermal rhimney
Summer
Climate Control
Layered agriculture
Forced solar
 
collector systemTrapped hot aircirculationSealed glasscreates theGreenhouse EffectSealed glasskeeps the hot airinside the buildingLarge thermal massRadiation isaccumulated duringdaytimeandreleasedduringthenightLarge thermal massSealed glass
 
Winter
Climate Control
 
Agro-Housing and Sustainability
The Agro-Housing is a combination of housing and urban agriculture. The building is composed oftwo parts: the apartment’s tower and the vertical greenhouse.The greenhouse is a multi-level structure for cultivation of agriculture crops such as vegetables,fruits, flowers and spices, equipped with a drip irrigation system and natural ventilation andheating system.The Agro-Housing project offers spaces for communal activities. The greenhouse can serve asa place of casual and professional meetings. The roof garden offers an open air green spacefor recreation and informal gatherings. The roof’s sky club is designed to host social gatheringsand celebrations, and the kindergarten on ground floor welcomes children close to home andtheir parents. The Agro-Housing project provides a diversity of spaces for the benefit of itsinhabitants.SW view
Agro-Housing
www.kkarc.comKnafo Klimor Architects
Roof solar collectorsWater collection from the roofSummer shadeGutterWind ShuttersRecreation roof gardenCommunal spsceVertical greenhouseVentilated atriumIntensive green roofKindergartenInterior gardenIntensive vegetated roofAxonometric schemeRoof garden
Page 3

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