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Temporal Fossa

Temporal Fossa

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Published by Dr santosh

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Published by: Dr santosh on Jul 14, 2010
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01/06/2013

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Temporal fossaA bony fossa situated on the lateral aspect of skullBoundariesSuperiorly ± temporal line in front & superiortemporal line on temporal boneInferiorly ± lateral aspect = zygomatic archMedial aspect - infra temporal crest of greater wing of sphenoidAnteriorly - zygomaticParts of frontal & sphenoid boneContents -1.
 
Temporalis muscle2.
 
Deep temporal nerve3.
 
Middle temporal vessels4.
 
Zygomatic temporal nerveCommunication ± infra temporal fossa through agap deep to zygomatic archStructure transmitting through gap ±bet zygomaticarch & side of skull1.
 
Tendon of Temporalis2.
 
Deep temporal nerve
 
3.
 
Deep temporal vesselsInfra temporal fossaAn irregular bony space situated below the middlecranial fossa of skull behind body of maxilla & lateral to lateral pterygoid plateBoundaries1.
 
Anterior wall ± posterior surface of body of maxilla2.
 
Posterior wall ± open3.
 
Roof ± greater wing of sphenoid & a smallpart of squamous part of temporal4.
 
Floor ± open5.
 
Laterally - covered by lateral & medialpterygoid muscle & part of ramus of mandible6.
 
Medially ±pterygoid process lateral part of sphenoidContent ±1.
 
Musclesa)
 
Temporalisb)
 
Lateral pterygoidc)
 
Medial pterygoidd)
 
Buccinators
 
2.
 
Vesselsa)
 
Maxillary vessels (1
st
& 2
nd
part of maxillaryartery & its branches )b)
 
Pterygoid venous plexus3.
 
Nervesa)
 
Mandibular nerve & its branchesb)
 
Chorda tympanic)
 
Small part of maxillary nerve4.
 
Ligaments ± sphenomandibularCommunication - with pterygopalatine fossathrough pterygomaxillary fissure1.
 
Maxillary artery to pterygopalatine fossathrough fissure2.
 
Maxillary nerve exits from pterygopalatinefossa to infratemporal through itPterygopalatine fossaA small bony space situated deep topterygomaxillary fissureBoundariesAnteriorly ± posterior surface of maxillaPosteriorly - root of pterygoid process & adjoiningpart of greater wing of sphenoid

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