and production collectives, were initiated through the community-driven process. With regard socio-occupational welfare, communitysavings groups were the fundamental mechanisms for saving moneyto encourage the welfare programmes. Each of the savings groupsbelong to a city network, resulting in a dramatic increase in availablecapital. The agglomeration of community capital can directly fundthe socio–occupational programmes.In terms of the production collective, they sought to address the eco-nomic issues which also affect the urban poor. Household savingsand incomes are often insufficient for the poor people. Thus, com-munity organisations considered alternative collective programmessuch as sewing groups, cooking groups, and importantly, farmer groups.
In 2009, eight of the eighteen urban poor communities were steeredtowards the “Baan Mankong” programme or “Secure Housing for thePoor”. Meanwhile, nothing has been changed in the remaining10
communities. As a result, a city committee and the community net-work brainstormed and created a city development fund. This fundconsists of a yearly-municipality subsidy, international support, suchas the ACCA programme, a government budget, and importantly, lo-cal community savings groups. The matching of funds between com-munities and government agencies has been established for urbanpoor housing development purposes.In summary, the urban poor development programme in Chum Pae
city initiated from one pilot project and spread to 7 community re
-location programmes. After that, these organisations were weavedinto the city network, hence combining community capital with citycapital, creating possibilities for affordable alternative welfare pro-grammes. Additionally, city capital can contribute to city develop-ment funding, by matching the funds of the poor.
Community developmet in Chumpae municipality
Loan5,896,800bath5 phases= 3,447,360bath
5,353,200 bath5 phases=2,254,928bath
Loan8,812,800 bath9 phases=3,823,200 bath
Loan6,534,400bath3 phases=1,965,600 bath
8 projects391Household CODI infrastructure subsidy23,540,000 bath
C i t y P ar t i c i p a t or y P l anni n g